71 notecards = 18 pages (4 cards per page)
Which is not a major function of the kidney?
This is the formation of a new glucose molecule.
Which of the following is a waste product normally excreted by the kidneys?
This is smooth dense irregular connective tissue that is continuous with the outer coat of the ureter.
The portion of the kidney that extends between the renal pyramids is called the
Which is the correct order of blood flow?
Which is the correct order of filtrate flow?
Which structure of the nephron reabsorbs the most substances?
This is the structure of the nephron that filters blood.
This term means the return of substances into the blood stream from the filtrate.
This is a nephron process that results in a substance in blood entering the already formed filtrate.
This layer of filtration membrane is composed of collagen fibers and proteoglycans in a glycoprotein matrix.
This occurs when stretching triggers contraction of smooth muscle walls in afferent arterioles.
This occurs when a substance passes from the fluid in the tubular lumen through the apical membrane, across the cytosol, and then into the interstitial fluid.
Once fluid enters the proximal convoluted tubule
The proximal convoluted tubules reabsorb what percentage of filtered water?
Which of the following is NOT a way angiotensin II affects the kidneys?
Urea recycling can cause a buildup of urea in the
Increased secretion of Hydrogen ions would result in a ______________ of blood ____________?
Increased secretion of Aldosterone would result in a ______________ of blood ____________?
The ascending loop of Henle is impermeable to
An analysis of the physical, chemical and microscopic properties of urine is called
Water accounts for what percentage of the total volume of urine?
This is a test to measure kidney function.
This transports urine from the kidney to the bladder.
This layer of the ureter is composed of connective tissue, elastic and collagen fibers.
This lies in the anterior cornea of the trigone of the bladder.
This is composed of dense irregular tissue that runs continuous with the ureter.
This layers main function is to protect the kidney from trauma and hold it in place within the abdominal cavity.
This layer runs deep to the peritoneum on the anterior surface of the kidneys.
This can be divided into the cortical zone and the juxtamedullary zone.
Where is the parenchyma?
Each kidney can have anywhere from 8 to 18 of these.
This structure is the apex of a renal pyramid.
This is where the hilum extends into the kidney.
Urine formed by the nephrons first drains into these.
What two structures comprise the renal corpuscle?
Where is the distal convoluted tubule?
Where is the arcuate vein?
Where is the ascending limb of the Loop of Henle?
Where is the corticomedullary junction?
Where is the papillary duct?
What does line “M” point to?
What is line “C” pointing to?
What is line “A” pointing to?
What is line “B” pointing to?
What is line “C” pointing to?
What is line “D” pointing to?
Fluid flowing from point N in the figure will go to which structure next?
Fluid flowing from point G in the figure will go to which structure next?
Fluid flowing from point H in the figure will go to which structure next?
Fluid flowing from point B in the figure will go to which of the following structures?
Which vessel in the diagram is the afferent arteriole?
Which vessel in the diagram is the interlobular vein?
Which vessel(s) in the diagram are the vasa recta?
Which vessel in the diagram is the interlobular artery?
Which vessel in the diagram is the arcuate artery?
Which vessel(s) in the diagram are the peritubular capillaries?
An increase in permeability of the filtration membrane due to disease, injury, or irritation of kidney cells by substances such as bacterial toxins, ether, or heavy metals indicates which condition?
Anorexia, starvation, or a diet too low in carbohydrates indicates which condition?
Stress, causing excessive amounts of epinephrine secretion which stimulates glycogen breakdown, indicates which condition? This condition can also indicate diabetes mellitus.
Excessive urine concentration of a normal breakdown product of hemoglobin, caused by pernicious anemia, infectious hepatitis, jaundice or cirrhosis, indicates which condition?
This substance gives bile its major pigmentation:
These are tiny masses of material, hardened in the lumen of the urinary tubule and are flushed out when filtrate builds up behind them:
Candida albicans and E. coli are which type of abnormal constituent of urine:
Which is the normal pH range of urine in humans?
What is the normal volume of urine produced in humans?
What is the normal specific gravity range of urine in humans?
This hormone is released when the blood volume increases.
Consumption of salty food will cause an increase in this hormone.
Absence of angiotensin converting enzyme will lead to