Positioning and Draping Flashcards


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created 7 years ago by jennkoot
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intro to physical therapy
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1

Bed Rest

  • Days to weeks of bed rest to heal and recover was fairly common until the 1960s
  • Today bed rest is generally used for patients with critically acute medical conditions and high risk pregnancy
  • rarely lasts more than several hours to a day or so

2

Negative effects of Bed Rest

  • compromised circulation and risk of DVT
  • decreased ventilation and risk of pneumonia
  • Decreased bone density and risk of osteoporosis
  • slowing of body functions (bowel/bladder)
  • loss of flexibility and risk of contractures
  • loss of endurance
  • loss of muscle strength and muscle mass
  • prolonged pressure over bony prominences and risk of pressure ulcers

3
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what position is this?

what are some of the points of pressure related to this position?

what considerations should you have for patients in this position?

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  • Supine-Long Term
  • pillow under knees, back of head, cushion under heels, caution of hyperextension of the knees

4
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what position is this?

what are some of the points of pressure related to this position?

what considerations should you have for patients in this position?

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  • Prone
  • head support, pillow under hips, support to keep toes elevated,

5
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what position is this?

what are some of the points of pressure related to this position?

what considerations should you have for patients in this position?

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  • side lying position
  • helps alleviate pressure on anterior and posterior structures.
  • pillow or cushion b/w knees, under head, possible wedge behind back to prevent from rolls or falling.

6
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WHAT POSITION IS THIS?

This position is halfway between the lateral and prone positions. Reduces pressure of posterior body structures.

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SIMS' POSITION

7
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WHAT POSITION IS THIS?

30-90 degrees; used for general comfort of patient and to improve ventilation. Use with patient's recovering from CV and other types of surgery. Head of bed is elevated 45 degrees

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Fowlers!

8
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WHAT POSITION IS THIS?

  • 30 degrees
  • this position is useful for patients with a variety of medical problems including cardiac, respiratory,m or neurological problems. Often a good position for patients who have a nasogastric tube.

SEMI-FOWLERS!

9
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WHAT POSITION IS THIS?
Promotes venous return and is used with patient's who have hypotension

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TRENDELENBERG!

10
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WHAT POSITION IS THIS?

often used with patients that have GI problems. Helps to reduce or prevent esophageal reflux

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REVERSE TRENDELENBERG

11
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WHAT POSITION IS THIS?

often used for patients who have difficulty breathing; allows chest to expand fully

Orthopneic Position