Lower Extremity Bones Flashcards


Set Details Share
created 8 years ago by nicolefraserr
1,095 views
updated 8 years ago by nicolefraserr
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:

1

Ilium

card image

2

Ischium

card image

3

Pubis

card image

4

Sacrum

card image

5

Coccyx

card image

6

location of the ilium

largest and uppermost portion

7

location of the ischium

lowest portion

8

location of the pubis

anterior portion

9

Acetabulum is formed by what

all 3 bones of the innominate

10

Articulation site for Acetabulum

Between femur and coxa

-coxofemoral joint

11

what forms the obturator foramen

ischium & pubis

12

Largest foremen in body

Obturator forament

13

Acetabulum

card image

14

Obturator Foramen

card image

15

Landmarks on the Ilium

-Anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS)

-Anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS)

-Posterior inferior iliac spine (PIIS)

-Posterior superior iliac spine (PSIS)

-Iliac crest

-Iliac fossa

-Greater Sciatic notch

16

Anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS)

card image

17

Anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS)

card image

18

Posterior inferior iliac spine (PIIS)

card image

19

Posterior superior iliac spine (PSIS)

card image

20

Iliac crest

card image

21

Iliac fossa

card image

22

Greater Sciatic notch

card image

23

Landmarks on the Ischium

-Ischial tuberosity

-Ischial spine

-Ramus of the ischium

24

Ischial tuberosity

card image

25

Ischial Spine

card image

26

Ramus of the ischium

card image

27

Landmarks on the Pubis

-Superior ramus of pubis

-Inferior ramus of pubis

-Pubic tubercle

-Body of pubis

28

Superior ramus of pubis

card image

29

Inferior ramus of pubis

card image

30

Pubic tubercle

card image

31

Body of pubis

card image

32

Sciatic Nerve properties

-Emerges from lumbosacral plexus (L4-S3)

-Travels through greater sciatic foramen

33

What nerves does the sciatic nerve form

Tibial nerve

common peroneal nerve

34

Pelvic Girdle Functions

-Provides support to the body's weight (trunk/core)

-Provides articulation sites LE limbs

-Provides attachment sites for LE musculature

-Provides protection for lower quadrant organs: (bladder, reproductive organs, distal large intestines

*LE = lower extremity

35

Posterior superior iliac spine (PSIS)

card image

36

Gender Differences in the pelvic girdle

-Female has a larger pelvic arch

-Female has larger, more round pelvic brim

-Female has smaller more oval/triangular obturator foramen

37

Pelvic Brim

card image

38

Pelvic Arch

card image

39

Pelvic inlet

card image