Mosby's Textbook for Nursing Assistants - Soft Cover Version: Key Terms: Chapters 18, 19, 20 Flashcards


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created 1 year ago by Tired_Student
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nursing concepts, medical, nursing home care
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1

Base of support

the area on which an object rests

2

body alignment (posture)

the way the head, trunk, arms, and legs align with one another

3

body mechanics

using the body in an efficient and careful way

4

dorsal recumbent position

the back-lying or supine position

5

ergonomics

- ergo (work), nomos (law)

the science of designing a job to fit the worker

6

fowler's position

a semi-sitting position; the head of the bed is raised between 45-60 degrees

7

lateral position (side-lying position)

the person lies on 1 side or the other

8

musculo-skeletal disorders (MSDs)

injuries and disorders of the muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, and cartilage

9

Prone position

the person lies on the abdomen with the head turned to 1 side

10

Sims' position (semi-prone side position)

a left side-lying position in which the upper leg (right leg) is sharply flexed so it is not on the lower leg (left leg) and the lower arm (left arm( is behind the person

11

Bed mobility

how a person moves to and form lying position, turns from side to side, and re-positions in a bed or other sleeping furniture

12

friction

the rubbing of 1 surface against another

13

shearing

when the skin sticks to a surface while muscles slide in the direction the body is moving

14

logrolling

turning the person as a unit, in alignment, with 1 motion

15

Lateral transfer

when a person moves between 2 horizontal surfaces

16

pivot

to turn one's body from a set standing position

17

transfer

how a person moves to and from a surface

18

supine position

the back-lying or dorsal recumbent position