Chapter 7 Positioning Femur and Pelvic Girdle

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1

1. List the four bones of the pelvis?

Left hip bone, Right hip bone, Sacrum and coccyx

2

2. List the three divisions of the hip bone?

Illium, Ishium, Pubis

3

3. Innominate bone is another name for?

One half of pelvic girdle, Hip bone, Ossa coxae

4

4. What is the largest foramen in the body?

Obturator foramen

5

5. Which of the following landmarks is not a palpable bony landmark

a. Greater trochanter

b. Lesser trochanter

c. Ischial tuberosity

d. ASIS

Lesser trochanter

6

6. Two aspects of the ischium

Body, Ramus

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7. Imaginary plane that separates the false from the true pelvis?

Brim of the pelvis (pelvic brim)

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8. Lesser pelvis is part of the false or true pelvis?

True pelvis

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9. Supports the lower abdominal organs is part of the false or true pelvis?

False pelvis

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10. Formed primarily by the ala of the ilium is part of the false pelvis or the true pelvis?

False pelvis

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11. Cavity is part of the true or false pelvis?

True pelvis

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12. Greater pelvis is part of the true or false pelvis?

False pelvis

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13. The true or false pelvis forms the actual birth canal?

True pelvis

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14. The true or false pelvis is found below the pelvic rim?

True pelvis

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15. Male or Female pelvis: Heart shaped inlet

Male

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16. Male or Female pelvis: Acute pubic arch (< 90)

Male

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17. Male or Female pelvis: Illiac wings are more flared

Female

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18. Male or Female pelvis: Obtuse pubic arch (> 90)

Female

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19. Male or Female pelvis: Larger and more rounded

Female

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20. Male or Female pelvis: Illiac wings are less flared

Male

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21. Which of the following structures is considered to be the most posterior?

A. Ischial spines

B. ASIS

C. Symphisis Pubis

D. Acetabulum

Ishial Spines

22

22. Small depression near the center of the femoral head where a ligament is attached is called?

Fovea Capitis

23

23. Which joints are a synovial joint but with amphiarthrodial mobility?

A. Union of acetabula

B. Hip joint

C. Sacroiliac joints

D. Symphsis pubis

Sacroiliac joints

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24. What devices should be used for an axiolateral projection of the hip to equalize density of the hip region

compensation filter

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25. What modality is used to assess joint stability during movement of the lower limbs on infants?

Sonography

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26. A geriatric patient with an extremely rotated lower limb may have?

A. Normal hip joint

B. Osteoarthritis

C. Fractured proximal femur

D. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE)

Fractured proximal femur

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27. Which pathologic indications may result in the early fusion of the SI joints

Ankylosing spondylitis

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28. Usually consists of numerous small lytic lesions

Metastatic Carcinoma

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29. Increased hip joint space and misalignment

DDH

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30. Bilateral radiolucent lines across bones and misalignment of SI joints.

Pelvic ring fracture

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31. Early fusion of SI joints and "bamboo spine"

Ankylosing spondylitis

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32. Epiphyses appear shorter and epiphyseal plate wider

SCFE

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33. Hallmark sign of spurring and narrowing of joint space.

Osteoarthritis

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34. What indicates that the proximal femurs are in position for a true AP projection

limited visibility of lesser trochanter in profile

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35. What is another term for the outlet of the true pelvis?

Inferior aperature

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36. The typical physical sign for a possible hip fracture is the ____ of the involved foot

external rotation

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37. What projection or method is often performed to evaluate a pediatric patient for congenital hip dislocation?

bilateral modified cleaves

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38. What type of CR angle is required when using the AP axial for outlet for a male patient?

20 degrees to 35 degrees cephalad

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39. How much is the pelvis and/or thorax rotated for a PA axial oblique for acetabulum?

35 - 40 degrees towards affected side

40

40. What type of CR angle is required for the PA axial

12 degrees cephalad

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41. True or false: The unilateral frog-leg projection is intended for non-trauma hip situations.

True

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42. True or false: Centering for the AP pelvis projection is 1 inch superior to the symphysis pubis

False

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43. True or False: the modified axiolateral (clements nakayama method) is classified as a non-trauma lateral hip

False

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44. What type of CR angle is required for the judet method.

None