Lymphatic System Mastering Flashcards


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ch. 20 mastering ap homework
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1

What is the main function of the lymphatic system?

The lymphatic system returns leaked fluid and plasma proteins that escape from the bloodstream back to the blood.

2

Label the diagram:

right lymphatic duct

thoracic duct

cisterna chyli

collecting lymphatic vessels

cervical nodes

axillary nodes

inguinal nodes

card image
3

What is the origin of lymph fluid?

Lymph is excess fluid formed from plasma that accumulates in the tissues as interstitial fluid.

4

once collected, where does lymph drain to?

the venous circulation

5

Adjacent cells in lymphatic capillaries overlap each other loosely. What is the unique structural modification that increases their permeability?

mini valves (let fluid in but not out)

6

What promotes closing of the mini valves accosted with lymph capillaries?

increasing pressure inside the lymph capillary.

7

are lymphatic capillaries permeable to proteins?

yes

8

does lymph travel to and from the heart?

no

9

from what regions of the body is lymph drained into the right lymphatic duct?

the right upper limb, right side of the head and thorax.

10

what are formed from the union of the largest collecting lymphatic vessels?

lymphatic trunks

11

what is the name of the enlarged sac that the lumbar trunks and intestinal trunk return lymph to?

cisterna chyli

12

where are the three large clusters of superficial lymph nodes?

the cervical region, axillary region, and inguinal region

13

true or false?

because lymph vessels are very low-pressure conduits, movements of adjacent tissues are important in propelling lymph through the lymphatics

true

14

true or false?

digested fats are absorbed from the intestine by the lymph capillaries

true

15

true or false?

lymphoid tissue is mainly reticular connective tissue

true

16

which lymph cells produce antibodies?

plasma cells ( activated B cells)

17

what is a role of lymph nodes

they filter lymph

18

what region of the lymph node contains follicles filled with dividing b cells?

the cortex

19

which lymphoid organ extracts aged and defective blood cells and platelets from the blood in addition to storing some of the breakdown products for later use?

the spleen

20

which part of the spleen is the site of immune function?

white pulp (contains reticular fibers with lymphocytes which cleans the blood and are an important part of immunological surveillance and response)

21

which lymphatic organ is organized with trabecular and compartments containing red and white pulp?

spleen

22

payer's patches are mucosa-associated lymph tissue located where?

in the wall of the small intestine

23

what is the function of bone marrow

form lymphocytes

24

what is the function of the spleen

to remove red blood cells

25

what is the function of the thymus

to mature t cells

26

true or false?

the thymus is the only lymphoid organ that does not directly fight antigens

true

27

when is the thymus most active

childhood

28

what is true about the thymus?

it functions strictly in t lymphocyte maturation

it doesn't fight antigens directly

its storm consists of epithelial tissue

29

what is true about lymphocytes

b cells produce plasma cells, which secrete antibodies into the blood.

30

primary lymphoid organ

thymus

31

what lymphoid cell traps antigens and transport them to lymph nodes?

dendritic cells

32

Which organ is not a secondary lymph organ?

thymus