Understanding Nutrition: Nutrition self assessment 4 Flashcards
Based on height, weight, age & physical activity level, you have calculated that you should be consuming about 2200 kcalories per day. Which of the following portions is closest to the discretionary kcalories allowed in the USDA Food Guide for added sugars in your diet.
15 tsp honey
In which of the following are ample amounts of carbohydrates almost always found?
What is the minimum daily amount of dietary carbohydrate necessary to spare body protein from excessive breakdown?
What type of fiber is readily digested by colonic bacteria?
Which of the following is a feature of kefir?
It contains live bacterial organisms
Approximately how many kcalories are provided by two teaspoons of sugar?
A person diagnosed w/milk allergy would be sensitive to the milk's
What is the name of the animal polysaccharide composed of glucose units?
All of the following are properties of fiber EXCEPT
it elevates blood glucose levels
What is the chief reason that many people w/lactose intolerance can consume food containing some lactose w/out suffering any symptoms?
A change occurs in the GI bacteria
What is the predominant sweetener used in formulating beverages?
High-frctose corn syrup
What is the predominant grain product in much of the South & Central America?
What is another name for lactose?
What are cellulose, pectin, hemicellulose, & lignin?
Glycogen is stored mainly in which of the following tissues?
Muscle & liver
When you are under physical stress, what hormone is released quickly to stimulate an increase in blood glucose concentration?
Which of the following is not a rich source of dietary starch?
Your nephew Jimmy, who is 10 years old, has been giving himself a shot in the thigh every day for the past year. He confides in you that he craves candy but was told by his parents that he can only ear sugar-free snacks. From which fo the follwing conditions does Jimmy most likely suffer?
Type 1 diabetes
In what organ is most of the body's glycogen found?
Characteristics of dietary phytic acid include all of the following EXCEPT
it is classified as a fiber
All of the follwing ar symptoms of lactose intolerance EXCEPT
After you & your friend Dolores share pretzels & animal crackers, she announces that she wants to start digesting her food by watch television. You inform Dolores that
carbohydrate digetion begins in the mouth through the action of amylase, so she has already begun digesting the snacks.
All of the following foods are rich sources of soluble fiber EXCEPT
Among the alternative sweeteners available in the United States, which has a structure that integrates chlorine atoms?
Which of the following is a feature of the pectins?
They are used to thicken jelly
What is the plrimary storage form of carbohydrate in the body?
Which of the following is not classification for the food additives mannitol, sorbitol & xylitol?
What is the first organ to receive carbohydrates absorbed from the intestine?
What is the principle carbohydrate of milk?
What is the primary function of Insulin?
Lowers blood glucose levels
Which of the following is not a simple carbohydrate?
Which of the following is known as blood sugar or dextrose?
Which of the following is not a characteristic of glucose?
It is sweeter tasting than sucrose
What is the DRI for fiber for a person consuming 2500 kcalories?
Water-soluble fibers include all of the following EXCEPT
The chemical reaction by which starch is split into monosaccarides is termed
What is the first organ to respond to an increase in blood glucose concentration?
Which of the following blood glucose concentrations (mg/dL) is most consistent w/hypoglycemia?
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Which of the following is best known to result from regular ingestion of sugar?