Understanding Nutrition: Self Assesment 19 Flashcards
Which of the following conditions is known to make people more sensitive to experiencing the MSG symptom complex?
What is the name of the rule that modifies the original meaning of the Delaney Clause?
De minimis rule
Sulfites are prohibited additive for refined grain products in the United States because they
All of the follwing are among antioxidant agents used by food processors EXCEPT
Which of the follwing is a feature of irradiated foods?
The irradiation label is not required on comercially prepared foods that contain irradiated ingredients.
Your friend Mark in an avid organic food consumer. He believes that natural fuoods are the only way to avoid the chemicals that farmers "poison" their crops with. You warn Mark that not all natural foods are free from toxins; indeed, that many foods contain naturally occurring toxic substances. The example you provide could be the solanine commonly found in
Approximately how many people each year are affected by Staphylococcus aureus food-borne illness?
What carcinogen is known to be produced when high-carbohydrate foods are cooked at high temperatures?
What is the leading cause of food contamination in the United States?
Food poisoning from microbes
What is the term that describes the allowance of most additives in foods at levels 100 times below the lowest level known to cause any harmful effects?
Margin of Safety
What term is used to describe the highest level of pesticide that is allowed in a food when the pesticide is used according to label directions?
What is meant by potatoe water?
Water fit for drinking
Clostridium botulinum poisoning is a hazard associated with
Improperly canned vegetables.
All the follwing are characteristic of oysters in the diet EXCEPT
They are the primary factor in traveler's diarrhea
Common foods approved for irradiation include all of the following EXCEPT
Improvements in nutrient composition, such as when corn is genetically modified to contain higher amounts of its limiting amino acids, is a strategy known as
The FDA considers the amount of pesticide intake to be acceptable if daily intake ingested over a lifetime appears to be
w/out appreciable risk
All of the following are characteristics of raw oyster consumption EXCEPT
Freezing for 24 hours kills the hepatitis virus
Which of the following is a characteristic of meat contamination?
Consumers are not able to detect the presence of harmful bacteria by odor or taste
Which of the following is a feature of bovine growth hormone used in the United States?
If consumed from foods, it is denatured by enzymes in the GI tract
A feature of sulfite food additives is that they
are frequently used in wines
Of the amount of pesticides considered acceptable (safe) for humans consumption, approximately what percent is actually ingested by people in the United States?
High intakes of aspartame are known to
decrease the threshold for seizures in epilepsy
Caffeine is permitted as a food additive because it is part of the
What happens when beverages containing aspartame are stored at warm temperatures for prolonged periods?
Methanol is produced
What fraction of reported foodborne illnesses can be attributed to the food industry?
Which of the following is a feature of hormones used in food production?
Hormone-treated cattle result in leaner meats
Which of the following is a feature of bottled waters that are sold to consumers?
Bottled water is classified as a food & is regulated by the FDA
What category is assigned to additives put in foods after a rational decision-making process?
The extent to which an environmental contaminant becomes harmful is dependent primarily on its
What additive common to Asian foods is thought to be associated with acute, temporary intolerance reactions?
In searching for a recipe for homemade jelly, you come across a recipe by a notable food scientist, who emphasizes the importance of the correct amount of sugar in the jelly as it serves as the product's antimicrobial agent. What is the rationale behind this statement?
Sugar captures water & makes it unavailable for microbes.
Among food-borne infections, what organisms are the: chief cause of illness/chief cause of death?
Which of the following is a property of chlorination of the public water system?
It is associated w/an increase in bladder cancer
What is the largest single group of food additives?
Which of the following is the most appropriate method to thaw a turkey?
In the refrigerator
What vitamin undergoes the most destruction in foods preserved w/sulfites?
Which of the following is the major food source for transmission of Campylobacter jejuni?
Thank you for using my notecards; all I ask is that you create a set of notecards to help others.
Chemistry & Microbiology notecards would be great :-)
~jmata 2012 Nutrition 12th edition~
Which of the following is a feature of an organic halogen?
Which of the following is a characteristic of solanine?
It is not destroyed by cooking