Chapter 1 The Language of Anatomy Flashcards


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created 11 years ago by gracie1964
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Surface Anatomy, Body Orientation, Direction, Planes, and Sections, Body Cavities
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College: First year, College: Second year
Subjects:
human anatomy and physiology 165
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1

cheek

A - buccal

2

pertaining to the fingers

D - digital

3

shoulder blade region

F - scapular

4

anterior aspect of knee

E - patellar

5

heel of foot

B - calcaneal

6

pertaining to the head

C - cephalic

7

appendicular

antecubital, brachial, crural, femoral, fibular, popliteal, sural

8

axial

abdominal, cervical, gluteal, lumbar, occipital, oral, pubic, thoracic, umbilical

9

Describe completely the standard human anatomical position.

The body is erect with feet slightly apart. The palms face forward and the thumbs point away from the body.

10

Define section

A cut along an imaginary plane through the body wall or organ.

11

In the anatomical position, the face and palms are on the ____ body surface;

1-anterior

12

the buttocks and shoulder blades are on the ___ body surface;

2-posterior

13

and the top of the head is the most ___ part of the body.

3-superior

14

The ears are ____ and ____ to the shoulders and ____ to the nose.

4-medial
5-superior
6-lateral

15

The heart is ____ to the vertebral column (spine) and ____ to the lungs.

7-anterior
8-medial

16

The elbow is ___ to the fingers but ___ to the shoulder.

9-proximal
10-distal

17

The abdominopelvic cavity is ___ to the thoracic cavity and ___ to the spinal cavity.

11- inferior
12- anterior

18

In humans, the dorsal surface can also be called the ___ surface; however, in quadruped animals, the dorsal surface is the ___ surface.

13-posterior
14-superior

19

If an incision cuts the heart into right and left parts, the section is a ___ section; but if the heart is cut so that superior and inferior portions result, the section is a ___ section.

15-sagittal
16-transverse

20

You are told to cut a dissection animal along two planes so that both kidneys are observable in each section. The two sections that will always meet this requirement are the ___ and ___ sections.

17-frontal
18-transverse

21

A section that demonstrates the continuity between the spinal and cranial cavities is a ___ section.

19-sagittal

22

Correctly identify each of the body planes by inserting the appropriate term for each on the answer line below the drawing.

(a)medial/sagittal
(b)frontal/ventral
(c)transverse

23

Correctly identify each of the nine area of the abdominal surfaces by inserting the appropriate term for each of the letters indicated in the drawing.

a - epigstric
b - right hypochondriac region
c - left hypochondriac region
d - umbilical region
e - right lumbar region
f - left lumbar region
g - hypogastric (pubic) region
h - right iliac (inguinal) region
i - left iliac (inguinal) region

24

surgery to remove a cancerous lung lobe

thoracic
ventral

25

removal of the uterus

abdominopelvic
ventral

26

removal of a brain tumor

cranial
dorsal

27

appendectomy

abdonminopelvic
ventral

28

stomach ulcer operation

abdominopelvic ?
ventral

29

delivery of pre-operative "saddle" anesthesia

spinal
dorsal

30

Name the muscle that subdivides the ventral body cavity.

diaphragm

31

Which organ system would not be represented in any of the body cavities?

integumentary, skeletal, muscular

32

What are the bony landmarks of the abdominopelvic cavity?

dorsally, the vertebral column; laterally and anteriorly, the pelvis

33

Which body cavity affords the least protection to its internal structures?

abdominal

34

What is the function of the serous membranes of the body?

To cover the organs and produce a lubricating fluid that reduces friction as organs slide across one another or against cavity walls during function.

35

holds the eyes in an anterior-facing position

d-orbital cavity

36

houses three tiny bones involved in hearing

middle ear cavity

37

contained within the nose

nasal cavity

38

contains the tongue

oral cavity

39

lines a joint cavity

synovial cavity

40

Question 17 completing the flowchart

3-cranial
4-vertebral/spinal
5-thoracic
6-abdominopelvic
7-abdomen
8-pelvic

41

contained within the skull and vertebral column

1-dorsal body cavity

42

houses female reproductive organs

8-pelvic

43

the most protective body cavity

3-cranial

44

its name means belly

2-ventral or 7-abdomen

45

contains the heart

5-thoracic

46

contains the small intestine

6-abdomenopelvic

47

bounded by the ribs

5-thoracic

48

its walls are muscular

6-abdominopelvic