KIN 300 FINAL PART 2 Flashcards


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1

Which if the following muscles contract concentrically to cause cervical flexion, left cervical rotation, and right cervical lateral flexion?

RIGHT STERNOCLEIDOMASTOID

2

Which if the following muscles contract concentrically to cause extension of the head, right cervical rotation, and right cervical lateral flexion?

RIGHT SPLENIUS CAPITIS

3

Which of the following actions is performed during the arm pull/leg push phase of rowing exercise?

EXTENSION

4

Which of the following actions is performed during the return phase of rowing exercise?

FLEXION

5

Which of the following is correct regarding the patellofemoral joint?

Classified as an arthrodial type joint

6

Which of the following is not a phase of "sit-up" exercise?

STARTING PHASE

7

Which of the following is not an agonist muscle of hip extension when performing "alternating prone extension" exercise?

Vastus medialis

8

Which of the following is not an agonist muscle of shoulder flexion when performing "alternating prone extension" exercise?

Tricep brachii

9

Which of the following is not an agonist muscle of trunk extension when performing "alternating prone extension" exercise?

Gluteus maximus

10

Which of the following is not considered to be a large abdominal muscle?

Lateral abdominus

11

Which of the following is NOT considered to be one of the quadriceps muscle group?

Vastus Medius

12

Which of the following is NOT true regarding the hamstring muscle group?

Provides static stability to the knee joint

13

Which of the following is not true regarding the quadriceps muscle group?

Covered by the vastus fascia

14

Which of the following is not true regarding the rectus femoris, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius, vastus lateralis?

All are superficial and palpable except vastus medialis

15

Which of the following is not true with respect to the synovial cavity?

Provides the knee with stability

16

Which of the following is true regarding the medial collateral ligament?

Maintains medial stability

17

Which of the following muscles actions is performed during the lowering phase of "hip sled" exercise?

dorisflexion

18

Which of the following muscles actions is performed during the pushing phase of "hip sled" exercise?

EXTENSION

19

Which of the following muscles does not perform hip extension during the lifting phase of a "squat" exercise?

Rectus femoris

20

Which of the following muscles externally rotates the knee?

BICEPS FEMORIS

21

Which of the following muscles internally rotates the knee?

Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus, Popliteus

22

Which of the following muscles is not activated during an isometric abdominal exercise?

Serratus anterior

23

Which of the following muscles is not activated during the hip flexion portion of an isometric "leg lifter" exercise?

Gluteus maximus

24

In performing lateral flexion against gravity such as in a lateral sit-up, which of the following muscles would be least effective?

Rectus Abdominis

25

In the alternating prone extension exercise the hip extensors contract ________.

Concentrically during lifting phase

26

Increased posterior concavity of the cervical spine is known as _____.

Lordosis

27

Increased pressure on the spinal nerves may result from a herniated lumbar disc and result in radiating pain, tingling, numbness, and weakness in the lower extremity.

TRUE

28

It is not necessary to analyze each individual's exercise and skill technique in order to specifically design an exercise program to meet his/her needs.

FALSE

29

Kyphosis is increased posterior concavity of thoracic curve of the vertebral column.

FALSE

30

Which of the following muscles is not strengthened to any substantial degree by sit-ups?

Erector Spinae

31

Which of the following muscles is not strengthened to any substantial degree by abdominal curl-ups without rotation to the right and left?

Erector Spinae

32

Which of the following muscles would be most effective in performing anterior pelvic rotation?

Iliopsoas

33

Which of the following muscles would not be concentrically active when attempting to place the right ear on the right shoulder while lying on the left side?

Left Sternocleidomastoid

34

Which of the following statements is correct regarding the diaphragm muscle?

ALL OF ABOVE

35

Which of the following statements is correct regarding trunk movement at the lumbar spine?

Extends 20 to 30 degrees.

36

eccentric actions occur when muscles lengthen under tension to control the joints moving with gravity or a resistance.

True or False

TRUE

37

Extreme ________ of the spine would be prevented in the part by the spinous processes.

EXTENSION

38

From medial to lateral the erector spinae muscles are ___.

spinae, longissimus, llicostalis

39

Functions of the abdominal muscles include assisting in spinal stabilization and respiration.

True or False?

TRUE

40

In basketball and soccer injury ___ occurs much more commonly to females than to males.

ACL

41

Many types of back pain and other physical ailments can be avoided through proper maintenance of the musculoskeletal system.

True or False?

TRUE

42

Most of the movement that occurs in the spinal column occurs in the cervical and thoracic regions of the spine.

True or False?

TRUE

43

Most of the rotation within the cervical region occurs in the joint between _______&_______.

Atlas c1 , Axix c2

44

Muscles may be shorten or lengthen in the absence of a contraction through passive movement caused by other contracting muscles.

True or False?

TRUE

45

Muscles that flex the knee include all of the following except?

tensor fascia latae

46

muscular strength, muscular endurance, and flexibility are general body characteristics that are not specific to each body area and muscle group.

True or False?

FALSE

47

Nearly all movement of the spinal column takes place within the two supportive structures known as _____ and _______.

Cervical , Lumbar

48

of the four abdominal muscles which is a prime mover in lateral pelvic rotation from a hanging overhead by the hands position?

transverse abdominus