Medical Terminology Chp 7 Muscular System Flashcards


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Muscular System
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1

In the term hydrotherapy, the suffix -therapy means:

a. treatment

b. form

c. process

d. condition

a. treatment

2

The surgical removal of a limb, part, or other appendage is:

a. contracture

b. amputation

c. structure

d. suspension

b. amputation

3

The __________ position is where the body is erect, head facing forward, arms by the sides with palms to the front.

a. supine

b. Sims

c. Fowlers

d. anatomic

d. anatomic

4

The suffix -oma means

a. study of

b. pain

c. germ cell

d. tumor

d. tumor

5

Which word means -spasm

a. pain

b. tension

c. to draw together

d. cramp

b. tension

6

In the term tenodynia, the suffix -dynia means:

a. binding

b. incision

c. pain

d. suture

c. pain

7

In the term rheumatism, the root rheumat means:

a. discharge

b. weakness

c. fever

d. process

a. discharge

8

A muscle having three heads with a single insertion is called:

a. biceps

b. uniceps

c. quadriceps

d. triceps

d. triceps

9

In the term torsion, the root tors means:

a. twisted

b. below

c. excessive

d. lack of

a. twisted

10

In the term tenodesis, the suffix -desis means:

a. binding

b. surgical repair

c. excision

d. incision

a. binding

11

The sartorious muscle _______________.

a. flexes and rotates the thigh and leg

b. flexes the knee

c. plantar flexes the knee

d. extends the hip and assists flexion of the hip

a. flexes and rotates the thigh and leg

12

In the term isometric the root is/o means

a. within

b. different

c. equal

d. alone

c. equal

13

A tumor of striated muscle tissue is known as a:

a. rhabdomyoma

b. sarcoma

c. myoma

d. none of these

a. rhabdomyoma

14

The position used for patients with dyspnea is:

a. Fowler's

b. anatomic

c. lithotomy

d. orthopneic

d. orthopneic

15

The root mast in sternocleidomastoid means:

a. clavicle

b. resemble

c. breast

d. sternum

c. breast

16

Which of the following terms refers to the softening of muscle tissue?

a. myoplasty

b. myomalacia

c. myoma

d. myopathy

b. myomalacia

17

Muscles make up approximately __________ of a person's body weight.

a. 46

b. 32

c. 42

d. 38

c. 42

18

The root in myosarcoma means:

a. bone

b. flesh

c. suture

d. tumor

b. flesh

19

In the term myomalacia, the suffix -malacia means:

a. hardening

b. forming

c. softening

d. resembling

c. softening

20

In the term amputation, the root amputat means:

a. new opening

b. incision

c. excision

d. to cut through

d. to cut through

21

In the term dermatomyositis, the combining form my/o means:

a. skin

b. to cut

c. nail

d. muscle

d. muscle

22

The medical term for pain in the arm is:

a. brachialis

b. brachium

c. brachialgia

d. bradykinesia

c. brachialgia

23

The suffix -rrhapy means

a. suture

b. removal

c. bursting forth

d. surgical repair

a. suture

24

Skeletal muscle is also known as ____________ muscles.

a. voluntary

b. cardiac

c. striated

d. both voluntary and striated

d. both voluntary and striated

25

Which of the following terms describes a protein found in muscle cells?

a. dystrophian

b. dystonia

c. dystrophin

d. dystrophy

c. dystrophin

26

Which of the following terms refers to a point of attachment of a muscle to the part that it moves?

a. intramuscular contraction

b. insertion

c. attachor

d. muscular dystrophy

b. insertion