Chapter 27 The Reproductive System

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Reproductive System
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1

When meiosis takes place in the testes, the process is called oogenesis

False

2

Which tube carries sperm from the scrotum to the abdominopelvic cavity?
A. Epididymis
B. Ejaculatory Duct
C. Ductus Deferens
D. Urethra

C. Ductus Deferens

3

Which of the following is found in the scrotum?
A. Epididymis
B. Ejaculatory Duct
C. Seminal Vesicles
D. Bulbourethral Gland

A. Epididymis

4

This gland is located just inferior to the urinary bladder
A. Bulbourethral
B. Prostate
C. Seminal Vesicle
D. Cowper's

B. Prostate

5

Which of the following is not an accessory organ in male reproductive system?
A. Bulbourethral Gland
B. Prostate Gland
C. Seminal Vesicle
D. Epididymis

D. Epididymis

6

All of the following are secondary sex characteristics of the male except..
A. Facial Hair
B. Enlargement of the Larynx
C. Spermatogenesis
D. Hair growth on the chest

C. Spermatogenesis

7

Where in the body are sperm stored?
A. Testis
B. Epididymis
C. Prostate
D. Seminal Vesicle

B. Epididymis

8

Where do sperm acquire their motility?
A. Testis
B. Vas deferens
C. Epididymis
D. Uterine Tube

C. Epididymis

9

Spermatogenesis require which of the following hormones?
A. LH
B. FSH
C. Testosteron
D. All three are necessary for spermatogenesis

D. All three are necessary

10

Erection in male is controlled by the ________ nervous system, while ejaculation is controlled by the _________ nervous system.
A. Voluntary; Sympathetic
B. Voluntary; Parasympathetic
C. Parasympathetic; Sympathetic
D. Sympathetic; Parasympathetic

C. Parasympathetic; Sympathetic

11

In human male, sperm cells are produced in
A. Interstitial tissue
B. Urethra
C. Seminiferous tubules
D. Seminal Vesicles

C. Seminiferous tubules

12

The male sex hormones are secreted by which of the following?
A. Seminiferous tubules
B. Interstitial cells
C. Vas deferens
D. Prostate

B. Interstitial cells

13

Which hormone targets sustentacular cells to promote spermatogenesis
A. LH
B. FSH
C. GH
D. Both A and B
E. Both B and C

B. FSH

14

Which is the erectile tissue in male external genitalia
A. Corpora Cavernosa
B. Corpus Spongiosum
C. Corpus Albicans
D. Both A and B

D. Both A and B

15

Which is an accessory gland in male reproductive system
A. Cowper's glands
B. Seminal Vesicles
C. Granulosa Cells
D. Both A and B
E. All of these

D. Both A and B

16

How many pairs of chromosomes are there in human somatic cells?
A. 21
B. 23
C. 32
D. 46

C. 23

17

As means of birth control in male, normally what duct is cut or ligated by a surgeon?

Ductus deferens

18

When meiosis and formation of the egg takes place in the ovaries

Oogenesis

19

The superior portion of the uterus is called the
A. Isthmus
B. Cervix
C. Ampulla
D. Fundus

D. Fundus

20

Where are fimbriae located?
A. Uterus
B. Ovary
C. Uterine tubes
D. Vulva

C. Uterine tubes

21

The uterus si anchored to the anterior body wall by the..
A. Broad ligament
B. Suspensory ligament
C. Mesometrium
D. Round ligament

D. Round ligament

22

Ovulation is stimulated by which hormone?
A. FSH
B. LH
C. Estrogen
D. Progesterone

B. LH

23

Fertilization occurs in the..
A. Ovary
B. Uterine tube
C. Uterus
D. Vagina

B. Uterine tube

24

Immediately after ovulation, estrogen and progesterone are secreted by the
A. Developing follicle
B. Corpus albicans
C. Corpus luteum
D. Endometrium

C. Corpus luteum

25

During normal menstrual cycle, when the levels of progesterone and estrogen decrease, what will occur?
A. Fertilization
B. Menstruation
C. Amenorrhea
D. Ovulation

B. Menstruation

26

In a nursing mother, the milk is stored in the..
A. Areola
B. Alveolar glands
C. Lactiferous ducts
D. Lactiferous sinus

D. Lactiferous sinus

27

Which of the following has a very acidic pH?
A. Testis
B. Vagina
C. Uterus
D. Ejaculatory duct

B. Vagina

28

Tetrads are visible in what type of cell division

Meiosis

29

During which event the product is two diploid daughter cell

Mitosis

30

As the result of which event the new daughter cell are genetically identical

Mitosis

31

During which event the product is four haploid daughter cell

Meiosis

32

Which event occurs only in gonads

Meiosis

33

During which event the homologues synapse and chiasmata are seen?

Meiosis

34

Proliferativeor rebuilding of the functional layer of the endometrium is under the influence of..

Estrogen

35

The soft mucosal lining of the interior uterus is the..
A. Mesoderm
B. Endoderm
C. Myometrium
D. Endometrium

D. Endometrium

36

The stimulus for secretion of testosterone in male is the hormone..
A. Androgen
B. Progesterone
C. LH
D. FSH

C. LH

37

Within each testes, the interstitial cells produce the hormone
A. FSH
B. Estrogen
C. LH
D. Testosterone

D. Testosterone

38

It is necessary for the testes to be kept a few degrees above body temperature for sufficient sperm production

False

39

Fertilization generally occurs in the
A. Ovary
B. Uterus
C. Vagina
D. Fallopian Tubes

D. Fallopian Tubes

40

Human gamete contain how many chromosomes?
A. 13
B. 23
C. 36
D. 46
E. 23 pairs

B. 23

41

The site of normal fetal development is the
A. Fallopian Tube
B. Uterus
C. Isthmus
D. Peritoneum

B. Uterus

42

The end product of meiosis is how many daughter cells?
A. Two diploid daughter cells
B. Two haploid daughter cells
C. Four diploid daughter cells
D. Four haploid daughter cells

D. Four haploid daughter cells

43

A sudden surge in LH secretion causes the
A. Onset of menses
B. Rupture of the follicular wall and ovulation
C. Beginning of the proliferative phase
D. End of the Uterine cycle

B. Rupture of the follicular wall and ovulation

44

The principal hormone of the postovulatory phase is
A. Progesterone
B. Estradiol
C. Estrogen
D. Luteinizing Hormone

A. Progesterone

45

Difficulty of urination in a 75 year old male is most likely due to the enlargement of..
A. Cowper's gland
B. Seminal vesicles
C. Prostate gland
D. Enlargement

C. Prostate Gland

46

The corpus luteum only secretes progesterone

False

47

The portion of the uterine endometrium that is not sloughed off every month is the
A. Stratum functionalis
B. Stratum basalis
C. Myometrium
D. Perimetrium

A. Stratum functionalis

48

The Pap smear is a test to detect cancerous changes in cells of the

Cervix

49

Ovulation occurs near the end of the ovarian cycle

False

50

Which of the following glands are responsible for 60% of the synthesis of semen
A. Seminal vesicle
B. Bulbourethral glands
C. Prostate
D. Pituitary

A. Seminal Vesicle

51

The structures that draw an ovulated oocyte into the female duct system are

Cilia and Fimbriae

52

The male homologue of the female clitoris is the

Penis

53

Which of the following is correct relative to female anatomy?
A. The vaginal orifice is the most dorsal of the three openings in the perineum
B. The urethra is between the vaginal orifice and the anus
C. The anus is between the vaginal orifice and the urethra
D. The urethra is the more ventral of the two orifices in the vulva

D. The urethra is the more ventral of the two orifices in the vulva

54

Secondary sex characteristics are
A. Present in the embryo
B. A result of male or female sex hormones increasing in amount at puberty
C. the testis in the male and the ovary in the female
D. Not subject to withdrawal once established

B. A result of male or female sex hormones increasing in amount at puberty

55

Which will occur as a result of non descent of the testes?
A. Male sex hormone will circulated in the body
B. Sperm will have no means of exit from the body
C. Inadequate blood supply will retard the development of the testes
D. Viable sperm will not be produced

D. Viable sperm will not be produced

56

The normal diploid number of human chromosomes

46

57

Synapsis and crossover of homologues occur

Meiosis

58

Occurs throughout life

Mitosis

59

Menstrual cycle phases

Menstrual
Proliferative
Secretory

60

Spermatozoa are to seminiferous tubules as oocytes are to

Ovarian follicles

61

Which of the following does not add to secretion that makes a major contribution to semen?
A. Prostate
B. Bulbourethral glands
C. Testes
D. Vas Deferens

D. Vas deferens

62

The corpus luteum is formed at the site of..
A. Fertilization
B. Ovulation
C. Menstruation
D. Implantation

B. Ovulation

63

The sex of a child is determined by..
A. The sex chromosome contained in the sperm
B. The sex chromosome contained in the oocyte
C. The number of sperm fertilizing the oocyte
D. The position of the fetus in the uterus

A. The sex chromosome contained in the sperm