Mosby's Textbook for Nursing Assistants - Soft Cover Version: Key Terms: Chapters 21, 22, 30-33 Flashcards


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nursing fundamentals, nursing foundations, medical, nursing home care
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1

fowler's position

a semi-sitting position; the head of the bed is raised between 45-60 degrees

2

full visual privacy

having the means to be completely free from public view while in bed

3

high-fowler's position

a semi-sitting position; the head of the bed is raised 60 to 90 degrees

4

hospital bed system

the bed frame and its parts - mattress, bed rails, head, bed attachment, and foot boards

5

person's unit

the space, furniture, and equipment used by the person in the agency

6

reverse trendelenburg position

the head of the bed is raised and the foot of the bed is lowered

7

semi-fowlers position

the head of the bed is raised 30 degrees; or the head of the bed is raised 30 degrees and the knee portion is raised 15 degrees

8

trendelenburg's position

the head of the bed is lowered and the foot of the bed is raised

9

aspiration

breathing fluid, food, vomitus, or an object into the lungs

10

cholesterol

a soft, waxy substance found in the bloodstream and all body cells

11

dysphagia

difficulty swallowing

12

edema

the swelling of body tissues with water

13

electrolytes

minerals dissolves in water

14

graduate

a measuring container for fluid

15

intake

the amount of fluid taken in

16

output

the amount of fluid lost

17

enteral nutrition

giving nutrients into the gastro-intestinal tract through a feeding tube

18

flow rate

the number of drops per minute or milliliters per hour

19

gastrostomy tube

a feeding tube inserted through a surgically created opening in stomach; aka stomach tube

20

gavage

the process of giving a tube feeding

21

jejunostomy tube

a feeding tube inserted into a surgically created opening (stomy) in the jejunum of the small intestine

22

nano-enteral tube

a feeding tube inserted through the nose into the small bowel

23

nano-gastric tibe (NG)

a feeding tube tube inserted through the nose into the stomach

24

parenteral nutrition

giving nutrients through a catheter inserted into a vein

25

percutanoues endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube

a feeding tube inserted into the stomach through a small indecision made through the skin; a lighted instrument (scope) is used to see inside a body cavity or organ

26

regurgitation

the backward flow of stomach contents into the mouth

27

afebrile

without a fever

28

blood pressuret

the amount of force exerted against the walls of an artery by the blood

29

bradycardia

a slow heart rate (less than 60 beats per minute)

30

diastole

the period of muscle relaxation; the heart is at rest

31

diastolic pressure

the pressure in the arteries when the heart is at rest

32

febrile

with a fever

33

hypertension

high blood pressure

34

hypotension

low blood pressure

35

pulse deficit

the difference between the apical and radial pulse rates

36

pulse rate

the number of heartbeats or pulses in 1 minute

37

sphygmomanometer

a cuff and measuring device used to measure blood pressure

38

stethoscope

an instrument used to listen to the sounds produced by the heart, lungs, and other body organs

39

systole

the period of heart muscle contraction; the heart is pumping blood

40

systolic pressure

the pressure in the arteries when the heart contracts

41

tachycardia

a rapid heart rate; more than 100 beats per minute