Medical Terminology for Health Professions, Spiral bound Version: Chapter 4: The Muscular System Flashcards


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1

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2

What is the medical term for movement toward the midline?

adduction

(AD- means toward, DUCT means to lead, and -ION means action)

3

What is the medical term for a disease characterized by the simultaneous inflammation of voluntary muscles in many parts of the body?

polymyositis

(POLY- means many, MYOS means muscle, and -ITIS means inflammation).

4

What is the medical term for the release of a tendon from adhesions?

tenolysis

(TEN/O means tendon, and -LYSIS means to set free).

5

What is the medical term for paralysis of all four extremities?

quadriplegia

(QUADR/I means four, and -PLEGIA means paralysis).

6

What is the medical term for a band of fibers that hold structures together abnormally?

adhesion

7

Which specialist works under a physician's supervision to develop, implement, and coordinate exercise programs?

exercise physiologist

8

Which option describes chronic fatigue syndrome?

a disorder of unknown cause that affects many body systems and is characterized by profound fatigue

9

Which of the following is a group of genetic diseases characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of the skeletal muscles?

muscular dystrophy

10

What is the medical term for decreasing the angle between two bones by bending a limb at a joint?

flexion

(FLEX means to bend and -ION means action).

11

Which of the following options describes circumduction?

the circular movement at the far end of a limb

12

Which of the following health care providers specializes in the prevention and treatment of injuries of the bones, joints, and muscles?

sports medicine physician

13

What does the word root SARC mean in the term sarcopenia?

flesh

(SARC/O means flesh and -PENIA means deficiency).

14

What is singultus commonly known as?

hiccups

15

A diagnostic test involving recording the electrical activity within muscle fibers in response to nerve stimulation is known as ---.

electromyography

(ELECTR/O means electricity, MY/O means muscle, and -GRAPHY means the process of producing a picture or record).

16

Brian Hamilton has ---, which is an inflammation of the tissues surrounding his elbow.

epicondylitis

(EPI- means on, CONDYL means condyle, and -ITIS means inflammation).

17

--- muscles are attached to the bones of the skeleton and make body movements possible.

Skeletal

18

Ginger Williams has pain in her heel caused by a calcium deposit. This calcium deposit is known as a heel ---.

spur

19

The weakness or wearing away of body tissues and structures is known as ---.

atrophy

20

A/An --- blocker is a drug that causes temporary paralysis by blocking the transmission of nerve stimuli to the muscles.

neuromuscular

21

One of the signs of Parkinson’s disease is ---, or extreme slowness in movement.

bradykinesia

(BRADY- means slow, KINES means movement, and -IA means condition).

22

Inflammation of the sheath surrounding a tendon is known as ---.

tenosynovitis

(TEN/O means tendon, SYNOV means synovial membrane, and -ITIS means inflammation).

23

chronic pain disorder that affects muscles and fascia throughout the body is called ---.

myofascial pain syndrome

24

The suffix -RHAPHY in the term myorrhaphy means ---.

surgical suturing

(MY/O means muscle and -RRHAPHY means surgical suturing).

25

Select word parts from the selection menus below to construct the correct medical term for the definition.

Clue: abnormally increased muscle function or activity

HYPER-KINES-IA

(HYPER- means excessive, KINES means movement, and -IA means condition).

26

Select word parts from the selection menus below to construct the correct medical term for the definition.

Clue: inflammation of a fascia

FASCI-ITIS

(FASCI means fascia, and -ITIS means inflammation).