Chapter 15: Diagnostic, Procedures, Nuclear Medicine, and Pharmacology

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1

albumin/o

albumin

2

calc/i

calcium

3

-centesis

surgical puncture

4

creatin/o

creatinine

5

glycos/o

glucose

6

-graphy

the process of producing a picture or record​

7

hemat/o

blood

8

lapar/o

abdomen

9

-otomy

surgical incision

10

phleb/o

vein

11

radi/o

radiation

12

-scope

visual examination instrument

13

-scopy

​direct visual examination

14

son/o

sound

15

-uria

urine

16

glycosuria

the presence of glucose in the urine​

17

hematuria

the presence of blood in the urine​

18

hyperthermia

extremely high fever​

19

hypothermia

​abnormally low body temperature

20

ketonuria

the presence of ketones in the urine​

21

ophthalmoscope

instrument used to examine the interior of the eye​

22

otoscope

​instrument used to examine the external ear canal and tympanic membrane

23

speculum

​instrument used to enlarge the opening of a body canal

24

sphygmomanometer

instrument used when measuring blood pressure​

25

stethoscope

instrument used to listen to sounds within the body​

26

intradermal

into the middle layers of the skin​

27

intramuscular

directly into muscle tissue​

28

intravenous

​directly into a vein

29

subcutaneous

into the fatty layer just below the skin​

30

transdermal

absorbed through intact skin​

31

auscultation

listening through a stethoscope for sounds within the body.​

32

Transesophageal echocardiography

performed from inside the esophagus, is an ultrasonic imaging technique used to evaluate heart structures.​

33

percussion

The diagnostic procedure that uses the sound produced by tapping the body surface with the finger is known as

34

Rales

abnormal crackle-like respiratory sounds heard when breathing in.​

35

Computed tomography

uses a thin, fan-shaped x-ray beam that rotates around the patient to produce multiple cross-sectional views of the body.​

36

acupuncture

traditional Chinese medical practice using very thin needles inserted into specific points of the body.​

37

Fluoroscopy

visualization of body parts in motion by projecting x-ray images on a luminous fluorescent screen.​

38

palliative

substance that eases the pain or severity of a disease but does not cure it.​

39

idiosyncratic reaction

unexpected response to a drug that is peculiar to the individual.

40

parenteral

means taken into the body or administered in a manner other than through the digestive tract.​

41

contraindication

a factor in the patient's condition that makes the use of a particular medication dangerous or ill advised.​

42

bruit

abnormal sound heard during auscultation of an artery.​

43

assessment

evaluation or appraisal of a condition

44

Basic metabolic panel

Which term refers to a group of eight specific tests that provide important information about the current status of the patient’s kidneys, electrolyte balance, blood sugar, and calcium levels?​

45

Pain

Which term is considered to be the fifth vital sign in certain settings, such as a hospital?

46

Capillary puncture

Which technique is used when only a small amount of blood is needed as a specimen for a blood test?

47

​radiographic projection

Which term describes the path that the x-ray beam follows through the patient’s body from the entrance to the exit?

48

magnetic resonance angiography

Which technique is used to help locate problems within blood vessels throughout the body?​

49

brand name

​A _____ drug is sold under the name given the drug by the manufacturer.

50

pain relieving creams

primary active ingredient is capsaicin.​

51

neuromuscular therapy

A form of massage that uses soft-tissue manipulation focusing on applying pressure to trigger points to treat injuries and alleviate pain is known as

52

heart murmur

Which term refers to an abnormal heart sound that is most commonly a sign of defective heart valves

53

radiologist

a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders with x-rays and other forms of radiant energy.​

54

blood pressure

BP

55

MRI

Magnetic Resonance Imaging