In which of the following are ample amounts of carbohydrates almost
a. Plant foods
b. Health foods
c. Animal products
d. Protein-rich foods
Which of the following is NOT a source of dietary
Which of the following is not a simple carbohydrate?
b. White sugar
What component accounts for the usually sweet taste of
c. Simple sugars
d. Complex carbohydrates
Which of the following is known as blood sugar or dextrose?
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of glucose?
a. It is soluble in water
b. It is a monosaccharide
c. It is part of the sucrose molecule
d. It is sweeter tasting than sucrose
It is sweeter tasting than sucrose
What is the sweetest-tasting simple carbohydrate in the diet?
Common table sugar is typically extracted from sugarcane and
b. sugar beets.
c. sweet potatoes.
d. high-sucrose corn syrup.
What is the composition of sucrose?
a.Two fructose units
b.One glucose and one fructose unit
c.One glucose and one galactose unit
d.One galactose and one fructose unit
One glucose and one fructose unit
What is the composition of lactose?
a. Two glucose units
b. Two fructose units
c. One glucose and one fructose unit
d. One glucose and one galactose unit
One glucose and one galactose unit
What is another name for lactose?
a. Milk sugar
b. Fruit sugar
c. Table sugar
d. Artificial sugar
What is the primary storage form of carbohydrate in the body?
Which of the following is NOT a rich source of dietary
Which of the following statements is NOT characteristic of
a. Most fibers consist of linked monosaccharides
b. An example of a nonstarch polysaccharide fiber is pectin
c. An example of a nonpolysaccharide fiber is cellulose
d. Most soluble fibers are easily digested by the bacteria in the colon
An example of a nonpolysaccharide fiber is cellulose
A "functional fiber" is one that
a. occurs naturally in the intact plant.
b. performs a specific function in the plant.
c. is extracted from plants and has a beneficial health effect.
d. is a polysaccharide that is stored primarily in muscle and liver of animals.
is extracted from plants and has a beneficial health effect.
Which of the following is described as a nonstarch
Which of the following is a characteristic of dietary fibers?
a. They cause diverticulosis
b. They raise blood cholesterol levels
c. They are usually found in high-fat foods
d. They are classified according to solubility in water
They are classified according to solubility in water
Which of the following are NOT water-soluble fibers?
Which of the following enzymes does NOT act on simple sugars?
What is the primary means for degradation of soluble fibers in the
a. Bacterial enzymes
b. Pancreatic amylase
c. Peristaltic segmentation
d. Villus brush border hydrolases
The enzymes that digest dietary sugars are produced by the
d. small intestine.
What is the primary absorption site for digestible
c. Small intestine
d. Large intestine
What is the primary organ that metabolizes fructose and galactose
c. Skeletal muscle
d. Small intestines
Which of the following is NOT a symptom of lactose
What is the primary function of insulin?
a. Raises blood glucose levels
b. Lowers blood glucose levels
c. Stimulates glycogen breakdown
d. Stimulates intestinal carbohydrate absorption
Lowers blood glucose levels
What is a normal range (mg/dL) for blood glucose?
Which of the following is a typical response of the body to changes
in blood glucose?
a. Blood glucose levels that fall too low signal the release of insulin
b. Blood glucose levels that fall too low signal the release of glucagon
c. Blood glucose levels that rise too high signal the release of glycogen
d. Blood glucose levels that rise too high signal the release of epinephrine
Blood glucose levels that fall too low signal the release of glucagon
Which of the following is a feature of the condition
a. It is treated with insulin injections
b. It is aggravated by high-fiber foods
c. It is classified as a pre-diabetic condition
d. It occurs rarely in otherwise healthy people
It occurs rarely in otherwise healthy people
Your nephew Jimmy, who is 10 years old, has told you that his body
doesn't make insulin. He confides in you that he craves candy but was
told by his parents that he can only eat sugar-free snacks. From which
of the following conditions does Jimmy most likely suffer?
b. Type 1 diabetes
c. Type 2 diabetes
d. Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
Type 1 diabetes
In a person with type 2 diabetes, which of the following foods would
ordinarily promote the least favorable glycemic effect?
b. Ice cream
c. Baked potato
d. Baked beans
Which of the following is a known indicator of prediabetes?
a. Insulin resistance
b. Severe hunger 4-5 hours after a meal
c. Carbohydrate intake as a percentage of total kcal
d. More than two episodes/week of hypoglycemia
According to the current dietary recommendations, what is the maximum
percentage of total energy intake that added sugar should contribute
in the diet?
Which of the following is NOT a feature of artificial
a. They are sometimes referred to as nonnutritive sweeteners
b. There is an Acceptable Daily Intake, which provides a wide margin of safety
c. They provide about one-half the energy of carbohydrates plus small amounts of vitamins and minerals
d. If used, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics advises moderate intake and only in a well-balanced, nutritious diet
They provide about one-half the energy of carbohydrates plus small amounts of vitamins and minerals
What is the RDA for carbohydrate?
a. 10 g
b. 45 g
c. 130 g
d. 250 g
Which of the following is a typical response in people following a
a. They often complain of diet-induced diarrhea
b. They experience frequent bouts of hyperglycemia
c. Total weight loss is about the same as in people on a low-fat diet
d. They lose about the same amount of weight as people on conventional diets for the first 6 months
Total weight loss is about the same as in people on a low-fat diet