Biol 112 Lab Exam 3 (17,18,19,20) Flashcards


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Loyola University
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1
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Chapter 17-Deuterostomes

What is this species Phylum and SubPhylum? What is this species called?

Phylum Chordata

SubPhylum Cephalochordata

Lancelet

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Chapter 17- Deuterostomes

Find:

The mouth

The tentacles

The Notochord

The Dorsal Fin

The Pharynx Gills

The Nerve Cord

The Myomeres

The Intestine

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Chapter 17- Deuterostomes

Find these stages in Starfish Development:

Unfertilized Egg

Fertilized Envelope

Four Cell Staged Embryo

Blastula

Gastrula

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Chapter 17- Deuterostomes

Identify Blastomere and Blastocoel

Know the stages to Gastrulation

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Chapter 17- Deuterostomes

What is the difference between early and late blastulas?

Early blastulas are bundles of cells, later blastulas are divided and have smaller more abundant cells.

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Chapter 17- Deuterostomes

Bipinnaria Larva (Starfish) display what type of Symmetry?

Bilateral

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Chapter 17- Deuterostomes

What are the benefits of the holes in the urchin shell?

Tube feet are within allowing for movement and stabilization.

8

Chapter 17- Deuterostomes

How are tube feet effective?

There are multiple amounts of them that work together to form a strong suction.

9

Chapter 17- Deuterostomes

What organisms are Echinodermata?

Asteroidea (Starfish)

Ophiuroidea (Brittle Stars)

Crinoidea (Feather Stars, Sea Lilies)

Echinoidea (Sea Urchins and Sand Dollars)

Holothuroid (Sea Cucumbers)

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Chapter 17- Deuterostomes

Identify the Mouth, Tube feet, Ampulla, Madreporite, Radial Nerve, and Neural Ring

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Chapter 17- Deuterostomes

What is this an image of?

Tunicate Larva

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Chapter 17- Deuterostomes

What is the pathway for a Tunicate to filter water?

Incurrent Siphon

Atrium

Stomach

Intestine

Excurrent Siphon

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Chapter 17- Deuterostomes

What appendages of a perch is similar to other organisms?

Pectoral Fins

Pelvic Fins

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Chapter 17- Deuterostomes

What are the three subphyla of Chordata?

Urochordata (Tunicates)

Cephalochordata (Lancelets)

Vertebrata (Frogs, Perch, Seahorse, other Fish)

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Chapter 17- Deuterostomes

All Chordates have?

a notochord

pharyngeal gill slits

a dorsal hollow nerve cord

a post-anal tail

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Identify Kidney, Gill Filaments, Heat, Liver, Stomach, Intestine, Swim Bladder, Gonad, Vent

Identify Anterior Fin, Posterior Dorsal Fin, Anal Fin, Pectoral Fin, Pelvic Fin

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Chapter 17- Deuterostomes

A perch brain is made up of what?

Olfactory Bulb

Olfactory Lobe

Cerebrum

Optic Lobe

Cerebellum

Medulla

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Chapter 18- Histology

Identify Epidermis, Dermis, Hypodermis, Hair Follicles, Sebaceous Glands, sweat glands, sweat glands, and adipose tissue

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Chapter 18- Histology

What is this cell?

Cardiac Muscle

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Chapter 18- Histology

This is an image of? What layer of muscle covers it?

Frog Intestine

Smooth Muscle

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Chapter 18- Histology

What is this cell?

Smooth Muscle

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Chapter 18- Histology

What is this cell? What makes up these cells?

Nervous Tissue

Neurons (nucleus, cell body, axons, dendrites) & Gila

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Chapter 18- Histology

Identify these parts of frog skin: Epidermis (Stratified Squamous Epithelium), Dermis, Chromatophores, Mucous Glands, poisons glands

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Chapter 18- Histology

What cell is this?

Human Skin

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Chapter 18- Histology

What cell is this?

Skeletal Muscle

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Chapter 18- Histology

What is this cell?

Frog Leukocytes

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Chapter 18- Histology

What cells are these?

Human Blood Cells

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Chapter 18- Histology

What is this an image of?

Cartilage

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Chapter 18- Histology

What are these cells?

Human Cheek Cells

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Chapter 18- Histology

What is this an image of? Identify Lumen, Columnar Epithelial tissue, nucleus.

Frog Kidney

Center= Lumen

Outer tissue= Columnar Epithelial

Dots= Nucleus

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Chapter 18- Histology

What is this an image of?

Frog Intestine

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Chapter 18- Histology

What cell is this? Identify the Haversian Canal, lacunae, matrix, canaliculi

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Bone

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Chapter 18- Histology

Checks Cells are?

Stratified Squamous

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Chapter 18- Histology

Types of Cells?

Simple Squamous

Simple Cuboidal

Simple Columnar

Stratified Squamous (Keratinized or not)

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Chapter 18- Histology

What are red blood cells called?

What are bone cells called?

Erythrocytes

Chondrocytes

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Chapter 18- Histology

What determines a frogs green color?

Chromatophores

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Chapter 19- Anatomy of a Frog

Be able to Identify: Cloacal Aperture, External nares, Tympanic membrane

Cloacal Aperture- Butt Hole

External nares- nose

Tympanic membrane- side of head

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Chapter 18- Anatomy of a Frog

What is special about frog skin?

It is used as a respiratory surface

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Chapter 18- Anatomy of a Frog

What hole is located directly behind the tongue of a frog?

Glottis

40

Chapter 18- Anatomy of a Frog

What muscles are used?

Flexion of leg at knee?

Extension of leg at knee?

Flexion of foot at ankle?

Extension of foot at ankle?

Legs coming together?

Semimembranosus, Gracilis minor

Triceps Femoris

Peroneus

Gastrocnemius

Sartorius, Adductors, Gracilis Major

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Chapter 18- Anatomy of a Frog

Describe how Frogs breathe?

Through skin

Start through nostrils, Buccal Cavity Expands, Nostrils close, Buccal Cavity (Contracts), Glottis opens, lungs expand, Glottis closes, oxygen distributed

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Chapter 18- Anatomy of a Frog

What is the endoskeleton divided into?

Axial skeleton, and appendicular skeleton

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Chapter 18- Anatomy of a Frog

Flexors:

Extensors:

Adductors:

Abductors:

Bend

Straighten

Toward Midline

Away from Midline

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Chapter 18- Anatomy of a Frog

Be able to identify: Fat Bodies, Eggs or Testis, Intestine, Oviduct& Uterus if (Female), Cloaca, Kidney, Bladder, Lungs, Liver, Heart, Stomach, Small intestine, Spleen, Pancreas, Esophahus

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Chapter 18- Anatomy of a Frog

Identify the Bones

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Chapter 18- Anatomy of a Frog

Study This and know it.

...

47
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Chapter 18- Anatomy of a Frog

Know these muscles (NOT 1,2,5)

3.Tricep Femoris

4. Semimembranosus

6.Gastrocnemius

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Chapter 18- Anatomy of a Frog

Know these muscles (NOT 2,3)

1. Sartorius

4. Adductors

5. Gracilis Major

6. Gracilis Minor

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Chapter 18- Anatomy of a Frog

Circulatory System is divided into what?

Pulmonary Circuit (Out of Heart)

Systemic Circuit (In the Heart)

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Chapter 18- Anatomy of a Frog

Know parts of Frog Heart

...

51

Chapter 20- Ecology

Levels of Consumers?

Quaternary (Humans)

Tertiary (Carnivores)

Secondary (Carnivores)

Primary (Herbivores)

Decomposers (Bacterias, and Fungi) (Omnivores)

Producers (Photosynthetic Plants, Algae, Bacteria)

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Chapter 20- Ecology

Abiotic Factors

Biotic Factors

Light, Temperature, Oxygen Level, Precipitation, Soil

Producers, Consumers, Decomposers

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Chapter 20- Ecology

Define these:

Benthic zone

Pelagic Zone

Littoral Zone

Limnetic Zone

Profundal Zone

Bottom of a lake

Open Water

Shallow region along a shore(Photic)

Layer of water where light penetrates (Photic)

Water where light doesn't Penetrate (Aphotic)

54

Chapter 20- Ecology

Species Diversity

Species Richness

Relative Abundence

Species in that community

Number of species in the community

Number of individuals of a specific species

55

Chapter 20 -Ecology

Simpsons Dominance index

Add up all proportions and square each

56

Chapter 20- Ecology

Simpsons Diversity Index

1- Simpson dominance index