Nutrition Final Flashcards
An important role of vitamin K is the synthesis of...?
Which of the following does not describe a function of fat?
best source of energy for the brain
Common symptoms of food-borne illness include:
fever, diarrhea, vomiting
A reduced sense of taste is associated with a deficiency of...?
All of the following are primary functions of protein except to:
Supply more than 40 percent of kcalories in the diet
The main reason for hydrogenating fats is to:
Change a liquid fat to a solid fat
All of the following are good instructions for preventing food-borne illness except?
when shopping, select meat, poultry, or fish first
All of the following are true about "nursing bottle syndrome" except
it is associated with not brushing the infants gums at least 3 times per week.
All of the following are true about folate and pregnancy except
if pregnant women eat folate rich fruits and vegetables as suggested in the MyPyramid Food Plan they cannot meet their folate needs.
Potassium is found in the largest quantities in
fruits and vegetables
All of the following are true of B vitamins except
Are stored in the liver
The incidence of food borne illness is rising because of the following factors except
increased availability of frozen foods
Which of the following is true about carbohydrate digestion?
Carbohydrate digestion is assisted by cooking, which softens tough skins.
Infants need fat because it aids in absorption of several vitamins and helps the ________ to develop
blank: nervous system
Those with lactose intolerance usually can consume all of the following except
milk shakes made with skim milk
Advantages of breastfeeding include all of the following except
promotes infants 20/20 vision
All of the following are poor pregnancy practices except
gaining 25-35 pounds
The safest way to get measurable heart disease risk-reducing benefits from consuming omega-3 fatty acids, would be to:
eat oily fish, such as salmon, 2 times a week
Which of the following is true about the regulation of the production and sale of vitamin and mineral supplements?
the FDA doesn't regulate all vitamin and mineral supplements closely.
All of the following should be ommitted from an infants diet except
All of the following are sources of cholesterol except
If the diet is lacking an essential amino acid, what will be the course of action?
Protein synthesis will be limited
During pregnancy, it is particularly important to make sure to consume adequate
essential fatty acids-- linoleic acid (omega-6) and alpha-linolenic acid (omega-3)
If a person does not eat enough carbohydrate to supply the glucose the body needs, which of the following will happen?
The liver will convert amino acids to glucose
A goiter may form as a consequence of an inadequate intake of
All of the following contribute to the total energy expenditure except
energy content of food
Which of the following is not true of dietary fiber?
They are absorbed in the large intestine.
All of the following are characteristic of Type 2 diabetes except
it's the least common form of diabetes
The best way to treat an underweight person is to advise him or her to:
Eat kcalorie-dense foods higher in vegetable fat like nuts and seeds.
The foundation for a diet that optimizes long-term nutritional health emphasizes all of the following except
refined grain breads and cereals
A mineral other than calcium that is often deficient in adults' diets and is linked to bone health, muscle function, mental health, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes is
All of the following are reasons why the risk of having foodborne illness is increasing except
the increasing use of food irradiation
All of the following practices may help to reduce lead exposure except
using hot instead of cold tap water to prepare foods and beverages
Alzheimer's patients are likely to be helped by all of the following except
limiting sun exposure
The combination of plant foods that most often is used to provide complete protein is
legumes and grains
Food habits of older adults may be influenced by all of the following except
production of melatonin
Which of the following is true about thirst among the elderly
elderly individuals can easily become dehydrated and this can cause confusion
All of the following are true about ground meats except
with proper hand-washing, it is safe to eat raw hamburger
Which of the following statements doesn't describe the role of minerals in the body
they provide 4 kcals per gram
Which of the following is not a function of calcium
Which of the following is not associated with an increase in basal metabolism
A low kcalorie intake
Which of the following is an important aspect of behavior modification used for weight control?
Recording eating behavior to identify situations that contribute to over eating
The main function of glucose is to
Which of the following is true about protein intake during pregnancy?
The RDA for protein increases by about 25 grams per day over that for the nonpregnant state
All of the following are true of high quality protein except
it provides 7kcal/gram of energy
This vitamin, when consumed during pregnancy, can help prevent neural tube defects like spina bifida
All of the following are recommended to help preschoolers eat vegetables except
promise dessert when vegetables are eaten
Acquiring sufficient vitamin B12 from the diet may be a problem to vegans because
their diets lack foods from animal protein
All of the following statements about many popular diets advertised by the media are true except
They help people make permanent changes in eating habits
Which of the following is true about trans fatty acids found in hydrogenated fats?
When consumed, they can raise serum LDL cholesterol