Exercise 5-6 in the Lab Manual

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Test 3 of lab
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1

A group of similar cells and associated structures(the matrix) that function together to carry out specific activities

Tissue

2

What are the basic types of tissue in the human body?

Epithelial tissue, connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue

3

What covers body surfaces and/or lines hollows organs, body cavities, and ducts. It can also form certain types of glands?

Epithelial Tissue

4

What kind of tissue is often found connecting structures together. It protects and supports the body or specific parts of the body, secures organs to other structures, serves as an energy reserve(fat), provides immunity and transports substances through out the body(blood)?

Connective tissue

5

What is two or more tissues that function together to perform specific activities?

Organ

6

Epithelium consisting or one layer of thin flat, scale-like cells.

Simple squamous epithelium

7

What location do you find simple squamous epithelium cells in the body?

kidneys, blood vessels

8

What is the function of simple squamous epithelium cells?

Allows passage of materials by diffusion and filtration in sites where protection is not important; secrets lubrication substances in serosae.

9

composed of one layer of cells with cells that are somewhat cube shaped and are tightly joined together forming tine tubes

simple cuboidal epithelium

10

line the cavities and surfaces of structures throughout the body, and also form many glands

simple cuboidal epithelium

11

Where is the lumen in a simple cuboidal epithelium

in the center of the cubed cell

12

what are some locations of simple cuboidal epithelium tissue?

ducts and secretory portions of small glands, ovary surface, and kidney

13

What is the function of simple cuboidal epithelium tissue

secretion and absorption

14

Epithelium tissue that is longer than it is wide with the nucluei found in the base of the cell; often you will see goblet cells in this tissue

simple columnar epithelium

15

Where in the body are simple columnar epithelium tissue found?

gallbladder, digestive track and some regions of the uterus

16

What is the function of simple columnar epithelium tissue?

absorption and secretion of mucus, enzymes; ciliated types propels mucus by ciliated action

17

Epithelium made up of cells that reach the basement membrane and appear to be stratified because their nuclei are at different levels.

pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium

18

What is the function of pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium?

secretion, particularly of mucus, propulsion of mucus by cillary action

19

Where in the body do you find pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium

trachea, most of the upper respiratory tract, and male sperm

20

The nuclei of the cells can be seen at different levels and not all of the cells seems to reach the surface; However each cell attaches to the basement membrane, so there is only one layer of cells even though there appears to be more

pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium

21

Epithelium that occurs in layers where the surface cells are squamous in shape

statified ciliated epithelium

22

Where is stratified ciliated epithelium found in the body?

esophagus, mouth, vagina and epidermis of the skin

23

What is the function of stratified ciliated epithelium tissue?

Protects underlying tissues in areas subjected to abrasions

24

In the upper layers of the cell of a stratified squamous epithelium the shape of the nuclei are _________?

squamous or flat like

25

In the deeper layers of the cell of a stratified squamous epithelium the shape of the nuclei are _________?

Round

26

A type of loose connective tissue

Areolar connective tissue

27

________ tissue is composed of a loose arrangement of cells which lie in a matrix that is composed of ground substance and fibers.

Connective Tissue

28

Collagen, elastic and reticular fibers are found in which type of tissue

Areolar connective tissue

29

Areolar tissue is prevalently found where?

under epithella of body; mucus membranes; packages organs, and surrounds capillaries

30

What is the function of Areolar connective tissue?

wraps and cushions organs; holds and conveys tissue fluids

31

Composed of dense, regular connective tissue.

Tendons

32

In addition to tendons what other structures are composed of dense connective tissue

most ligaments and aponeuroses

33

What is the function of dense connective tissue?

Attaches muscle to bone or muscle to muscle

34

You will find Collagen fibers, and fibroblast in what connective tissue?

dense connective tissue

35

You will find collagen fibers, fat cells, elastic fibers, fibroblast and ground substance in which connective tissue?

Areolar connective tissue

36

the gel-like material in which connective tissue cells and fibers are embedded.

ground substance

37

A connective tissue found along with areolar connective tissue

Adipose connective tissue

38

Fat cells are called what?

adipocytes

39

Where in the body to you find adipose tissue?

under skin, around kidneys in the breast

40

What are some functions of adipose tissue?

reserve food fuel, insulates against heat loss, supports and protects organs

41

Has more rigidity than other types of connective tissue

Hyaline cartilage

42

What is chondroitin sulfate?

jelly like material in the ground substance

43

Where in the body do you find hyaline cartilage?

long bones, embrionic skeleton, costal cartilages of the ribs

44

What is the function of hyaline cartilage?

supports and reinforces; has resilient cushioning properties

45
card image

What kind of tissue is this?

Adipose tissue

46
card image

What kind of tissue is this?

Adipose Tissue

47
card image

What kind of tissue is this?

Adipose Tissue

48
card image

What kind of tissue is this?

Dense regular connective tissue

49
card image

What kind of tissue is this?

Dense regular connective tissue

50
card image

What kind of tissue is this?

Dense regular connective tissue

51
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What kind of tissue is this?

Loose Areolar connective tissue

52
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What kind of tissue is this?

Loose Areolar connective tissue

53
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What kind of tissue is this?

Pseudostratified ciliated columnar

54
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What kind of tissue is this?

Simple Columnar

55
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What kind of tissue is this?

Simple Columnar

56
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What kind of tissue is this?

Simple Columnar

57
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What kind of tissue is this?

Simple Columnar

58
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What kind of tissue is this?

Simple columnar

59
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What kind of tissue is this?

Simple Cuboidal

60
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What kind of tissue is this?

Simple Cuboidal

61
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What kind of tissue is this?

Simple Squamous

62
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What kind of tissue is this?

Simple Squamous

63
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What kind of tissue is this?

Stratified Squamous

64
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What kind of tissue is this?

Hyaline Cartilage

65
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What kind of tissue is this?

Hyaline Cartilage

66

Name the types of Connective Tissue?

Areolar, Adipose, hyaline, dense regular connective

67

Name the one layer Epithelium tissue.

Simple Squamous, Simple Cuboidal, Simple Columnar, and Psuedostratified Ciliated Columnar

68
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What is A in this picture?

Epidermis

69
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What is B in this picture?

Dermis

70
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What is C in this picture?

Hypodermis

71
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What is 1 in this picture?

Stratum Corneum

72
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What is 2 in this picture?

Stratum Granulosum

73
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What is 3 in this picture?

Stratum Spinosum

74
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What is 4 in this picture?

Stratum Basale

75
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What is 5 in this picture?

Dermal Papilla

76
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What is 6 in this picture?

Hair Shaft

77
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What is 7 in this picture?

Hair Root

78
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What is 8 in this picture?

Hair Bulb

79
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What is 9 in this picture?

Hair Papilla

80
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What is 10 in this picture?

Hair Follicle

81
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What is 11 in this picture?

Arrector Pili muscle

82
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What is 12 in this picture?

Sebaceous gland(sweat)

83
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What is 13 in this picture?

Sudoriferous gland(oil)

84
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What is 14 in this picture?

Duct of the Sudoriferous gland

85
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What is 15 in this picture?

Pore of the Sudoriferous

86
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What is 16 in this picture?

meissner's corpuscle(touch, light pressure)

87
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What is 17 in this picture?

pacinian corpuscle(heavy pressure)

88
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What is 18 in this picture?

Adipose Tissue

89
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What is 19 in this picture?

Nerve

90
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What is 20 in this picture?

blood vessels(red and blue)

91

Is the largest and most versatile organ in the body

Skin

92

What kind of tissue is skin composed of?

stratified squamous epithelium, dense connective tissue, areolar connective tissue, adipose connective tissue

93

A group of organs that function for a common purpose

system

94

What is the primary function of skin?

Protection

95

A chemical that helps waterproof skin is called?

keratin

96

What is the most superficial layer of the epidermis?

sratum corneum

97

What is the deepest layer of the epidermis?

Stratum basale(germinativum)

98

Where does an arrector pili muscle attach?

hair follicle

99

What is the function of stratum corneum?

barrier function of the skin

100

What is the function of stratum gerinativum (basale)

skin regeneration

101

What is the function of keratin?

strengthens skin and helps waterproof

102

What is the function of the papilla?

holds capillaries that provide nutrients to growing hair follicles

103

What is the function of sudoriferous glands

body temp regulation

104

What is the function of sebaceous glands?

oil secretion

105

What is the function of Arrector pili?

raise hair when cold or frightened

106

The dermis contains what layers?

hypodermis

107

What kind of connective tissue is in the hypodermis?

areolar and adipose connective tissue

108

The outermost cells of the epidermis is?

stratum corneum

109

The bottom layer of epidermis that constantly makes new cells and pushes them toward the top surface is?

stratum basale(germinativum)

110

The three major layers of the skin are?

epidermis, dermis and hypodermis

111
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What is 9 in this picture?

Hair papilla

112
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What is 10 of this picture?

Hair follicle

113
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What is 11 in this picture?

arrector pillae muscle

114
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What is 12 in this picture?

sebaceous gland

115
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What is 13 in this picture?

sudoriferous gland

116
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What is 14 in this picture?

duct of sudoriferous gland

117
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What is A in this picture?

Epidermis

118
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What is B in this picture?

Dermis

119
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What is C in this picture?

Hypodermis

120
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What is 1 in this picture?

Stratum corneum

121
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What is 2 in this picture?

Stratum granulosum

122
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What is 3 in this picture?

Stratum spinosum

123
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What is 4 in this picture?

Stratum basale

124
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What is 5 in this picture?

Dermal Papilla

125
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What is 6 in this picture?

hair shaft

126
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What is 7 in this picture?

hair root

127
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What is 8 in this picture?

hair bulb

128
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What is 9 in this picture?

hair papilla

129
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What is 10 in this picture?

Hair follicle

130
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What is 11 in this picture?

Arrector Pilli muscle

131
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What is 12 in this picture?

Sebaceous gland(oil)

132
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What is 13 in this picture?

sudoriferous gland(sweat)

133
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What is 14 in this picture?

duct of sudoriferous

134
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What is 16 in this picture?

meissner's corpuscle

135
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What is 17 in this picture?

pacinian corpuscle

136
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What is 18 in this picture?

adipose tissue

137
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What is 19 in this picture?

Nerve

138
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What is 20 in this picture?

Blood vessel

139
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What is the pointer on in this picture?

Arrector Pillae

140
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What is the pointer on in this picture?

Hair bulb/ Papilla

141
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What is the pointer on in this picture?

Sebaceous gland

142
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What is the pointer on in this picture?

Sudorifereous (sweat) gland

143
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What is to the left of the pointer in this picture?

Hyaline cartilage

144
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What is to the right of this picture?

Spongy bone

145
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What are the arrows pointing to in this picture?

Epiphyseal plate

146
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What is the thick white stuff in this picture?

Articular(hyaline) cartilage