Intro Criminal Justice System - Exam 3

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created 5 years ago by GreenHero15
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Administration of justice in the United States with a general overview of the total system; functional areas of the criminal justice system; role of police, courts and corrections; nature of law; interrelation of the various components that form the system.
updated 5 years ago by GreenHero15
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1

U.S. district courts exist...

to handle trial-level federal cases

2

The practice under which judges grant nonmonetary releases if the accused (i.e., person who has been arrested but not yet found guilty) is employed and has roots in the community is called a...

release on recognizance

3

Which of the following is NOT a factor in how the judge determines the amount of the bail?

admissibility of evidence gathered by the police

4

Which of the following best describes the discretion given to a prosecutor?

broad discretion

5

Which of the following is NOT true concerning the role of a prosecutor?

a prosecutor has limited influence in the early stages of the criminal justice process

6

During a trial, who carries the burden of proving legal guilt?

prosecutor

7

Which of the following is true about public defenders?

they often face a heavy caseload (i.e., many clients)

8

Which of the following is true concerning plea bargaining?

it can begin any time after a defendant has an attorney

9

A bench trial is presided over by...

a judge and no jury

10

Discovery is-

prosecution disclosing all their evidence to the defense

11

The Eighth Amendment of the United States Constitution protects against-

excessive bail

12

Which of the following is a valid observation about the orientation and assumptions of lower courts in their attempt to process a large mass of cases?

the vast majority of defendants will plead "guilty"

13

Which of the following is TRUE regarding presentence investigation reports?

they ease the strain of decision making for a judge

14

It has been found that sentencing judges treat females offenders...

less severely than males in a majority of cases (chivalry hypothesis)

15

The punishment approach that assumed the social, intellectual, or biological deficiencies of criminals to be the cause of their crimes is referred to as the...

rehabilitation model

16

Which Western nation has the most prisoners serving long-term sentences?

United States

17

Which of the following is not a responsibility of a trial judge?

counseling defendants

18

Which of the following courts are likely to have the least serious cases heard?

trial courts of limited jurisdiction

19

How many justices sit on the United States Supreme Court?

9

20

In Illinois, county level judges are selected in what type of election?

Partisan

21

An attorney questioning potential juror members for final jury selection is called

voir dire

22

Which of the following uses of removing jurors is unlimited to both the prosecutor and the defense?

challenge for cause

23

The change of venue is considered during which phase of the criminal justice process?

pretrial motions

24

Within the criminal justice system, most convicted offenders are in

community corrections

25

What type of jury is subjected to voir dire?

Trial Jury

26

Which of the following is TRUE concerning prison rates in Europe compared to the United States?

U. S. has a higher incarceration rate

27

Probation officers play a role in sentencing by...

preparing the presentence report for the judge

28

After a suspect is arrested, he/she cannot be deprived of freedom until guilt is proven.

False

29

Most felony cases are disposed of by dismissals.

False

30

Prosecutors have great influence at virtually every stage of the criminal justice process.

True

31

Prosecutors are careful not to make mistakes because they face severe punishment from the state if they convict innocent people.

False

32

During the discovery process, it is legal for a prosecutor to hide from a defense attorney any evidence which tends to show that the defendant is actually innocent.

False

33

German prosecutors act against and in favor of suspects in criminal cases.

True

34

Because trials are so infrequent, defense attorneys' working lives tend to be quite different than the lives of attorneys as portrayed on television.

True

35

In most cases involving plea bargains and dismissals, defense attorneys are more like a cooperating partner and less like an all-out adversary to a prosecutor.

True

36

The majority of convicted offenders serving time in state prisons were indigent defendants who received publicly provided defense attorneys.

True

37

Public defenders often have trouble gaining the trust and cooperation of their clients.

True

38

Although they cooperate in many cases, public defenders are sufficiently independent of prosecutors and judges to make choices about whether to seek a trial or to negotiate a plea.

True

39

Most defendants initially enter a plea of not guilty.

True

40

Most defendants accused of a felony will be found guilty in criminal court.

False

41

Defendants have the option to choose a bench trial, a judge without a jury.

True

42

The substantial majority of cases go to trial.

False

43

An example of retribution is the saying, "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth."

True

44

Indeterminate sentences may encourage convicted offenders to focus upon rehabilitation.

True

45

A determinate sentence means that the defendant determines his own punishment with the assistance of a counselor.

False

46

All fifty states impose death as a sentence.

False

47

The prison population contains the same proportion of African-Americans as the general population (i.e., about 12% of the prison population is African-American).

False

48

Sentencing guidelines (offered through determinate sentencing models) provide additional discretion for judges in the sentencing process.

False

49

Judges do not have discretion in indeterminate sentencing structures.

False