Community and Environmental Health Exam Flashcards


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1

Most health education interventions are designed to provide people with ______ in the hopes that they will change their ______.

knowledge, behavior

2

Health educators can be effective in improving all of the following EXCEPT ______.

genetics

3

While our main tool is ______ the outcomes expected are most often ______.

education, behavioral

4

Which of the following is NOT one of the Practice Settings for health education?

home

5

Obtaining information about a target population's perceived need can come from multiple sources, including all of the following EXCEPT:

grocery circulars

6

In contrast to an objective, a goal:

Is written to include all aspects or components of a program.
Provides an overall direction for a program.
Lacks a deadline.

7

We make the assumption that our needs assessment and interventions meet which of the following ethical criteria?

Protects participants' rights.
Safeguards participants' privacy.
Keeps participants free from harm.

8

The words "explain" and "define" would be best suited for what type of objective?

Knowledge

9

Complete the following analogy: mind is to the cognitive domain as the heart is to ______ domain.

affective

10

A systematic inspection and examination of the print media, often written by experts on the topic and published in the academic press is:

a review of the literature

11

______ are the experiences or activities that program participants are exposed to in order to meet the objectives.

Intervention/Program

12

What are the three levels of evaluation commonly used in health education program planning?

process, impact, and outcome

13

In the process of selecting the most appropriate educational method to use in a health education program, it is most important to do which of the following?

Consider the nature of the audience and the purpose of the program.

14

Objectives do all of the following except:

describe the broad extent of the program

15

How might a change in knowledge be assessed?

test or examination

16

Short term or one-session programs, if well conducted, can reasonably expect to achieve changes in this domain.

knowledge

17

The primary elements or the building blocks of a theory are ______.

concepts

18

Perceived susceptibility is a factor in which of the following theories?

Health Belief Model

19

Exercising to achieve weight loss, prevent heart disease, and lower blood pressure could all be considered which component of the Health Belief Model?

Perceived Benefits

20

In what stage of the Transtheoretical Model does a person actively plan to change?

Contemplation

21

Terry mentions that she has altered her after-school habits. She no longer hangs out at the ice cream shop, she now hangs out at a vegetarian coffee shop. As a result of this change, Terry has made some new friends who are committed to eating healthier foods; they have influenced her food choices. Which theoretical construct best explains the relationship between eating habits and environment?

self-efficacy

22

Whereas Albert Bandura names the construct "self-efficacy" in his ______, Icek Ajzen refers to the same concept as "behavior control" in his ______.

Social Cognitive Theory, Theory of Planned Behavior

23

Knowledge alone is likely to be robust enough to cause behavior change.

False

24

Entry level health education competencies were first developed during teh 1980's.

True

25

Pedagogy is the art or profession of conducting health education.

False

26

To effectively accomplish the process of health education, health educators must learn to set meaningful, appropriate, and achievable goals and objectives.

True

27

Health educators practice in a variety of settings, including school health education, community health education, worksite health education, and patient health education.

True

28

As educators, we may have access to the best knowledge available, but unless we are skilled and effective deliverers of this information, the usefulness of our work is clearly compromised.

True

29

Ideally, community needs assessment includes assets as well as needs.

True

30

Focus groups collect demographics as well as other qualitative data.

True

31

An ecological model considers the intricate interaction among individuals as they relate to each other but it does not recognize community or societal factors.

False

32

Theories explain health behavior and suggest intervention strategies.

True

33

Qualitative Methods

Public Forums
Informal Interviews

34

Quantitative Methods

State reports on health status
Vital statistics

35

Match each letter of the ABCDE Formula with its description.
__an action verb that describes what the learner is to do
__criteria that must be met in order to constitute success
__source of proof that the objective was met
__circumstances that enable the behavior to be performed
__identifies who or what will perform the identified behavior

B
D
E
C
A

36

One's opinion of the effectiveness of actions to reduce risk or seriousness of HBP.

Perceived Benefits

37

Memory joggers that remind you to take your blood pressure when you visit the drug store.

Cues to Action

38

One's opinion of chances of getting HBP.

Perceived Susceptibility

39

One's opinion of the hassle facotr of taking the actions to reduce risk and seriousness of HBP.

Perceived Barriers

40

List two of the major professional organizations/associations connected with health education.

APHA
AAHB

41

Name 4 academic disciplines form which health education draws.

Education
Sociology
Psychology
Public Health

42

What was the major goal of the Role Delineation Project, begun in 1978?

...

43

List 4 of the 7 major issues to be considered when selecting objectives and strategies/methods.

maturity
time of day
content to be covered
environment
time allotment
group size
materials and equipment available

44

Explain the differences between process and outcome objectives, giving clear definitions of each.

...