ABO - Pathology Flashcards


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created 3 years ago by OpticalNerd
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1

Aphakia

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An absence of the crystalline lens of the eye (pseudophakia: having a false lens).

2

Cataracts

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A condition when the crystalline lens of the eye becomes opaque.

Congenital cataract: one, which originates at birth.
Hyper-mature: the lens has become either solid and shrunken or soft and liquid.
Incipient: any cataract in its early stages.
Mature: the lens is completely opaque.
Senile: a hard opacity of the lens occurring in the aged.
Traumatic: cataract following an injury.

3

Conjunctivitis

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Inflammation of the conjunctiva; commonly referred to as "pink eye."

4

Cycloplegia

Paralysis of the ciliary body; cycloplegic drops are used for diagnostic purposes.

5

Glaucoma

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An ocular disease having as its primary characteristic a sustained increase in
intraocular pressure that the eye cannot withstand without damage to its
structure or impairment of its function. Primary symptom is a loss of peripheral
vision

6

Mydriasis

Prolonged or excessive dilation of the pupil of the eye. Mydriatic drops cause
such dilation.

7

Nystagmus

Rapid, involuntary oscillation of the eyeballs, usually the result of brain or ear
disease.

8

Photophobia

Abnormal sensitivity to light; light discomfort.

9

Ptosis

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Paralytic drooping of the upper eyelid.

10

Scotoma

A blind area of reduced vision in the visual field.

11

Strabismus

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Failure of the two eyes to simultaneously direct their gaze at the same object
because of muscle imbalance