Microbiology: Microbiology self-tests Flashcards
The largest vessels carrying oxygenated blood from the heart
The walls are only one cell thick; they aid in the exchange of materials.
The venous equivalent of arteries.
Blood cells important in phagocytosis & antibody production.
A lymphoid organ.
Small, oval structures in the lymphatic system; sites of considerable defensive activity by the body.
Plasma that bathes tissue cells after their passage through capillary walls.
Blood cells that carry oxygen.
A toxic, inflammatory condition arising from the spread of bacteria or bacterial toxins from a focus of infection.
Of autoimmune origin due to group M proteins of streptococci.
Swollen lymph nodes.
Heart infection that developes rapidly, damages valves; usually caused by Staphylococcus aureus.
Acute bacterial endocarditis
Drop in blood pressure due to gram-negative sepsis.
Characterized by red streaks on skin from the site of infection.
Probably transmitted by saliva.
Often transmitted by contact w/small animals such as rabbits.
Undulant fever, at one time transmitted by ingestion of contaminated milk, is now mostly transmitted by contact w/animal carcasses.
Caused by a spore-forming rod that is often present in the soil.
The cat is essential in the reproductive cycle & the transmission of the causative organisms.
Caused by a protozoan that forms oocysts.
Heterophil antibodies are used in diagnosis.
Caused by the Epstein-Barr virus.
Transmitted by sand flies.
Caused by CMV.
Cytomegalic inclusion disease
The bite of a tick transmits a spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi.
A swimming stage called a cercaria is an essential part of the life cycle of the pathogen.
A ricettsial disease transmitted by dog ticks or wood ticks.
Rocky Mountain spotted fever
A rickettsial disease transmitted by a rat flea.
Endemic murine typhus
A spore-forming protozoan is the cause.
Saint Vitus' dance.
A tickborne protozoan disease.
Mosquito-transmitted hemorrhagic fever.
Pulmonary infection transmitted by inhalation of dried rodent urine & feces.
Tickborne bacterial disease.
Transmitted by contact w/infected blood; filoform virus.
Ebola hemorrhagic fever
The surgical removal of tissue, short of amputation, is called _____________.
The fluid portion of the blood is called ______.
A general name for a white blood cell is _____________.
When a gram-negative bacterium lyses, it releases part of its cell walls as harmful ____________.
Group M proteins are associated with the bacterial genus _______________.
Brucella suis is most likely to infect people coming into contact w/animals such as ___________.
Sydemham's chorea is a complication of ___________.
Burkitt's lymphoma is cuased by the same virus that causes ____________________.
The official name of the Epstein-Barr virus is human herpesvirus _____.
Infections caused by obligate anaerobes such as Clostridium perfringens are sometimes treated by putting the patients in ______________ chambers.
Many years ago, Semmelweis showed how proper hygeine & disinfection of hand & instruments could prevent ____________ in maternity wards.
When malaria is transmitted by the bite of a mosquito, the parasite stage that is injected into the host is a(n)____________.
The most dangerous type of malaria is caused by Plasmodium _______________.
Snails are essential to the life cycle of the disease organism causing ________________.
Cats are essential to the life cycle of the disease organism causing _______________.
A membrane layer covering the brain & spinal cord.
A prion-caused disease.
Human diploid cell vaccine is used in treatment.
Chronic fatigue syndrome
Innermost layer of the meninges.
Outermost layer of the meninges.
Middle layer of the meninges.
Formerly treatd by the Pasteur treatment.
Treated by human diploid cell vaccine after exposure.
Caused by a bullet-shaped rhabdovirus.
Also known as hydrophobia.
Thought to be transmitted by inhalation of the pathogen in dried pigeon droppings.
Caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis.
A prion-caused disease.
A mosquito-borne virus.
The drugs of choice for treatment are amphotericin B & flucytosine.
Cryptococcus neoformans menigitis
Opposing muscles contract, causing spastic paralysis.
Pathogen grows at refrigerator temperatures.
Uses live viruses.
Sabin polio vaccine
On rare occasions, the vaccine has caused the disease by mutation to virulence.
Sabin polio vaccine
An amoebic protozoan found in ponds & streams that causes a primary amebic meningoencephalitis.
Spread by the bite of a tsetse fly.
Trypanosoma brucei gambiense
An important cause of bacterial meningitis.
Probably the most virulent; the most common type in western United States.
Type A botulism
Outbreaks often involve seafoods; nonproteolytic.
Type E botulism
Toxin can be produced at refrigerator temperatures.
Type E botulism
An infection of the brain is called ____________.
An infection of the meninges is called
The brain & the spinal cord comprise the _________ nervous system.
The nerves branching from the brain & spinal cord comprise the ____________ nervous system.
The _______ consists of capillaries that permit certain substances, mostly lipid-soluble, to pass from the blood to the brain but prevent other substances from passing.
The bacterium that causes _________ can be successfully grown in armadillos.
Of the several types of arthropod-borne encephalitis that occur in the United States, the most severe in its effects is ______________.
Eastern Equine encephalitis (EEE)
The T in DTaP vaccine stands for __________.
The inner layter of the skin, composed of connective tissue.
The lining of the inner eyelid & the surface of the eyeball.
Some of these specialized epithelial cells are ciliated.
The outermost epidermal layer; consists largely of dead cells containing the protein keratin.
Extracellular material to which epithelial cells of mucous membrane are attached.
A skin rash that arises from disease conditions.
Fluid-filled lesions larger than about 1cm
Scalded skin syndrome
Treated w/isotretinoin (Accutane).
Nodular cystic acne (severe acne)
Swimmer's ear, usually caused by pseudomonads.
Idoxuridine is an effective chemotherapeutic treatment.
Mycobacterium spp. are the pathogens involved.
Treatment of cystic acne.
The location of M protein of streptococci.
Fibrils on cell surface
Causes birth defects.
Prevention of ophthalmia neonatorum.
Ringworm of the scalp.
First disease deliberately eliminated on earth.
Koplik's spots are diagnostic.
Occasional complication of chickenpox & influenza.
Fungal infection of the nail.
The eyes are washed by tears, and the enzyme ______ in tears destroys many bacteria.
If a boil undertakes a more extensive invasion of the surrounding tissue, it is termed a _______.
Streptococcus pyogenes is an example of group A ___ hemolytic streptococci.
The blue-green pus caused by opportunistic infections of burn patients is due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa forming water-soluble __________ pigment.