Pathophysiology Test 1

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Understanding Pathophysiology
Chapters 1-3, 8-11
updated 6 years ago by Boosh_75
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1

Infection, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and anemia are all complications of ____________.

Cancer

2

Cancer cells rely on what to supply blood for its growth?

Angiogenesis

3

What grows by expansion and has a well-defined capsule?

Benign tumor

4

SIADH and Cushing's syndrome are considered ______________ syndromes.

Paraneoplastic

5

HPV and HBV are viruses linked to ____________.

Cancer

6

What kind of necrosis is seen with ischemic brain injury?

Liquefactive

7

Reperfusion injury develops as a result of __________________.

Free radical formation

8

_______________ movement into the cell contributes to cellular swelling that may be the result of hypoxic injury.

Sodium

9

__________________ bacterium may be responsible for gas gangrene.

Clostridium

10

Breast and pancreas are prone to __________ necrosis.

Fat

11

_____________ develops if a stressor is not adequately defeated.

Exhaustion

12

Epinephrine and norepinephrine come from the ________________.

Adrenal medulla

13

________________ increases sodium and water reabsorption.

Aldosterone

14

_______________ increases blood flow to skeletal muscles.

Norepinephrine

15

The ___________________ dumps the hormone ACTH into the bloodstream stimulating adrenal glands.

Anterior pituitary

16

What syndrome is found in 1 out of every 5000 females and is caused by a single X chromosome that may present with gonadal streaks, short stature, and amenorrhea.

Turner Syndrome

17

Marfan's and Huntington's syndrome are known as ________________ disorders.

Autosomal dominant

18

A ______________ has 92 chromosomes.

Tetraploidy

19

Who are predominantly affected by X-linked recessive disorders?

Males

20

In order for autosomal recessive diseases to be expressed a ____________ recessive chromosomal pairing need to be present.

Homozygous

21

In autosomal dominant inherited disorders Affected persons mating with normal persons have a _________% risk of having an affected offspring.

50

22

Stress-induced stimulation of the posterior pituitary cause it to secrete ______________.

Anti-diuretic hormone (ADH)

23

Preinvasive.
A glandular or epithelial lesion.
The cervix is a common area for this type of cancer to develop.

Carcinoma in situ

24

Disuse may lead to

Decreased hormonal stimulation can lead to

A decrease in cell size

Atrophy

25

__________ begins within six hours and in twelve to fourteen hours affects the entire body.

Rigor mortis

26

_______________ is the replacement of one adult cell by another cell that better tolerates the environment.

Metaplasia

27

_________________ hyperplasia is an adaptive mechanism that allows certain organs to regenerate after a loss of substance.

Compensatory

28

Lipid ______________ results in cell membrane damage.

Peroxidation

29

______________ is a condition in which cells program themselves to die.

Apoptosis

30

Free radicals are ____________ molecules that can cause cellular damage.

Unstable

31

A TB lesion is an example of _____________ necrosis.

Caseous

32

Dry gangrene is the due to lack of O2, which causes ____________ necrosis.

Coagulative

33

_____________ is an increase in cell size.

Hypertrophy

34

An example of ____________ hyperplasia is warts.

Pathologic

35

_______________ is associated with neoplastic growth.

Dysplasia

36

______________ is an increase in the number of cells.

Hyperplasia

37

It takes __________ hours for the body temperature to reach that of the environment after death.

24

38

______________ is a condition in which a person has an absent homologous X chromosome with only a single X chromosome.

Turner syndrome

39

Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a sex-linked ___________ trait.

Recessive

40

Klinefelter syndrome is a genetic disorder that that affects mostly _________.

Males

41

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) stimulates the release of __________.

Cortisol

42

Cortisol is an example of a ______________.

Glucocorticoid

43

Epinephrine is a hormone excreted from the _______________.

Adrenal medulla

44

Aldosterone is an example of a ___________________.

Mineralcorticoid

45

The _________________ integrates the stress response.

Hypothalmus

46

Aldosterone increases sodium reabsorption by the ____________.

Kidneys

47

______________ elevates as the result of glucogenesis.

Glucose

48

ADH comes from the ________________.

Posterior pituitary

49

ACTH comes from the ________________.

Anterior pituitary

50

______________ comes from the adrenal cortex.

Cortisol

51

Epinephrine ___________ the heart rate.

Increases

52

SIADH ______________ antidiuretic hormone (ADH).

Increases