Medical Terminology for Health Professions, Spiral bound Version: Chapter 5: The Cardiovascular System Flashcards


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1

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2

What is the medical term for the hardening and narrowing of arteries due to a buildup of cholesterol plaque on the interior walls of the arteries?

atherosclerosis

(ATHER/O means plaque or fatty substance, and -SCLEROSIS means abnormal hardening).

3

A/An ___ is a blood clot attached to the interior wall of a vein or artery.

thrombus

(THROMB means clot, and -US is a singular noun ending).

4

What is the medical term for inflammation of a vein?

phlebitis

(PHLEB means vein, and -ITIS means inflammation).

5

What type of medication blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels to contract, resulting in hypertension?

ACE inhibitor

6

Which condition is characterized by intermittent episodes of skin in the affected areas turning white or blue associated with numbness?

Raynaud's disease

7

Which of the following options describes thrombocytopenia?

abnormally small number of platelets in the blood

8

Which medication is an anticoagulant that is administered to prevent blood clots from forming or growing larger?

Coumadin

9

Which of the following characteristics describes polycythemia?

cancer characterized by an increased number of red cells in the bone marrow

10

Which of the following consists of epithelial tissue and is the inner lining of the heart?

endocardium

(ENDO- means within, CARDI means heart, and -UM is a singular noun ending).

11

What is the medical term for the lower two chambers of the heart?

ventricles

12

Which of the following options describes hypoperfusion?

a deficiency of blood passing through an organ or body part

13

Which of the following options describes temporal arteritis?

inflammation of the temporal arteries supplying blood to the head and brain

14

What does the suffix -CRASIA mean in the medical term blood dyscrasia?

a mixture or blending

15

Low blood pressure that occurs upon standing up is known as ---.

orthostatic hypotension

16

A(n) --- is a battery-powered device that can be attached externally or implanted under the skin to regulate the heartbeat.

pacemaker

17

Mr. Decena was rushed to the hospital with a heart attack. The medical term for this medical emergency is ---.

myocardial infarction

18

The radiographic test that provides an image of specific veins after injection of a contrast dye is known as ---.

venography

(VEN/O means vein, and -GRAPHY means the process of recording).

19

A benign tumor made up of newly formed blood vessels is known as a/an ---.

hemangioma

(HEM means blood, ANGI means blood or lymph vessel, and -OMA means tumor)

20

The surgical removal of the lining of a portion of an artery leading to the brain that is clogged with plaque is known as a/an ---.

carotid endarterectomy

21

The general term used to describe elevated levels of cholesterol and other fatty substances in the blood is ---.

hyperlipidemia

(HYPER- means excessive, LIPID means fat, and -EMIA means blood condition).

22

A type of cancer characterized by the insufficient production of one or more types of blood cells due to dysfunction of the bone marrow is ---.

myelodysplastic syndrome

23

An event in which the heart abruptly stops beating or develops an arrhythmia that prevents it from pumping blood effectively is called ---.

cardiac arrest

24

Umberto was referred to a/an --- who specializes in diagnosing and treating blood disorders.

hematologist

(HEMAT means blood, and -OLOGIST means specialist)

25

Select word parts from the selection menus below to construct the correct medical term for the definition.

Clue: the surgical repair of a heart valve

VALVUL/O-PLASTY

(VALVUL/O means valve, and -PLASTY means surgical repair).

26

Select word parts from the selection menus below to construct the correct medical term for the definition.

Clue: a type of anemia characterized by an absence of all formed blood elements

A-PLAST-IC

(A- means without, PLAST means growth, and -IC means pertaining to).