Connect Questions and lab quiz questions Flashcards


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created 4 years ago by Karriemmartin90
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1

A 78-year-old woman is found unconscious on the floor of her Philadelphia apartment in August. The temperature outside is 102 degrees Fahrenheit and the relative humidity is 94%. The woman's skin is hot and dry. Which of the following conditions is she most likely suffering from?

Heat stroke

2

An ingested chemical that is used for growth, repair, or maintenance of the body is called a(n) __________.

nutrient

3

In order to measure the basal metabolic rate, which of the following variables needs to be considered?

Physical activity, thyroid function, time since last meal and mental state

4

What is the term used to describe the amount of energy liberated in the body per unit of time?

Metabolic rate

5

Which of the following statements is true regarding why hot, humid weather hinders temperature regulation?

The humidity decreases the ability to evaporate sweat off the body, and radiation adds heat to the body rather than allowing heat to leave the body.

6

What is the straight muscular tube conveying food from pharynx to the stomach called?

Esophagus

7

What are the segments of the small intestine in the order through which food passes?

Duodenum, jejunum, ileum

8

The network of nerves that regulate digestive motility, secretion, and blood flow is called the __________ system.

enteric nervous

9

Which of the following is a feature that the stomach and the small intestine have in common?

Goblet cells

10

Which of the following describes the fundus of the stomach?

It is the domed superior region

11

The peristaltic movement of colonic contents triggered by the gastrocolic reflex approximately 1-3 times per day is called __________.

mass movement

12

What is the outermost layer of the digestive tract wall?

Serosa

13

What are the microscopic structural subunits of the liver?

Hepatic lobules

14

In which direction do the persistaltic contractions of the stomach's smooth muscle move contents?

From the fundic region to the pyloris

15

What is the mechanical and chemical breakdown of food called?

Digestion

16

In order for digestion to occur, chyme is required to contact the microvilli of the intestinal wall because the __________.

brush border enzymes are not secreted into the lumen

17

Which organ is located behind the greater curvature of the stomach and acts as both an endocrine and exocrine gland?

Pancreas

18

Which hormone plays a major role in calcium homeostasis?

Parathyroid hormone

19

Increased blood osmolarity stimulates hypothalamic osmoreceptors. This triggers the posterior pituitary to release which of the following?

Antidiuretic hormone

20

Which of the following results when CO2 is eliminated faster than it is produced (for example, during hyperventilation)?

Respiratory alkalosis

21

A buffer can be generally defined as a mechanism that does which of the following?

Resists changes in pH

22

Which of the following has the largest effect on plasma sodium concentration?

ADH

23

The blood, lymph, tissue fluid, and transcellular fluid are all examples of which of the following?

Fluid compartments

24

What is the source of most of the parasympathetic innervation of the digestive tract?

Vagus Nerve

25

The most abundant nitrogenous waste of the blood is

urea.

26

What are Peyer patches, and where are they located?

Small masses of lymphatic tissue found throughout the ileum region of the small intestine or Lymphatic follicles of the ileum

27

The small intestine is suspended from the dorsal body wall by which structure?

The mesentery proper

28

The first step leading to angiotensin II production is the secretion of what by the kidneys?

Renin

29

Which blood vessels of the renal medulla run alongside the nephron loops?

The peritubular capillaries

30

Which of the following is not found in saliva?

Pepsinogen

31

Blood pressure in the glomerulus is unusually high compared to other capillaries because the diameter of the __________ is greater than that of the __________.

Afferent arteriole; Efferent arteriole

32

What is the function of intrinsic factor?

It assists with absorption of vitamin B in the small intestine.

33

What are the three regions of the male urethra?

Prostatic, membranous, and penile

34

Jill is running a marathon. Which of the following is not occurring while she runs?

Increased urine production

35

Which of the following secrete amylase?

Pancreas and salivary glands

36

Which of the following would be abnormal to find in urine?

Glucose

37

Which of these is not part of the nephron?

Collecting duct

38

Which of the following cells produce renin?

Juxtaglomerular kidney cells

39

Which of the following is the site of contact digestion?

The brush border of the small intestine

40

If we follow the ureter into the kidney, what is the first structure we find?

The renal pelvis

41

Which of the following structures reabsorbs glucose and amino acids from the glomerular filtrate?

Proximal convoluted tubule

42

Where is the swallowing center located?

The oropharynx

43

What is the life span of epithelial cells in the stomach lining?

3 to 6 days