Human Anatomy & Physiology

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1

1-Which of the following is not one of the functions of blood?

to protect vital organs
to transport and exchange gases
to maintain body temperature
blood clotting

to protect vital organs

2

2- The most abundant component of plasma is:
water.
proteins.
gases.
ions.

water

3

3-Which of the following characteristics is not associated with erythrocytes?

Biconcave discs
Filled with hemoglobin
Anucleate
Capable of protein synthesis

Capable of protein synthesis

4

4-What is the oxygen-binding protein found in erythrocytes?

hemoglobin
albumin
gamma globulin
beta globulin

hemoglobin

5

5-Bilirubin comes from the breakdown of:

heme molecules of hemoglobin that lack iron.
amino acids of hemoglobin.
iron ions found in hemoglobin molecules.
globin chains of hemoglobin.

heme molecules of hemoglobin that lack iron.

6

6-During leukopoiesis, neutrophils are derived from __________.

proerythroblasts
lymphoblast
myeloblasts
monoblasts

myeloblasts

7

7-Which type of leukocyte may produce antibodies?

lymphocyte
neutrophil
monocyte
eosinophil

lymphocyte

8

8-Which of the following characteristics is not associated with platelets?

They do not have a nucleus.
They contain granules with clotting factors and enzymes.
They are cell fragments.
They are incapable of oxidative catabolism.

They are incapable of oxidative catabolism.

9

9-The enzyme that coverts fibrinogen to fibrin is __________.

thrombin
tissue factor
prothrombin
factor Xa

thrombin

10

10-Select the appropriate pathway for the steps of hemostasis.

vascular spasms, platelet plug formation, coagulation, thrombolysis, clot retraction
platelet plug formation, vascular spasms, coagulation, clot retraction, thrombolysis
vascular spasms, platelet plug formation, coagulation, clot retraction, thrombolysis
vascular spasms, coagulation, platelet plug formation, clot retraction, thrombolysi

vascular spasms, platelet plug formation, coagulation, clot retraction, thrombolysis

11

11-In the common pathway of coagulation, what factor combines with factor Va and calcium ions to form prothrombin activator?

VIIa
IXa
Xa
XIIa

Xa

12

12-Which of the following donors will be suitable for a recipient with type A+ blood?

A donor with AB+ blood
A donor with AB- blood
A donor with B+ blood
A donor with O- blood

A donor with O- blood 13-

13
card image

13-Match the following blood types. In the left column, the blood sample is combined with an anti-A antibody; in the right column, the blood sample is combined with an anti-B antibody.

Type AB

A
C
D
B

C

14
card image

14-Match the following blood types. In the left column, the blood sample is combined with an anti-A antibody; in the right column, the blood sample is combined with an anti-B antibody

Type A
D
B
A
C

A

15
card image

15-Match the following blood types. In the left column, the blood sample is combined with an anti-A antibody; in the right column, the blood sample is combined with an anti-B antibody

Type O

D
B
C
A

D

16
card image

16- Match the following blood types. In the left column, the blood sample is combined with an anti-A antibody; in the right column, the blood sample is combined with an anti-B antibody
Type B
B
A
D
C

B

17
card image

17-Match the following blood types. In the left column, the blood sample is combined with an anti-A antibody; in the right column, the blood sample is combined with an anti-B antibody

Lacks the A and B antigens

B
D
C
A

D

18
card image

18-Match the following blood types. In the left column, the blood sample is combined with an anti-A antibody; in the right column, the blood sample is combined with an anti-B antibody

Possesses both the A and B antigens
B
D
C
A

C

19

19-Jerry is an alcoholic and does not eat enough food. He has been diagnosed with a vitamin deficiency. What blood disorder is the most likely a result of this deficiency?

aplastic anemia
pernicious anemia
hemolytic anemia
iron-deficiency anemia

pernicious anemia

20

20-Platelets form from large cells called __________.

lymphoblasts
megakaryocytes
macrophages
thrombocytes

megakaryocytes

21

21-When is fibrin produced during the coagulation cascade?

extrinsic pathway
intrinsic pathway
common pathway
both intrinsic and extrinsic pathways

common pathway

22

22-What ions are necessary for both the intrinsic and extrinsic pathways to the coagulation cascade?

iron ions
calcium ions
magnesium ions
potassium ions

calcium ions

23

23-When fibrin levels increase, thrombin production is inhibited. This is an example of a __________.

vascular spasm
fibrinolysis
negative feedback loop
positive feedback loop

negative feedback loop

24

24-The process by which a blood clot dissolves is called __________.

thrombolysis
anticoagulation
coagulation
clot retraction

thrombolysis