Psych 2700 Ch. 16

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1

Statistical deviance from the norm, maladaptive, and personal distress are three critical elements for determining if a behavior is abnormal.

True

2

Attempted suicide is a DSM-IV criteria for major depressive disorder.

False

3

According to the diathesis/stress model, psychopathology is due solely to genetic factors.

False

4

In general, autistic children are very intelligent but they simply cannot interact socially in a normal fashion.

False

5

Asperger syndrome is a type of autism spectrum disorder.

True

6

The extreme male brain hypothesis is BEST associated with explaining the cause of Asperger syndrome.

True

7

The executive function theory suggests that autism occurs as the result of a hyperactive prefrontal lobe.

False

8

Failure to thrive can result in death.

True

9

Hitting is a good example of an internalizing problem.

False

10

Fidgeting is BEST associated with the inattention component of ADHD.

False

11

Comorbidity is characterized by having a single, extremely damaging form of mental illness.

False

12

According to the Multimodal Treatment of ADHD study, the most effective ADHD treatment program relies exclusively on the use of drugs.

False

13

Children as young as two or three years are capable of attempting suicide.

True

14

Anorexia is more common than bulimia.

False

15

A defining feature of anorexia nervosa is a binge-purge syndrome pattern.

False

16

Females are more likely to commit suicide than males.

False

17

Adult females are more likely to be diagnosed with depression than adult males.

True

18

Becoming senile is a normal part of the aging process.

False

19

The brain of an individual with Alzheimer’s disease will show excessive amounts of beta-amyloids and neurofibrillary tangles.

True

20

Delirium is a reversible condition involving a disturbance of consciousness.

True

21

The current American Psychiatric Association text used to diagnose psychological disorders is known by the abbreviation _____.

DSM-IV

22

Fatigue, insomnia, sluggishness, feelings of extreme guilt, and recurrent death thoughts are all diagnostic criteria for major _____ disorder.

depressive

23

Expectations on how one is to act in a particular cultural context are called _____ norms.

social

24

The _____-stress model views the cause of psychological disorders in terms of an interaction between genetic and environmental factors.

diathesis

25

Deviant social development, deviant language and communicative skills, and repetitive, stereotyped behavior are the diagnostic criteria for _____.

autism

26

_____ syndrome is a type of autism spectrum disorder in which a child has normal intelligence and good verbal skills, but lacks social skills.

Asperger

27

The _____ dysfunction hypothesis states that autism is due to damage in the prefrontal cortex that limits a person’s ability to plan, show flexibility in decision making, and inhibit actions that have already begun.

executive

28

Bodily symptoms like loss of appetite and disruption of normal sleep patterns are also referred to as _____ symptoms

somatic

29

_____ problems are also called undercontrolled disorders and involve acting out.

Externalizing

30

Overcontrolled disorders involving inner distress are referred to as _____ problems.

internalizing

31

The _____ symptom of ADHD involves acting before thinking and the inability to inhibit an urge

impulsivity

32

The simultaneous existence of two or more mental health conditions in the same person is called _____.

comorbidity

33

Selective reuptake inhibitors like Prozac are MOST LIKELY to be used to treat people diagnosed with _____.

depression

34

_____ literally means “nervous loss of appetite.”

Anorexia nervosa

35

_____ is an eating disorder also known as “binge-purge syndrome.”

Bulimia nervosa

36

_____ coping involves dwelling on a problem in an attempt to analyze the problem.

Ruminative

37

_____ is the technical term for senility.

Dementia

38

_____ disease is characterized by a buildup of beta-amyloids and neurofibrillary tangles.

Alzheimer’s

39

_____ dementia is characterized by a series of strokes and is also known as multi-infarct dementia.

Vascular

40

_____ refers to a reversible disturbance of consciousness characterized by wandering attention, confusion, and hallucinations.

Delirium