Understanding Nutrition: Self assessment 8 Flashcards
Which of the following my best explain the relationship between excess body fat & higher risk for cancers of the female reproductive sytem?
Excess body fat produces more estrogen, which may promote tumor development
Which of the following is characteristic of the eating pattern of people with bulimia nervosa?
Bing eating typically occurs after a period of strict dieting
Which of the following is a characteristic of excess body fat that is distributed primarily around the abdomen
It is associated with increased mortality for both sexes
What term describes the increase in energy expenditure that occurs in a person who fractures a leg?
You are planning a diet for a hospitalized patient who cannot participate in physical activity because both of his legs are broken & he will be bedridden for 6 weeks. Which of the following would best assess the patient's energy expenditure?
Basal matabolic rate
A person who exhibits a physiological need to eat is most likely experiencing the sensation of
Which of the following factors has the most influence on the body's metaboic rate?
Amount of lean body tissue
To estimate the energy requirements of individuals, which of the following is used in the equations?
Which of the following are all used to compute a woman's BMR?
Body weight, height & age
What is an emetic?
A substance that induces vomiting
Diet recommendations for people with bulimia nervosa include all of the following EXCEPT
eat cold foods to stimulate satiety.
Intra-abdominal fat is the same as
Which of the following describes an association between energy measurement & foods?
The physiological fuel value of a food is almost always lower than the energy value of that food as determined by bomb calorimetry
Which of the following is a feature of the basal metabolic rate (BMR)?
Pregnancy increases the BMR
External cues that may cause an obese person to respond to food tyically include all of the following EXCEPT
The risk for dying prematurely are doubled when the body mass index first rises above
Ben is worried that his family history of heart disease & his BMI of 28 are putting him at very high risk for developing cardiovascular disease. What would a clinician advise Ben to help lower his risk?
Lose weight as it can lower both blood cholesterol & blood pressure
What would be the approximate weight gain of a person who consumes an excess of 500 kcalories daily for one month?
Jim is a 45 year old who eats fast food at least 3 times a week & smokes a pack of a cigarettes each day. He just had a physical examination & was told that his body mass index is 24. In what category would Jim's BMI be classified?
What is the approximate daily basal metabolism of a 110-pound woman?
What term best describes a failure of the body's cells to respond to secretion of insulin?
Research in obese people seems to show that there is less susceptibility to health problems provided that the excess body fat is distributed around the
hips & thighs.
Why does use of the BMI overestimate the prevalence of obesity in the African-American population?
Blacks have denser bones & higher body protein concentrations.
What method is used to measure the amount of heat given off by the body?
Which of the following is a characteristic of people with anorexia nervosa?
Among those who are treated, many relapse into abnormal eating patterns
Typical foods chosen by a person with bulimia nervosa during a binge include all of the following EXCEPT
In what region of the body fat associated with the highest risks for cardiovascular disease & diabetes?
All of the following are characteristics related to the fat content in food EXCEPT
eating high-fat-foods typcally leads to underconsumption of kcalories.
The yearly death toll in the United States from obesity-related diseases is estimated at
Which of the following is NOT a known side effect of having insufficient fat stores?
Elevated body temperature
What is the primary reason for not including the value for adaptive thermogenesis when calculating energy requirements?
It is too variable to measure
Which of the following is a property of specific methods used to assess body fat content?
Bombardment of the body with x-rays can differentiate between fat mass & lean body mass
Which of the following identifies a specific food intake behavior?
A desire to eat without feelings of hunger is called appetite
If a normal 30-year old woman has a daily energy expenditure of 2200 kcalories, what would be her expected output when she reaches 60 years of age?
Which of the following may be used to calculate the amount of energy expended by the body?
After consuming a very large meal, the desire to eat a slice of chocolate cake is an example of behavior known as
An emotionally insecure person might overeat for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
to satisfy energy needs only.
A person who eats in response to arousal is most likely experiencing
What is the main explanation for the difference in basal metabolic rates between males & females of the same body weight?
Males have a higher percentage of lean body mass
Which of the following hormones is most responsible for signaling a satiety as well as reducing food intake during a meal?
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