Chapter 6 Quiz Review

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Campbell Biology
Chapter 6
updated 6 years ago by Neil
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College: First year
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1

Small subunit and large subunit

Ribosomes

2

Carry out protein synthesis

Ribosomes

3

Continuous with the nuclear envelope, with ribosomes studding its surface

Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum

4

Site of protein synthesis, distributes transport vesicles

Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum

5

Continuous with the nuclear envelope, lacks ribosomes

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum

6

Synthesizes lipids, detoxifies poison, stores calcium

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum

7

Consists of flattened membranous sacs called cisternae. Cis and trans face

Golgi Apparatus

8

Modifies, sorts and packages materials into transport vesicles

Golgi Apparatus

9

A membranous sac of digestive enzymes

Lysosomes

10

Use enzymes to recycle the cell’s own organelles, food

Lysosomes

11

Types of vacuoles?

Food, Contractile, Central

12

Membranous sac

Food Vacuoles

13

Contain food

Food Vacuoles

14

Membranous sac(protists)

Contractile Vacuoles

15

Pump excess water out of cells

Contractile Vacuoles

16

Membranous sac (plants)

Central Vacuoles

17

Hold organic compounds and water

Central Vacuoles

18

Smooth outer membrane, cristae (inner membrane foldings), intermembrane space, matrix contains free ribosomes

Mitochondria

19

Sites of cellular respiration, generates ATP

Mitochondria

20

Only present in plant cells, thylakoids (membranous sacs) stacked to form granum, stroma, green in color, contain chlorophyll

Chloroplasts

21

Function in photosynthesis

Chloroplasts

22

Organelle with single membrane?

Peroxisomes

23

Produce hydrogen peroxide and convert it to water

Peroxisomes

24

A network of fibers extending throughout the cytoplasm. Three types: microfilaments, intermediate filaments and microtubules

Cytoskeleton

25

Organizes the cell’s structure, shape, and activities, anchoring many organelles

Cytoskeleton

26

Made of actin subunit, two intertwined strands of actin
Diameter: 7nm

Microfilaments

27

Maintenance of cell shape, changes in cell shape, muscle contraction, cytoplasmic streaming, cell motility, cell division

Microfilaments

28

Fibrous proteins supercoiled into thicker cables. Diameter: 8 – 12 nm, contains proteins from one of proteins from keratin family

Intermediate filaments

29

Maintenance of cell shape, anchorage of nucleus and certain other organelles , formation of nuclear lamina

Intermediate filaments

30

Diameters in a middle range, hollow tubes; wall consisting of 13 columns of tubulin molecules. Diameter: 25 nm with 15nm lumen

Microtubules

31

Maintenance of cell shape, cell motility, chromosome movement in cell division, organelle movement

Microtubules

32

Contains nuclear envelope, double membrane, nuclear pore, nuclear lamina, and nucleolus, and nucleoplasm

Nucleus

33

Contains DNA (hereditary material)

Nucleus