Mosby's Textbook for Nursing Assistants - Soft Cover Version: Key Terms: Chapters 13, 15, 16, 17, 58 Flashcards


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nursing fundamentals, medical, nursing home care
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1

coma

a state of being unaware of one's settings and being unable to react or respond to people, places or things

2

dementia

the loss of cognitive and social function caused by changes in the brain

3

disaster

a sudden, catastrophic event in which people are injured and killed and property is destroyed

4

elopement

when a patient or resident leaves the agency without staff knowledge

5

ground

that which carries leaking electricity to the earth and away from an electrical item

6

hazard

any thing in the person's setting that could cause injury or illness

7

hazardous chemical

any chemical that is a physical hazard or a health hazard

8

hemiplegia

paralysis on 1 side of the body

9

paralysis

loss of muscle function, sensation, or both

10

paraplegia

paralysis in the legs and lower trunk

11

quadriplegia

paralysis in the arms, legs, and trunk

12

chemical restraint

any drug used for discipline or convenience and not required to treat medical symptoms

13

convenience

any action taken to control or manage a person's behavior that requires less effort by the staff; the action is not in the person's best resident

14

enabler

a device that limits freedom of movement but is used to promote independence, comfort, or safety

15

freedom of movement

any change in place or position of the body or any part of the body that the person can control

16

medical symptom

an indication or characteristic of a physical or psychological condition

17

remove easily

the manual method, device material, or equipment used to restrain the person that can be removed intentionally by the person in the same manner it was applied by the staff

18

antisepsis

the process, procedures, and chemical treatments that kill microbes or prevent them from causing an infection

19

asepsis

the absence of a disease-producing microbes; a type of clean technique

20

carrier

a human or animal that is a reservoir for microbes but does not develop the infection

21

disinfectant

a liquid chemical that can kill many or all pathogens except spores

22

medical asepsis

practices used to reduce the number of microbes and prevent their spread from 1 person or place to another person or place; another clean technique

23

normal flora

microbes that live and grow in a certain area

24

sterile

the absence of all microbes

25

surgical asepsis

the practices use to remove all microbes; sterile technique

26

vector

a carrier that transmits disease

27

vehicle

any substance that transmits microbes

28

biohazardous waste

items contaminated with blood, body fluids, secretions, or excretions

29

communicable disease

a disease caused by a pathogen that spreads easily; contagious disease

30

respiratory arrest

breathing stops but heart action continues for several minutes

31

seizures

violent and sudden contractions or tremors of muscle groups caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain; aka convulsions

32

shock

result when tissues and organs do not get enough blood

33

sudden cardiac arrest (SCA)

the heart stops suddenly and without warning