A&P II Homework III Questions Flashcards


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created 9 years ago by chaneasegarvey
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updated 9 years ago by chaneasegarvey
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anatomy and physiology, anatomy and physiology 1, anatomy & physiology 2, anatomy and physiology lab
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1

Which of these descriptions best matches the term submucosal plexus?

sensory neural network

2

Which of these descriptions best matches the term myenteric plexus?

coordinates activity of muscularis externa

3

The ________ are double sheets of peritoneal membrane that suspend the visceral organs and carry nerves, lymphatics, and blood vessels.

mesenteries

4

A stratified squamous epithelial lining can be found in all of the following except in the...

stomach

5

Which of the following contains adipose tissue and provides padding for the anterior and lateral portions of the abdomen?

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greater omentum

6

A disease that attacks and disables the myenteric plexus would...

decrease intestinal motility

7

The serous membrane that lines the peritoneal cavity...

-secretes peritoneal fluid

-decreases friction

-lubricates the cavity

-prevents irritation

8

The ________ gland empties into the oral cavity at the level of the second upper molar.

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parotid

9

A structure that helps prevent food from entering the pharynx prematurely is the...

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uvula

10

If the linguinal frenulum is too restrictive, an individual...

has a condition called anklyoglossia

-has difficulty eating

-cannot speak normally

-cannot protract the tongue as far as most individuals

11

Increased secretion by all the salivary glands results from...

parasympathetic stimulation

12

The space between the cheeks or lips and the teeth is called the...

vestibule

13

The hormone that stimulates secretion and contraction by the stomach is...

gastrin

14

Mary had her stomach mostly removed to try to overcome obesity. As a result you would expect Mary to be at risk for...

pernicious anemia

15

The villi are most developed in the....

jejunum

16

Peyer patches are characteristics of the...

ileum

17

Brunner glands are characteristics of the...

duodenum

18

An intestinal hormone that stimulates gastric secretion is...

gastrin

19

The Kupffer cells of the liver...

  • destroy RBCs
  • destroy bacteria
  • present antigens
  • are phagocytic

20

Bile is stored in the...

gallbladder

21

A proenzyme secreted by the pancreas is...

trypsinogen

22

Which of the following contains a remnant of the fetal umbilical vein?

falciform ligament

23

Which of the following is not a component of the hepatic triad found at the edges of a liver lobule?

central vein

24

The part of the small intestine most likely to develop an ulcer from exposure to gastric juice is the...

duodenum

25

In response to the arrival of acidic chyme in the duodenum, the...

blood levels of secretin rise

26

The essential functions of the liver include...

-metabolic regulation

-hematological regulation

-bile production

-albumin productiion for blood osmotic pressure

27

An obstruction of the common bile duct often results in...

undigested fat in feces

28

If the pancreatic duct was obstructed, you would expect to see elevated blood levels of....

amylase

29

Tom has hepatitis, an inflammation of the liver. Which of the following symptoms would you expect to observe in Tom?

jaundice

30

In response to the hormone cholecystokinin, the pancreas secretes a fluid...

rich in bicarbonate

31

Tony is a chronic alcoholic with cirrhosis of the liver, a condition in which liver cells die and are replaced by connective tissue. Which of the following signs would you expect to observe in Tony?

-increased clotting time

-jaundice

-portal hypertension and ascites

-decrease in plasma protein production

32

Which of the following descriptions best matches the term duodenal ampulla?

where pancreatic juice and bile enter duodenum

33

Hydrochloric acid from the stomach is neutralized in the small intestine by...

sodium bicarbonate from the pancreas

34

Powerful peristaltic contractions that occur a few times each day in the colon are called...

mass movements

35

At the hepatic flexure, the colon becomes the

transverse colon

36

At the splenic flexure, the colon becomes the

descending colon

37

A small, wormlike structure attached the posteromedial surface of the cecum is the...

appendix

38

The defecation reflex involves...

sympathetic relaxation of both the internal and external sphincters

39

An enzyme that digests proteins into peptides is...

trypsin

40

Carbohydrate digestion begins in the...

mouth

41

If digestion of a carbohydrate results in equal amounts of glucose and galactose, this carbohydrate is probably...

lactose

42

Products of fat digestion are transported initially by...

lymphatic vessels

43

What description best matches the term cholecystokinin (CCK)?

causes gallbladder to contract

44

How many net ATP molecules are produced by the complete metabolism (all pathways) of one glucose molecule?

36 ATP

45

The citric acid cycle occurs in the...

mitchondrial matrix

46

The citric acid cycle is an aerobic process because...

oxygen is needed to remove carbon atoms as carbon dioxide

47

Sometimes called "good cholesterol," ________ carry excess cholesterol from peripheral tissues to the liver.

high-density lipoproteins (HDLs)`

48

Urea is formed in the...

liver

49

During starvation...

muscle proteins are used as an energy source