HESI A2 Vocabulary- Chapter 3

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3rd edition -2013 Book- Complete Vocabulary List from book (See Vocabulary Quiz to complete chapter) ~HESI Hint~ (Being able to use a wide range of vocabulary skills correctly is considered by some experts to be the best measure of adult IQ.)
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1

Abrupt

Sudden

2

Abstain

To voluntarily refrain from something

3

Access

A means to obtain entry or a means of approach.

4

Accountable

Responsible

5

Adhere

To hold fast or stick together.

6

Adverse

Undesired, possibly harmful

7

Affect

Appearance of observable emotions

8

Annual

Occurring every year

9

Apply

To place, put on, or spread something

10

Audible

Able to be heard

11

Bilateral

Present on two sides

12

Cardiac

of of relating to the heart

13

Cast

Hard protective device applied to protect a broken bone while the bone heals

14

Cavity

An opening or an empty area

.

15

Cease

Come to an end or bring to an end.

res.

16

Compensatroy

Offsetting or making up for something.

17

Complication

An undesired problem that is the result of some other event.

18

Comply

Do as directed.

19

Concave

Rounded inward.

.

20

Concise

Brief, to the point.

21

Consistency

Degree of viscosity; how thick or thin a fluid is.

22

Constrict

To draw together or become smaller.

23

Contingent

Dependent.

24

Contour

Shape or outline of a shape.

25

Contract

To draw together, to reduce in size.

26

Contraindication

A reason why something is not advisable or why it should not be done.

27

Defecate

Expel feces.

28

Deficit

A deficiency or lack of something.

29

Depress

Press downward.

30

Depth

Downward measurement from a surface.

31

Deteriorating

Worsening

32

Diagnosis

Identification of an injury or disease.

33

Diameter.

The distance across the center of an object.

34

Dilate

To enlarge or expand

35

Dilute

To make a liquid less concentrated.

36

Discrete

Distinct, separate.

37

Distended

Enlarged or expanded from pressure.

Ex. When a blood vessel is distended, the laboratory technician can easily insert a needle to obtain a blood sample.

38

Dysfunction

Impaired or abnormal functioning.

39

Evalte

To lift up or place in a higher position.

40

Endogenous

Produced within the body

41

Exacerbate

To make worse or more severe.

42

Excess

More than what is needed or usual.

43

Exogenous

Produced outside the body

44

Expand

To increase in size or amount.

45

Exposure

Contact

46

External

Located outside the body.

47

Fatal

Resulting in death.

48

Fatigue

Extreme tiredness, exhaustion.

49

Flaccid

Limp, lacking tone.

50

Flushed

Reddened or Ruddy appearance.

51

Gaping

Wide open.

52

Gastrointestinal

Of or relating to the stomach and the intestines.

53

Gender

Sex of an individual, as in male or female.

54

Hematologic

Of or relating to blood

55

Hydration

Maintenance of body fluid balance.

56

Hygiene

Measures contributing to cleanliness and good health.

57

Impaired

Diminished or lacking some usual quality or level.

58

Impending

Likely to occur soon.

59

Incidence

Occurence

60

Infection

Contamination or invasion of body tissue by pathogenic organisms.

61

Inflamed

Reddened, swollen, warm, and often tender.

62

Ingest

To swallow for digestion.

63

Initiate

To begin or put into practice.

64

Insidious

So gradual as to not become apparent for a long time.

65

Intact

In place, unharmed.

66

Internal

Located within the body.

67

Invasive

Inserting or entering into a body part.

68

Labile

Changing rapidly and often.

69

Laceration

Cut; tear

70

Latent

Present but not active or visible.

Ex. The latent infection produced symptoms only when the patient's condition was weakened from another illness.

71

Lethargic

Difficult to arouse.

72

Manifestation

An indication or sign of a condition.

73

Musculoskeletal

Of or relating to muscle and skeleton

74

Neurologic

of or relating to muscle and skeleton.

75

Neurologic

Of or relating to the nervous system

76

Neurovascular

Of or relating to the nervous system and blood vessels.

77

Nutrient

Substance or ingredient that provides nourishment

78

Occluded

Closed or obstructed.

79

Ominous

Significantly important and dangerous.

80

Ongoing

Continous

81

Oral

Given through or affecting the mouth

82

Overt

Obvious, easily observed.

Ex. The obvert symptoms of the disease included vomiting and diarrhea.

83

Parameter

A characteristic or constant factor, limit.

84

Paroxysmal

Beginning suddenly or abruptly; convulsive

85

Patent

Open

86

Pathogenic

Causing or able to cause disease.

87

Pathology

Processes, causes, and effects of a disease; abnormality.

88

Posterior

Located behind; in the back.

89

Potent

Producing a strong effect.

90

Potential

Capable of occurring or likely to occur.

91

Precaution

Preventive measure.

92

Precipitous

Rapid, uncontrolled.

93

Predispose

To make more susceptible or more likely to occur.

94

Preexisting

Already present

95

Primary

First or most significant.

96

Priority

Of great improtance

97

Prognosis

The anticipation or expected course or outcome

98

Rationale

The underlying reason.

99

Recur

To occur again

100

Renal

Of or relating to the kidneys

101

Respiration

Inhalation and exhalation of air.

102

Restrict

To limit

103

Retain

To hold or keep.

104

Site

Location

105

Status

Condition

106

Strict

Stringent, exact, complete.

107

Sublingual

Under the tongue.

108

Supplement

To take in addition to or to complete

109

Suppress

To stop or subdue.

110

Symmetric (symmetrical)

Being equal or the same in size, shape, and relative position

111

Symptom

An indication of a problem

112

Syndrome

Group of symptoms that, when occurring together, reflect a specific disease or disorder.

113

Therapeutic

Of or relating to the treatment

114

Transdermal

Crossing through the skin.

115

Transmission

Transfer, such as of a disease, from one person to another

116

Trauma

Injury, wound.

117

Triage

Process used to determine the priority of treatment for patients according to the severity of a patient's condition and likelihood of benefit from the treatment.

118

Untoward

Adverse or negative.

119

Urinate

Excrete or expel urine

120

Vascular

Of or relating to blood vessels.

121

Verbel

Spoken, using words

122

Virus

Microscopic infectious agent capable of replicating only in living cells, usually causing infectious disease.

123

Vital

Essential

124

Void

Excrete, or expel urine

125

Volume

Amount of space occupied by a fluid.