Psych Ch. 14 Flashcards


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1

An attachment is a strong affectional tie that binds a person to an intimate companion.

True

2

According to Bowlby’s attachment theory, infants form internal working models through their interactions with caregivers, and these guide expectations about future interactions.

True

3

A peer is defined as someone of equal age.

False

4

Harris argued that parents are not given enough credit for shaping the development of their children.

False

5

Embarrassment is a good example of a self-conscious emotion.

True

6

A key characteristic of synchronized routines involves taking turns in response to each other’s leads

True

7

Bowlby suggested that the first phase of attachment formation involves active proximity seeking.

False

8

Separation anxiety generally appears before stranger anxiety.

True

9

A resistant attachment is characterized by a great deal of infant anxiety and ambivalence to the attached caregiver.

True

10

A resistant attachment is characterized by a great deal of infant anxiety and ambivalence to the attached caregiver.

True

11

Contact comfort involves pleasant auditory stimulation.

False

12

Infants who are socially deprived over a long time period can easily recover from any negative effects of this deprivation once they are given attention.

False

13

Onlooker play involves active interest and talking, but no direct participation with another child.

True

14

Sociometric techniques are typically used to assess infant-caregiver attachment.

False

15

Controversial children are both liked and disliked by many children.

True

16

Adolescent friendships are characterized by increasing intimacy and self-disclosure.

True

17

Social networks tend to proceed from crowds in late childhood to unisexual cliques in later adolescence.

True

18

The bonding phase of adolescent romantic relationships is characterized by a focus on one’s self.

False

19

According to the socioemotional selectivity theory, social networks tend to expand dramatically between young and older adulthood.

False

20

Attachment styles appear to have no real impact on adjustment in old age.

False

21

_____ is an innate form of learning in which an animal will follow a moving object.

Imprinting

22

Infants appear to construct a cognitive representation of themselves that is referred to as an _____ working model.

internal

23

A _____ is a social equal who functions at a similar level of behavioral complexity.

peer

24

Emotional _____ is the process by which you initiate, maintain, and alter emotional responses.

regulation

25

Two-year-old Roger becomes very upset when approached by an unfamiliar person. This common reaction is called _____ anxiety.

stranger

26

One-year-old Burt becomes very upset whenever his mommy leaves the room. This common reaction is called _____ anxiety.

separation

27

The _____ test is the most famous procedure for assessing the quality of attachments

Strange Situation

28

Most infants are classified as having a _____ attachment to their caregiver.

secure

29

The _____ style of attachment is most commonly seen in infants who have been physically abused or maltreated.

disorganized-disoriented

30

Inconsistent parenting is BEST associated with a child who displays Ainsworth’s _____ attachment style.

resistant

31

During _____ play, children play next to each other and do the same thing, yet do not interact with each other.

parallel

32

A child engaged in _____ play uses an object or themselves to stand for something or someone else.

pretend

33

On sociometric measures, _____ individuals are liked by most and rarely disliked.

popular

34

On sociometric measures, _____ individuals are neither liked nor disliked.

neglected

35

A _____ is generated by the merging of several heterosexual cliques.

crowd

36

Dunphy used the term _____ when referring to small, same-sex friendship groups formed in late childhood.

clique

37

Individuals in Brown’s _____ phase of adolescent romantic relationships first begin to focus on the relationship rather than their self or peer-group acceptance.

affection

38

A social support group that follows an individual across their lifetime is referred to as a social _____.

convoy

39

Socioemotional _____ theory explains the shrinking social networks in aging adults as involving a choice designed to meet their emotional needs.

selectivity

40

Adults with a _____ working model resemble infants with disorganized-disoriented attachments in that they need social relationships but lack a coherent strategy for meeting their attachment needs.

fearful