Pathophysiology Test 1
Infection, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and anemia are all complications of ____________.
Cancer cells rely on what to supply blood for its growth?
What grows by expansion and has a well-defined capsule?
SIADH and Cushing's syndrome are considered ______________ syndromes.
HPV and HBV are viruses linked to ____________.
What kind of necrosis is seen with ischemic brain injury?
Reperfusion injury develops as a result of __________________.
Free radical formation
_______________ movement into the cell contributes to cellular swelling that may be the result of hypoxic injury.
__________________ bacterium may be responsible for gas gangrene.
Breast and pancreas are prone to __________ necrosis.
_____________ develops if a stressor is not adequately defeated.
Epinephrine and norepinephrine come from the ________________.
________________ increases sodium and water reabsorption.
_______________ increases blood flow to skeletal muscles.
The ___________________ dumps the hormone ACTH into the bloodstream stimulating adrenal glands.
What syndrome is found in 1 out of every 5000 females and is caused by a single X chromosome that may present with gonadal streaks, short stature, and amenorrhea.
Marfan's and Huntington's syndrome are known as ________________ disorders.
A ______________ has 92 chromosomes.
Who are predominantly affected by X-linked recessive disorders?
In order for autosomal recessive diseases to be expressed a ____________ recessive chromosomal pairing need to be present.
In autosomal dominant inherited disorders Affected persons mating with normal persons have a _________% risk of having an affected offspring.
Stress-induced stimulation of the posterior pituitary cause it to secrete ______________.
Anti-diuretic hormone (ADH)
A glandular or epithelial lesion.
The cervix is a common area for this type of cancer to develop.
Carcinoma in situ
Disuse may lead to
Decreased hormonal stimulation can lead to
A decrease in cell size
__________ begins within six hours and in twelve to fourteen hours affects the entire body.
_______________ is the replacement of one adult cell by another cell that better tolerates the environment.
_________________ hyperplasia is an adaptive mechanism that allows certain organs to regenerate after a loss of substance.
Lipid ______________ results in cell membrane damage.
______________ is a condition in which cells program themselves to die.
Free radicals are ____________ molecules that can cause cellular damage.
A TB lesion is an example of _____________ necrosis.
Dry gangrene is the due to lack of O2, which causes ____________ necrosis.
_____________ is an increase in cell size.
An example of ____________ hyperplasia is warts.
_______________ is associated with neoplastic growth.
______________ is an increase in the number of cells.
It takes __________ hours for the body temperature to reach that of the environment after death.
______________ is a condition in which a person has an absent homologous X chromosome with only a single X chromosome.
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a sex-linked ___________ trait.
Klinefelter syndrome is a genetic disorder that that affects mostly _________.
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) stimulates the release of __________.
Cortisol is an example of a ______________.
Epinephrine is a hormone excreted from the _______________.
Aldosterone is an example of a ___________________.
The _________________ integrates the stress response.
Aldosterone increases sodium reabsorption by the ____________.
______________ elevates as the result of glucogenesis.
ADH comes from the ________________.
ACTH comes from the ________________.
______________ comes from the adrenal cortex.
Epinephrine ___________ the heart rate.
SIADH ______________ antidiuretic hormone (ADH).