AST Practice Exam #1
Which of the following structures is located in the alveolar processes?
Which of the following is the wound classification for a bronchoscopy?
Class V: Unclassified
The enzyme used to soften the zonules of the lens before cataract surgery is?
How should the stretcher be oriented when necessary to use an elevator to transport a patient to the or?
enter head first, exit feet first
Which of the following is a curved transverse incision across the lower abdomen frequently used in gynecological surgery?,
When perforated metal trays are placed on the shelves of the steam sterilizing cart they should be positioned?,
Hyperkalemia is a high concentration of?
Which of the following tissues are cut using curved Mayo scissors?
Which laser beam can travel through clear tissues without heating them?
Permission for treatment given with full knowledge of the risks is a/an?
Which portion of the stomach surrounds the lower esophageal sphincter?
Low level disinfectants kill most microbes but do not destroy?,
Syndactyl refers to?
The surgical pack utilized to create the sterile field should be opened on the?
The islets of Langerhans secrete?
What type of procedure would involve the removal of teeth?
Which organism is a normal resident flora of the intestinal tract?
Where should the first scrub surgical technologist stand when handing towels to the surgeon to square off an incision site?
same side as surgeon
A properly performed surgical scrub renders the skin?
Through which of the following do the common bile duct and the pancreatic duct empty?
Ampulla of Vater
Which of the following identifiers must be verified by the patient or their ID bracelet prior to transporting a patient to the OR?
name, date of birth, physician
What are spiral shaped bacteria called?
The primary function of the gallbladder is to?
Which of the following is a non sterile member of the surgical team?
Which of the following is not a benefit of using surface mounted sliding doors for access to the operating room?
aid in controlling temperature
What are the three factors for reducing ionizing radiation exposure?
time, shielding, distance
Which is the first part of the small intestine?
What is the surgical position frequently used for patients undergoing kidney surgery?
How are rickettsiae transmitted?
Which of the following is an examination of the cervix using a binocular microscope?
Compression of the heart from excessive fluid or blood buildup is called?
Which surgical team member determines when the patient can be transported from the OR to the PACU?
Which suffix means surgical puncture to remove fluid?
To which portion of the colon is the appendix attached?
Which laboratory test determines bacterial identification?
Medication used to dilate the pupil is called?
Which of the following drapes is non fenestrated?
Under what circumstances would it be appropriate to remove a patient's identification bracelet?
never until patient is discharged from facility
What is the position most commonly used for mitral valve replacement?
Which laser is best used during a vitrectomy?
Which of the following monitors provides positive assurance of sterility?
The apron like structure attached to the greater curvature of the stomach is the?
Which microbes live without oxygen?
Which of the following is an abnormal tract between two epithelium lined surfaces that is open at both ends?
What is the action of antagonist drugs?
counteract the action of another drug
Which of the following directional terms describes the type of skin prep of an entire extremity?
What organs are excised is an ovarian tumor is malignant?
bilateral fallopian tubes and ovaries, uterus
Which term refers to an abnormal thoracic curve of the spine referred to as "hunchback?"
What is the medical term for a bunion?
What incision is also known as a lower oblique?
The small intestine attaches to the posterior abdominal wall by the?
What is the term for a relationship in which two organisms occupy the same area and one organism benefits while the other is unharmed?
A topical steroid used to reduce inflammation after eye surgery is?
How is the surgical informed consent signed if an adult patient is illiterate?
patient marks with an "X" and witness verifies
What direction should the stretcher be oriented when transporting a patient to the OR department?
feet first, side rails up
Which of the following routine preoperative laboratory studies would be ordered for premenopausal women with no history of hysterectomy?
Which portion of the surgical gown is considered non sterile?
upper arms, neckline and axillary region
What is the name of the urinary catheter with a small curved tapered tip used on patients with urethral strictures?,
What is the surgical position commonly used for thyroid and gallbladder surgery?
A congenital defect in which the fetal blood vessel between the pulmonary artery and aorta does not close is?
patent ductus arteriosus
Which of the following is a commonly used preservative for tissue specimens?
What is the first step taken for an incorrect sponge count?
The mumps may be diagnosed by finding inflammation in which of the following glands?
What institutional document is completed when an adverse or unusual event takes place in the OR that may have legal consequences for the staff or patient?
For which procedure would Trendelenburg position provide optimal visualization?
Which of the following is a nonadherent dressing?
Which of the following is a fenestrated drape?
Which of the following terms describes a hernia that occurs within Hesselbach's triangle?
Which of the following incisions is oblique?
Which of the following dilators are used in the common duct?
Which of the following is a mechanical method of hemostasis?
The organ that is connected by a duct to the duodenum is the?
A brain tumor causing alteration of muscle tone voluntary muscle coordination, gait and balance would likely be located in the?,
What is the term for a relationship that benefits one organism at the expense of another?
What type of disease is characterized by rapid onset and a rapid recovery?
Which organelle is responsible for the production of energy?
What type of anesthesia is a combination of inhalation and intravenous drugs?
Who is ultimately responsible for obtaining the surgical informed consent?
What position is most commonly used for neurosurgical procedures?
The outer layer of the intestine is the?
Which of the following solutions should be used to prep the donor site for a split thickness skin graft?
What type of drape would be used for a flank procedure?
Where should the safety strap be placed on a patient who is in the supine position?
over the thighs
Which surgical procedure is performed to correct an abnormality in which the urethral meatus is situated on the superior aspect of the penis?
Which thermal method of hemostasis utilizes intense focused light?,
What is the most common cause of intracerebral hemorrhage?
The larynx is located between the?
pharynx and trachea
The most common cause of retinal detachment is?
What postoperative complication is associated with total hip arthroplasty?
Which of the following is a type of passive drain?
The vocal cords are located in the?
What type of acquired immunity is a vaccination?
When would the anesthesia provider request cricoid pressure?
Which instrument would be used during a keratoplasty to remove the cornea?
What is the required minimum number of individuals to transfer an incapacitated patient from the OR table to the stretcher?
Which of the following regulations states that blood and body fluids should be considered infectious?
Which of the following is a major source of distress for toddler and preschool age patients being transported to the operating room?
Which structure has oral nasal, and laryngeal divisions?,
Otoplasty is performed to correct a congenital deformity of which structure?
An injury a patient sustains as a result of the care given by a healthcare professional is called?
The highly vascular layer of the eye that absorbs light rays and nourishes the retina is the?
According to Maslow's hierarchy of needs which of the following is the patient satisfying when he/she trusts the surgical team's abilities?,
Which aneurysm usually develops between the renal and iliac arteries?
The agent used to flush an artery to prevent clotting is?
What is the next step for reattachment of a severed digit after debridement?
bone to bone fixation
What type of skin graft includes the epidermis and all of the dermis?
Which muscle type is striated and voluntary?
Which of the following terms refers to absence of the external ear?
What is the recommended maximum time limit for a tourniquet to remain inflated on an adult lower extremity?
1 1/2 hours (90 minutes)
Which organism causes gas gangrene?
Chest rolls should span the distance bilaterally between which two anatomical structures?
acromioclavicular joint to iliac crest
Which ossicle of the middle ear covers the oval window?
What is another name for the Kraske position?
What type of sponge is tightly rolled cotton tape used by surgeons for blunt dissection?
Which of these instruments would be used during a keratoplasty?
A partially dislocated joint is called?
What condition is characterized by build up of fatty deposits such as cholesterol?
Plaster rolls for casting should be submerged in which of the following?
The avascular clear portion of the eye covering the iris is the?,
How often should surgical masks be changed?
after each case
Which term describes a rod shaped microorganism?
When using the warm cycle of the EtO sterilizer what is the minimum sterilization temperature in Fahrenheit?,
Which of the following actions would be a violation of aseptic technique?
repositioning penetrating towel clip
Which legal principle applies when the patient is given the wrong dose of the local anesthetic?
res ipsa loquitor (thing speaks for its self)
The space between the vocal cords is called the?
Which bacteria could be found in a penetrating wound caused by a rusty nail?
Which of the following retractors is used for spinal nerve roots?
What is another name for the electrosurgical unit's patient return electrode?
What size of Foley catheter is commonly used for adults?
Which of the following tumors is typically benign encapsulated, and arises from tissue covering the central nervous system structures?,
The fibrous white layer that gives the eye its shape is the?
What is the term for thread like appendages that provide bacteria with motion?
What surgical position provides optimal visualization of the lower abdomen or pelvis?
How many hours must an item submerse in glutaraldehyde to sterilize?
When a patient's blood pressure is 135/81 135 refers to?,
A term referring to a waxy secretion in the external ear canal is?
Which of the following is an ossicle of the middle ear?
What is the term for the process of removing blood from an extremity prior to inflating the pneumatic tourniquet?
Which of the following may require probing and dilating in pediatric patients with upper respiratory infections?
Which surgical team member is responsible for setting up the sterile field?
In what circumstances would cell saver transfusion be contraindicated?
Use of an intraluminal (circular) stapler (EEA) would be indicated for which of the following surgical procedures?
Satinsky Herrick, and Mayo clamps may be specifically used on which of the following structures?,
The nasal cavity is divided into two portions by the?
Which of the following is used by the surgeon to intermittently remove prostatic tissue fragments during a TURP?
Which type of hematoma is a result of torn bridging meningeal veins?
In addition to temperature time and moisture, what is the fourth factor that determines the outcome of the steam sterilization process?,
The bowie dick test is performed?
The spiral conical structure of the inner ear is the?,
What is the name of the condition in which a loop of bowel herniates into the Douglas's cul-de-sac?
Which of these conditions is characterized by a fleshy encroachment of conjunctiva onto the cornea?
Which procedure would be listed in the OR schedule for a patient undergoing surgical treatment of uterine fibroids?
Where is a Baker's cyst located?
Which of the following is a method of high level disinfection?
2% glutaraldehyde for 20 minutes
Another name for the tympanic membrane is the?
What is the burn degree classification that involves the epidermis and subcutaneous tissue?
Which portion of the ear is affected by Meniere's syndrome?
The cartilaginous nasal septum is anterior to which bone?
The most reliable method for determining the efficiency of moist heat sterilizers is the controlled use of biological indicators containing the organism?
Which neurosurgical pathology would a myelogram diagnose?
Which of the following terms means a prolapsed bladder causing a bulge in the anterior vaginal wall?
How many hours must the steam sterilization biological indicator incubate?
The nasal sinus located between the nose and the orbits is the?
What is the definition of otosclerosis?
bony overgrowth of stapes
Which of the following terms describes a fracture in which the bone penetrates the skin?
For which of the following procedures would a McBurney incision be indicated?
What degrees Celsius is the steam sterilization biological indicator incubated?
What is the medical term for removal of the uterus?
Which of the following methods removes small organic particles and soil from the box locks and ratchets of instruments?
What is the medical term for nosebleed?
What is the proper method for preparing a Frazier suction tip for steam sterilization?
distilled water in lumen
Which of the following is a telescoping of the intestines in neonates requiring immediate surgical intervention?
The minimum Fahrenheit temperature for sterilization to occur in a prevacuum steam sterilizer is?
What is the name of the procedure for the excision of the tunica vaginalis?
What is the minimum number of minutes to sterilize unwrapped metal instruments with lumens in the gravity displacement sterilizer at 270 degrees F?