A process of chemically treating the dead human body to reduce the presence and growth of microorganisms, to retard organic decomposition, and to restore an acceptable physical appearance is:
The irreversible cessation of all vital functions is:
Those changes occurring in the interval prior to somatic death are:
A sharp cutting instrument used for making incisions is the:
That consideration given to the dead body, prior to, during and after the embalming procedure is complete is:
c. case analysis
An imaginary line drawn on the surface of the skin to represent the approximate location of some deeper underlying structure is the:
b. linear guide
Injection and drainage from one location is called:
c. one point injection
Chemicals which inactivate saprophytic bacteria are called:
The movement of embalming solutions from the point of injection throughout the arterial system and into the capillaries is called:
This embalming method consists of injecting a few ounces of arterial chemical, stopping injection, then draining for a few minutes, and then repeating the process:
This is a term used to refer to the after-death examination of the organs and tissues of a body to determine cause of death or pathological conditions:
Any abnormal color appearing in or upon the human body is called:
A needle injector is used for this purpose:
a. mouth closure
Content normally aspirated from the stomach:
a. hydrochloric acid
When death has been due to pneumonia, an embalmer should expect:
c. thoracic congestion and increased blood viscosity
The Formaldehyde Standard for short-term exposure to formaldehyde is:
b. 2 ppm/15 minutes
Signs of death exhibited by the eyes of the deceased include:
1. clouding of the cornea and flattening of the eyeball
2. loss of luster of the conjuctiva
3. pupil dilation and non-response to light
4. discoloration of the iris
a. 1, 2, and 3
Another name for pleural effusion is:
Proteolysis refers to decomposition of:
Which of the following conditions would require special attention during thoracic cavity embalming?
b. 1 and 3
Discoloration resulting when formaldehyde reacts with hemoglobin in he tissues is called:
c. formaldehyde grey
Severe generalized edema is known as:
Escape of blood serum from an intravascular to an extravascular location immediately before death is:
c. agonal edema
Low index fluids used to inhibit bilirubin from turning to biliverdin are known as:
b. jaundice fluids
Chemicals that create an increased capability for embalmed tissues to retain their moisture are called:
How many ounces of formaldehyde are contained in a 16-ounce bottle of 25 index arterial fluid?
b. 4 ounces
The care of the deceased to recreate natural form and color is the definition of:
c. restorative art
The zygomatic process is a feature of the following bones:
Which one of the following is a bone of the face?
The large muscle which covers the top and sides of the skull from occipital bone to eyebrows:
A crevice in the skin accompanied by adjacent elevation:
The vertex of the cranium and the base of the chin are examples of:
d. imaginary horizontal lines
This is of value to the restorative artist associated with the three-quarter view photograph for restorative art purposes:
b. reveals the degree of the fullness of the cheeks
Which one of the following is one of the basic linear forms of facial profiles?
oval, round, vertical, convex-concave
The comparison of the two sides of the face to observe the similarities and differences is referred to as:
Which one of the following is a means of softening wax to alter the wax consistency for restorative art procedures?
c. mixing with cream cosmetics
Which of the following are generally involved in positioning of the ear?
1. zygomatic arch
2. mandibular fossa
3. mental protuberance
4. external auditory meatus
b. 1, 2, and 4
A general profile classification for the nose from the root to the tip?
A type of prognathism:
The eyelids in natural repose:
a. abut, do not overlap
The use of an oxidizing chemical to remove stain or discoloration is called:
The original scientific standard of color is:
b. the spectrum
One of the pigment cosmetics necessary to match all skin colors:
Facial restoration is required due to trauma. Accurate dimensions for facial restoration can be established by means of:
1. a photograph
2. classic proportion
3. supplemental equalities
4. mathematical calculations
b. 1, 2, and 4
The width of the face is proportionally equal to the distance between the base of the nose and the:
a. normal hairline
A substance that would remove nicotine stains:
d. lemon juice
This anatomical structure cannot be used for accurate location of the ear:
c. supraorbital margins
The hue sequence pink, rose, cherry is indicative of read that has been:
This condition requiring restorative art is classified as traumatic:
A characteristic of first degree burns is:
The tiny prominence on the midline of the superior mucous membrane is the:
d. medial lobe
The determinative pigment of all races is:
Complementary hues found on the color wheel in this position:
c. opposite each other
The hand may be restored if missing or completely mutilated by:
a. making a plaster cast
The best method of repair for a dehydrated hand is:
a. hypodermic injection of tissue builder
The method of affixing hair depends upon:
Major or minor restoration can be:
b. legally described as mutilation
The general procedure for effective hypodermic tissue building is:
c. directing needle to the most distant part
In order to begin the modeling of a mutilated or destroyed eye, one must:
c. start with the margins of the eye socket
To restore a traumatized or missing forearm:
c. reattach by drilling through bones and wiring
The most hazardous chemical to mix with a bleach solution is:
Which one of the following is one of the geometric head forms (frontal view)?
oval, convex, vertical, concave
In positioning the body, the face should be tilted approximately this many degree to the right:
A pacemaker should be removed if the body is going to be:
A type of plastic undergarment:
When preparing the deceased for visual identification which of the following tasks is included:
b. setting features
A religion that may require special burial garments and the deceased to be dressed by members of the church:
d. latter day saints
Re-aspirating of the body may become necessary in which of the following circumstances:
b. during an extended visitation period
Personal effects and clothing of the deceased are best accounted for by using a/an:
c. personal effects form
A line drawn or visualized on the surface of the skin to represent the approximate location of some more deeply lying structure is the:
a. linear guide
The two divisions of the skeleton are:
d. axial and appendicular
the study of the circulatory system is also known as:
The galea aponeurotica is the tendon of which one of the following muscles:
The artery which supplies arterial solution directly into the thumb side of the hands is the:
an artery raised to inject the upper extremity below the cubital fossa:
This muscle is found in the lower extremity:
These bones are located within the cranium:
These bones are located within the bones of the face:
The buccinator muscle is also referred to as the:
b. trumpeters muscle
The anatomical guide that lies lateral to the tendon of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle describes the:
b. ulnar artery
A liquid containing a dissolved substance or substances is a(n):
When used in arterial formulations eonsine, ponceau red, and erythrosine are examples of:
A substance that prevents infection by killing bacteria is classified as a:
The number of oxygen atoms in the formula 2Al(OH)3 is:
A 40% by volume solution of formaldehyde is called:
The chemical group that makes an alcohol molecule soluble in water and useful to the embalmer is:
According to OSHA, the proper way to neutralize a formaldehyde spill is to:
a. add ammonia, then wipe up
Formaldehyde is an ingredient of embalming fluid used to:
b. preserve tissue
An amine produced during putrefaction is:
Formaldehyde in a powder form is also known as:
A substance that is capable of bringing about a reduction in a surface tension of a fluid is:
a. a surfactant
Which of the following are properties of formaldehyde?
1. It is a colorless gas.
2. It is quite soluble in water
3. It combines with water to form methylene glycol
4. It is easily oxidized to form acetic acid
a. 1, 2, and 3
Formaldehyde reacts with ammonia to form:
In comparing cavity fluid to arterial fluid, the cavity fluid will have:
b. no active dyes
Polymerization of formaldehyde is inhibited by the addition of:
b. methyl alcohol
Reodorants are used in embalming fluids as:
b. masking agents
Phenol is used in embalming fluids as a:
Sodium citrate is used in embalming fluids as a(n):
Deterioration or impairment of an organ is called:
Deformity, abnormal shape or structure, especially a congenital abnormality is a(n):
Tissue reaction to injury is called:
A local or generalized condition in which the body tissues contain an excessive amount of tissue fluid is called:
A new and abnormal formation of tissue or growth is a(n):
Increase in number of leukocytes (above 10,000 per cu. mm) in blood, and generally caused by the presence of infection and usually transient is called:
Inflammation of the lining membrane of the heart is called:
Diminished amount of urine formation is called:
A loss of function, either partial or complete, as that resulting from a blow or fall is termed a:
Inflammation of the testis due to trauma, metastasis, mumps, or infection elsewhere in the body is called:
A disease that begins before birth and is evident at the time of birth is referred to as:
An inflammatory condition related to the nervous system is:
a. general paresis
A malignant tumor derived principally from connective tissue is a:
Which of the following conditions would be caused by a thrombus as evidence during embalming?
1. diminished distribution
3. intravascular resistane
b. 1 and 3
Bacteria typically reproduce by a process called:
d. binary fission
A substance that induces the formation of antibodies that interact specifically with it is a(n):
A minute organism not visible with an ordinary light microscope is a:
The causative organism in amebic dysentery:
c. entamoeba histolytica
Viruses are unaffected by the action of:
An organism that feeds on dead organic matter only is a:
d. strict saprophyte
Rickettsia rickettsii is:
1. a tick-borne disease
2. a flea-borne disease
3. ROcky Mountain Spotted Fever
4. inclusion conjunctivitis
b. 1 and 3
Which of the following are true of malignant neoplasms?
1. resembles the tissue of origin
2. grows by infiltration
3. causes tissue damage
4. grows by expansion
c. 2 and 3
Pneumococci usually leaves the body through the:
d. nose and mouth
A factor that indicates the use of a MORE dilute arterial solution is
In a case involving death from uremia,
the ammonia reacts with formaldehyde.
Rigor mortis and algor mortis are similar in that both are
How many ounces of 32-index fluid are needed to make 2 gallons of a 2% fluid dilution?
The settling of the blood to dependent portions of the body is called
The direction of eyebrow hair growth is laterally
upward and outward
The width of the nose at its base is equal to the width of the
Which of the following sutures would best be employed for an abdominal puncture wound?
In posing the eyes, the eyelids should meet at the
inferior third of the orbit
Hypodermic tissue building may be performed as a postembalming treatment for
Bacteria that can grow in the absence or presence of free oxygen are known as
Which superficial dermatomycosis increases when associated with AIDS?
An important factor in any consideration of the mode of action of antimicrobial compounds is
Pathogenic microbes are most virulent
when first emitted from the body
Wearing protective clothing and exercising Universal Precautions while removing the deceased from the place of death:
I. provides an effective barrier to portals of entry.
II. eliminates the virulence of pathogens.
III. reduces the number of microorganisms present.
IV. is required by OSHA’s bloodborne pathogen rule.
I and IV only
Which of the following is the first in the organs to decompose?
lining of trachea
A benign neoplasm found in blood vessels is a
Inflammation of the sac surrounding the heart is called
Which of the following frequently results from long-term, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus?
Which of the following conditions would be caused by a thrombus as evidenced during embalming?
I. diminished distribution
III. intravascular resistance
I and III only
Extremely hard water should NOT be used in diluting embalming fluid because it
results in blood coagulation.
Chemicals that have the capability of displacing unpleasant odors are
Which of the following is characteristic of a jaundice fluid?
low formaldehyde content
To facilitate the penetration of preservatives during surface embalming, the surface gels may contain
sodium lauryl sulfate.
The recommended initial 3% dilution of a 20-Index standard arterial chemical used to embalm an edematous body would be which of the following?
19 oz of arterial to 109 oz of water
Which of the following lists the vessels in order going from the aorta towards the upper extremity?
II, IV, I, III
brachiocephalic, subclavian, axillary, brachial
The external iliac artery lies along the medial border of which of the following muscles?
In relation to the lungs, the heart is
Blood flow to the arm and hand will reach the following arteries in what order?
IV. deep palmar arch
II, I, III, IV
axillary, brachial, radial, palmer's arch
When using the 9-region method for cavity embalming, the cecum is located in which of the following regions?