The 13 Vitamins and Their Functions Flashcards


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created 12 years ago by SAT_ACT_guy
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Each vitamin is typically used in multiple reactions, and, therefore, most have multiple functions. Vitamins are classified as either water-soluble or fat-soluble. In humans there are 13 vitamins: 4 fat-soluble (A, D, E, and K) and 9 water-soluble (8 B vitamins and vitamin C).
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health, nutrition, supplements
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1

A (retinol)

Supports vision, skin, bone and tooth growth, immunity and reproduction

2

B1 (thiamin)

Supports energy metabolism and nerve function

3

B2 (riboflavin)

Supports energy metabolism, normal vision and skin health

4

B3 (niacin)

Supports energy metabolism, skin health, nervous system and digestive system

5

B5 (pantothenic acid)

Supports energy metabolism

6

B6 (pyridoxine)

Amino acid and fatty acid metabolism, red blood cell production

7

B7 (biotin)

Energy metabolism, fat synthesis, amino acid metabolism, glycogen synthesis

8

B9 (folic acid)

Supports DNA synthesis and new cell formation

9

B12 (cyanocobalamin)

Used in new cell synthesis, helps break down fatty acids and amino acids, supports nerve cell maintenance

10

C (ascorbic acid)

Collagen synthesis, amino acid metabolism, helps iron absorption, immunity, antioxidant

11

D (cholecalciferol)

Promotes bone mineralization

12

E (tocopherols)

Antioxidant, regulation of oxidation reactions, supports cell membrane stabilization

13

K (phylloquinone)

Synthesis of blood-clotting proteins, regulates blood calcium