Chapter 7 Positioning Femur and Pelvic Girdle
1. List the four bones of the pelvis?
Left hip bone, Right hip bone, Sacrum and coccyx
2. List the three divisions of the hip bone?
Illium, Ishium, Pubis
3. Innominate bone is another name for?
One half of pelvic girdle, Hip bone, Ossa coxae
4. What is the largest foramen in the body?
5. Which of the following landmarks is not a palpable bony landmark
a. Greater trochanter
b. Lesser trochanter
c. Ischial tuberosity
6. Two aspects of the ischium
7. Imaginary plane that separates the false from the true pelvis?
Brim of the pelvis (pelvic brim)
8. Lesser pelvis is part of the false or true pelvis?
9. Supports the lower abdominal organs is part of the false or true pelvis?
10. Formed primarily by the ala of the ilium is part of the false pelvis or the true pelvis?
11. Cavity is part of the true or false pelvis?
12. Greater pelvis is part of the true or false pelvis?
13. The true or false pelvis forms the actual birth canal?
14. The true or false pelvis is found below the pelvic rim?
15. Male or Female pelvis: Heart shaped inlet
16. Male or Female pelvis: Acute pubic arch (< 90)
17. Male or Female pelvis: Illiac wings are more flared
18. Male or Female pelvis: Obtuse pubic arch (> 90)
19. Male or Female pelvis: Larger and more rounded
20. Male or Female pelvis: Illiac wings are less flared
21. Which of the following structures is considered to be the most posterior?
A. Ischial spines
C. Symphisis Pubis
22. Small depression near the center of the femoral head where a ligament is attached is called?
23. Which joints are a synovial joint but with amphiarthrodial mobility?
A. Union of acetabula
B. Hip joint
C. Sacroiliac joints
D. Symphsis pubis
24. What devices should be used for an axiolateral projection of the hip to equalize density of the hip region
25. What modality is used to assess joint stability during movement of the lower limbs on infants?
26. A geriatric patient with an extremely rotated lower limb may have?
A. Normal hip joint
C. Fractured proximal femur
D. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE)
Fractured proximal femur
27. Which pathologic indications may result in the early fusion of the SI joints
28. Usually consists of numerous small lytic lesions
29. Increased hip joint space and misalignment
30. Bilateral radiolucent lines across bones and misalignment of SI joints.
Pelvic ring fracture
31. Early fusion of SI joints and "bamboo spine"
32. Epiphyses appear shorter and epiphyseal plate wider
33. Hallmark sign of spurring and narrowing of joint space.
34. What indicates that the proximal femurs are in position for a true AP projection
limited visibility of lesser trochanter in profile
35. What is another term for the outlet of the true pelvis?
36. The typical physical sign for a possible hip fracture is the ____ of the involved foot
37. What projection or method is often performed to evaluate a pediatric patient for congenital hip dislocation?
bilateral modified cleaves
38. What type of CR angle is required when using the AP axial for outlet for a male patient?
20 degrees to 35 degrees cephalad
39. How much is the pelvis and/or thorax rotated for a PA axial oblique for acetabulum?
35 - 40 degrees towards affected side
40. What type of CR angle is required for the PA axial
12 degrees cephalad
41. True or false: The unilateral frog-leg projection is intended for non-trauma hip situations.
42. True or false: Centering for the AP pelvis projection is 1 inch superior to the symphysis pubis
43. True or False: the modified axiolateral (clements nakayama method) is classified as a non-trauma lateral hip
44. What type of CR angle is required for the judet method.