exercise 17 Flashcards


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created 7 years ago by Naomi_Lopata
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gross anatomy of the brain and cranial nerves
updated 7 years ago by Naomi_Lopata
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anatomy and physiology 1 lab
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1
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a. postcentral gyrus b. parietal lobe c. parieto-occipital

d. occopital lobe e. cerebellum f. precentral gyrus

g. centeral sulcus h. frontal lobe i. lateral sulcus

j. temporal lobe k. pons l. medulla

2

In which of the cerebral lobes is the functional area found?

Auditory cortex:

Temporal

3

In which of the cerebral lobes is the functional area found?

Primary motor cortex:

Frontal

4

In which of the cerebral lobes is the functional area found?

Primary sensory cortex:

Parietal

5

In which of the cerebral lobes is the functional area found?

Olfactory cortex:

Temporal

6

In which of the cerebral lobes is the functional area found?

Visual cortex:

Occipital

7

In which of the cerebral lobes is the functional area found?

Broca's area:

Frontal

8

which of the following structures are not part of the brain stem? ( circle all that apply)

cerebral hemispheres

pons

midbrain

cerebellum

medulla

diencephalon

cerebral hemispheres

cerebellum

diencephalon

9

A(n)________ is an elevated rdige of cerebral tissue

gyrus

10

The convolutions seen in the cerebrum are important because they increase the___________.

surface area

11

Gray matter is composed of __________.

neuron cell body

12

White matter is composed of ________.

axon

13

a fiber tract that provides for communcation between different parts of the same cerebral hemisphere is called a(n)___________.

association tract

14

whereas one that carries impulses from the cerebrum to lower CNS areas is called a(n) __________ tract.

projection tract

15

the caudate,putamen,and globus pallidus are collectively called the ________.

basal nuclei

16
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1. cerebrall hemisphere 2. corpus callosum 3. septum pellucidum

4. fornix 5.interthalamic adhesion 6. hypothalamus

7. optic chiasma 8.mammillary bodies 9. pituitary gland

10. choroid plexus 11. thalamus 12. pineal gland

13. corpora quadrigemina 14. cerebral peduncle 15. cerbral aqueduct

16. fourth ventricle 17. pons 18. cerebellum 19. medulla oblongata

17

site of regulation of body temperature and water balance; most important autonomic center

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hypothalamus

18

consciousness depends on the function of this part of the brain

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choroid plexus

19

located in the midbrain; contains reflex centers of vision and audition

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copora quadrigemina

20

responsible for regulation of posture and coordination of complex muscular movements

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cerebellum

21

important synapse site for afferent fibers traveling to the sensory cortex

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thalamus

22

contains autonomic centers regulating blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory rhythm, as well as coughing, sneezing, and swallowing centers

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medulla oblongata

23

large commissure connecting the cerebral hemispheres

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corpus callosum

24

fibers tract involved with olfaction

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fornix

25

connects the third and fourth ventricles

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cerebral aqueduct

26

encloses the third ventricle

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thalamus

27
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interventricular

28
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lateral ventricle

29
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third ventricle

30
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cerebral aqueduct

31
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median aperture

32
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lateral aperture

33

cerebrospinal fluid flows from the fourth ventricle into the ________ space surrounding the brain and spinal cord.

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subarachnoid space

34

from this space it drains throught ________ into the ________.

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arachnoid villi, dural sinsuses