Chapter 6 - Understanding Organic Reactions Flashcards


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1
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Determine whether the reaction is a substitution, elimination or addition?

Elimination

2
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Determine whether the reaction is a substitution, elimination or addition?

Addition

3
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Determine whether the reaction is a substitution, elimination or addition?

Substitution

4

What is the difference between a radical, carbocation, and carbanion?

Radicals are formed through homolysis whereas carbocations and carbanions are formed via heterolysis. Radicals and carbocations are electrophiles whereas carbanions are nucleophiles.

5

Draw an energy diagram for a one step endothermic reaction. Label key components: Axis, Energy of Activation, and Overall Enthalpy

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6

Draw an energy diagram for a one step exothermic reaction. Label key components: Axis, Energy of Activation, and Overall Enthalpy

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7

What is the difference between thermodynamics and kinetics?

Thermodynamics has to do with difference in energy between products and reactants and equilibrium, whereas kinetic describes reaction rates.

8
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Draw the structure for the transition state in the reaction

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9
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Draw the structure for the transition state in the reaction

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10

What factors affect the rate of the reaction?

Energy of activation, the concentration, and temperature. Catalysts also affect the rate.

11
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Write the rate equation for the reaction, given the indicated mechanism

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