Understanding Nutrition: Self Assessment 9 Flashcards
Which of the following does not represent a common environmental influence on eating behaviors?
Being in a pleasant atmosphere often lengthens the time of the meal but not the amount of food eaten
Fraudulent weight reduction literature refers to visually apparent, lumpy forms of body fat as
On which organ or tissue does leptin primarily act?
What is the best approach to weight loss?
Reduce daily energy intake & increase energy expenditure
Which of the following describes the research results regarding obese women in weight-loss programs?
They initially expected to lose unrealistic amounts of weight
Bariatrics is a field of medicine that specializes in the treatment of
What percentage of people in the United States who use nonprescrition weight-loss products have a normal weight?
A typical person who burns 200 kcalories during a 2-mile run would, in the postexercise period, burn an additional
A person who weighs 150 lbs. & walks at a pace of 3 miles/hr expends about how many kcalories in that hour?
Jody is taking a nutrition class, and has been assigned to evaluate a popular diet plan. She finds a description of a plan for her assignment in a magazine at the grocery store. Which of the following statements in the magazine would suggest that this plan is an unsound, fad diet?
"Once you complete this 6-month plan, you'll never have to diet again."
Which of the following is a feature of ghrelin?
Its blood concentration is very high in people with anorexia nervosa
The prescription drug sibutramine acts by regulating the utilization of
Which of the following describes a relationship between leptin & energy balance?
Blood levels of leptin usually correlate directly with body fat
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of obese people?
Most weight-loss programs that use state-of-the-art techniques allow for long-term weight loss
Which of the following is a charcteristic of the body's major types of adipose tissue?
Very little brown fat is found in adults whereas more is seen in infants
All of the following are hormones that promote satiety EXCEPT
When consumed in high doses, which of the following is associated with modest weight loss in people?
Your patient, Mr. Sinclair, has a BMI of 43 & is taking drugs to lose weight. He has heard that some drugs cause lots of gastrointestinal discomfort & would prefer to take one that doesn't give him any of these side effects. Which of the following should be prescribed for Mr. Sinclair?
As a general rule, what minimum number of kcalories per day is necessary to ensure nutritonal adequacy in an eating plan for reducing body weight?
An important aid in any weight-loss diet program is to
increase physical activity.
The feeling of satiety from weight-loss diets is best achieved by diets rich in
Approximately what percentage of overweight people who intentionally lose weight are able to maintain the weight loss for at least one year?
To help prevent body fat gain, the DRI suggest daily, moderately intense, physical activites totaling
Kirima is a Native Eskimo who lives in one of the coldest regions in the world. What type of adipose tissue is most effective at helping her maintain warm body temperatures during the coldest parts of the year?
What are the observed effects of sleep deprivation on leptin & ghrelin?
Leptin decreases while ghrelin increases
Which of the following would not be part of a successful program of weight gain in an underweight individual?
Eat a large numver of small meals
Which of the following is a feature of the body's response to engaging in physical activity?
After an intense & vigorous workout, metabolism remains elevated for several hours
What is Prader-Willi syndrome?
A genetic resulting in obesity
Which of the following is a feature of ghrelin?
It stimulates appetite & energy storage
Among the following, which is the most important strategy for an underweight person who wishes to achieve a healthy body weight?
A high-kcalorie diet plus regular exercise
Fad diets often produce weight loss, at least initially, because
they are designed to limit energy intake to around 1200 kcal/day.
The drug sibutramine reduces appetite by affecting
serotonin utiliztion in the brain.
Because obesity apparently has many causes, even in an individual, the best approach seems to be
Which of the following is a relation of "spot reducing" to exercise?
No exercise can targe fat removal from any specific area of the body
Over-the-counter products labeled as "dieter's tea" are reported to lead to
nausea & diarrhea.
Which of the following describes a trend of worldwide obesity?
Prevalence of obesity has leveled out in the last few years
Adverse effects on organs such as the liver from the presence of excess body fat is known as
What is the principal reason that the FDA has banned the sale of products containing ephedrine?
The products were implicated in several cases of heart attacks & seizures.
All of the following are behavior modifications for losing weight EXCEPT
taking smaller portions of food but always eating everything on the plate quickly.
What is the classification of a person who is 6 feet 4 inches tall and 202 lbs?
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