35 notecards = 9 pages (4 cards per page)
In which of the following are ample amounts of carbohydrates almost
Which of the following is NOT a source of dietary
Which of the following is not a simple carbohydrate?
What component accounts for the usually sweet taste of
Which of the following is known as blood sugar or dextrose?
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of glucose?
It is sweeter tasting than sucrose
What is the sweetest-tasting simple carbohydrate in the diet?
Common table sugar is typically extracted from sugarcane and
What is the composition of sucrose?
One glucose and one fructose unit
What is the composition of lactose?
One glucose and one galactose unit
What is another name for lactose?
What is the primary storage form of carbohydrate in the body?
Which of the following is NOT a rich source of dietary
Which of the following statements is NOT characteristic of
An example of a nonpolysaccharide fiber is cellulose
A "functional fiber" is one that
is extracted from plants and has a beneficial health effect.
Which of the following is described as a nonstarch
Which of the following is a characteristic of dietary fibers?
They are classified according to solubility in water
Which of the following are NOT water-soluble fibers?
Which of the following enzymes does NOT act on simple sugars?
What is the primary means for degradation of soluble fibers in the
The enzymes that digest dietary sugars are produced by the
What is the primary absorption site for digestible
What is the primary organ that metabolizes fructose and galactose
Which of the following is NOT a symptom of lactose
What is the primary function of insulin?
Lowers blood glucose levels
What is a normal range (mg/dL) for blood glucose?
Which of the following is a typical response of the body to changes
in blood glucose?
Blood glucose levels that fall too low signal the release of glucagon
Which of the following is a feature of the condition
It occurs rarely in otherwise healthy people
Your nephew Jimmy, who is 10 years old, has told you that his body
doesn't make insulin. He confides in you that he craves candy but was
told by his parents that he can only eat sugar-free snacks. From which
of the following conditions does Jimmy most likely suffer?
Type 1 diabetes
In a person with type 2 diabetes, which of the following foods would
ordinarily promote the least favorable glycemic effect?
Which of the following is a known indicator of prediabetes?
According to the current dietary recommendations, what is the maximum
percentage of total energy intake that added sugar should contribute
in the diet?
Which of the following is NOT a feature of artificial
They provide about one-half the energy of carbohydrates plus small amounts of vitamins and minerals
What is the RDA for carbohydrate?
Which of the following is a typical response in people following a
Total weight loss is about the same as in people on a low-fat diet