ATI Skills Module - Physical Assessment of a Child Flashcards


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1

Obtain the temperature on infants from

rectal

2

Obtain the temperature on toddler from

axilla

3

Obtain the temperature on preschool from

ear

4

Obtain the temperature on adolescence from

oral

5

Obtain the pulse rate on infants from

apex of the heart (using bell)

6

When checking turgor on infants, toddler and preschooler, check the skin on the

lower abdomen (belly)

7

When checking turgor on children and adolescence check the skin

under clavicle

8

A nurse is documenting findings from a physical examination. Which of the following statements indicates correct charting?

Regular heart rate and rhythm: S1, S2 heard.

This is clear, concise charting for heart sounds.

9

Which of the following techniques is appropriate when obtaining a blood pressure on a child?

Use a cuff with bladder covering 80 to 100% of the arm circumference

10

A nurse is examining an 18-month-old child ears during a well child visit. Which of the following techniques should the nurse use?

have the parent hold the child securely in their lap.

The parents lap is the most secure and safe position for a child.

11

A nurse is testing a child for strabismus. Which of the following is the correct technique fro performing this examination?

perform the cover-uncover test

This test identifies whether a child has strabismus or nonbinocular vision.

12

Which of the following communication techniques is most appropriate fro a nurse to employ during the physical examination of a 10 year old?

Use books and other visual aids to advance the interview

13

A nurse is performing an annual physical examination on an adolescent. Which of the following should be included in the general survey?

the patient makes good eye contact

This information is included in the general survey. The survey includes identifying the patients demeanor, mood and interactions with others.

14

A nurse is obtaining a problem-oriented history from a preschool-aged child. The nurse should consider that children form this age group typically can?

describe the symptoms

Preschoolers are usually able to describe symptoms to their problems.

15

When performing an otoscopy examination on a 2-year old child, the nurse should pull the pinna

down and back

This is the correct technique for straightening an ear canal of a 2 year old because it curves upward.

16

A nurse is performing an abortion examination on a preschooler. Which of the following instructions should the nurse give to the child when performing abdominal palpitation

Place your hand under mine

Allowing the child to touch her abdomen during the examination will promote relaxation.

17

When assessing a school age child for scoliosis, it is important to have the child?

bend forward with the knees straight and the arms dangling.

This position allows for any adequate visualization of any asymmetry.