medical terminology

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1

The combining form that means life is ________.

bi/o

2

The combining form that means abdomen is ________.

abdomin/o

3

The combining form that means cancer is ________.

carcin/o

4

The combining form that means heart is ________.

cardi/o

5

The combining form that means chemical is ________.

chem/o

6

The combining form that means to cut is ________.

cis/o

7

The combining form that means skin is ________.

dermat/o

8

The combining form that means small intestine is ________.

enter/o

9

The combining form that means stomach is ________.

gastr/o

10

The combining form that means female is ________.

gynec/o

11

The combining form that means blood is ________.

hemat/o

12

The combining form that means immunity is ________.

immun/o

13

The combining form that means voice box is ________.

laryng/o

14

The combining form that means kidney is ________.

nephr/o

15

The combining form that means nerve is ________.

neur/o

16

A combining form that means eye is ________.

ophthalm/o

17

The combining form that means ear is ________.

ot/o

18

17) The combining form that means disease is ________.

path/o

19

The combining form that means lung is ________.

pulmon/o

20

The combining form that means nose is ________.

rhin/o

21

A prefix that means fast is ________.

tachy-

22

A prefix that means against is ________.

anti-

23

A prefix that means self is ________.

auto-

24

A prefix that means slow is ________.

brady-

25

A prefix that means painful or difficult is ________.

dys-

26

A prefix that means within or inner is ________.

endo-

27

A prefix that means above is ________.

epi-

28

A prefix that means normal is ________.

eu-

29

A prefix that means outward is ________.

ex-

30

A prefix that means outside of is ________.

extra-

31

A prefix that means different is ________.

hetero-

32

A prefix that means same is ________.

homo-

33

A prefix that means between is ________.

inter-

34

A prefix that means within is ________.

intra-; endo-

35

A prefix that means large is ________.

macro-

36

A prefix that means new is ________.

neo-

37

A prefix that means after is ________.

post-

38

A prefix that means false is ________.

pseudo

39

A prefix that means across is ________.

trans-

40

A prefix that means two is ________.

bi-

41

A prefix that means normal is ________.

eu-

42

A prefix that means outward is ________.

ex-

43

A prefix that means four is ________.

quadri-; tetra-

44

A prefix that means three is ________.

tri-

45

A prefix that means none is ________.

nulli-

46

A prefix that means small is ________.

micro-

47

A prefix that means all is ________.

pan-

48

A suffix that means enlarged is ________.

-megaly

49

A suffix that means protrusion is ________.

-cele

50

A suffix that means pain is ________.

-dynia; -algia

51

A suffix that means cell is ________.

-cyte

52

A suffix that means dilation is ________.

-ectasis

53

A suffix that means inflammation is ________.

-itis

54

A suffix that means one who studies is ________.

-logist

55

A suffix that means study of is ________.

-logy

56

A suffix that means destruction is ________.

-lytic

57

A suffix that means abnormal softening is ________.

malacia

58

A suffix that means tumor or mass is ________.

-oma

59

A suffix that means disease is ________.

-pathy

60

A suffix that means drooping is ________.

-ptosis

61

A suffix that means drooping is ________.

-ptosis

62

A suffix that means rupture is ________.

-rrhexis

63

A suffix that means hardening is ________.

-scerosis

64

A suffix that means narrowing is ________.

-stenosis

65

A suffix that means treatment is ________.

-therapy

66

A suffix that means puncture to withdraw fluid is ________.

-centesis

67

A suffix that means surgical removal is ________.

-ectomy

68

A suffix that means surgically create an opening is ________.

-ostomy

69

A suffix that means surgical fixation is ________.

-pexy

70

A suffix that means surgical repair is ________.

-plasty

71

A suffix that means suture is ________.

-rrhaphy

72

A suffix that means record or picture is ________.

-gram

73

A suffix that means process of recording is ________.

-graphy

74

A suffix that means instrument for measuring is ________.

-meter

75

A suffix that means process of measuring is ________.

-metry

76

A suffix that means instrument for viewing is ________.

-scope

77

A suffix that means process of visually examining is ________.

-scopy

78

A suffix that means pertaining to visually examining is ________.

-scopic

79

True/False

A combining form consists of a word root and combining vowel.

True

80

True/False

All medical terms must have a prefix

FALSE

81

True/False

Different pronunciations of medical terms are acceptable.

True

82

True/False

Different spellings of medical terms are acceptable.

False

83

True/False

Terms ending in -a are pluralized by simply adding an -e to the end of the term.

TRUE

84

True/False

Terms ending in -um are pluralized by simply adding an -s to the end of the term.

FALSE

85

True/False

Abbreviations are an important part of learning medical terminology.

TRUE

86

True/False

A History and Physical is written each time a specialist evaluates a patient.

FALSE

87

True/False

Ancillary Reports are written by the anesthesiologist and surgeon.

FALSE

88

True/False

A Pathologist's Report gives the results of the examination of tissue removed from a patient.

TRUE

89

True/False

The results from the lab and X-rays are given in a Diagnostic Report.

TRUE

90

True/False

The Informed Consent must be signed by a patient voluntarily.

TRUE

91

True/False

A psychiatric hospital is an example of an ambulatory care center.

FALSE

92

The suffix -gram means a record or picture.

TRUE

93

True/False

The suffix -scope means instrument for measuring.

FALSE

94

True/False

The suffix -tome means instrument to cut.

TRUE

95

True/False

The suffix -ectomy means to surgically repair.

FALSE

96

True/False

The suffix -pexy means surgical fixation.

TRUE

97

True/False

The suffix -otomy means to surgically remove.

FALSE

98

True/False

The suffix -osis means abnormal condition.

TRUE

99

True/False

The suffix -trophy means treatment.

FALSE

100

True/False

The suffix -genic means producing.

TRUE

101

True/False

The prefix mono- means one.

TRUE

102

True/False

The prefix multi- means none.

FALSE

103

True/False

The prefixes quadri- and tetra- have the same meaning.

TRUE

104

True/False

The suffixes -rrhea and -rrhexis have the same meaning.

Answer: FALSE

The suffix -rrhea means discharge; the suffix -rrhexis means rupture.

105

True/False

The prefix eu- means painful or difficult.

Answer: FALSE

Explanation: The prefix eu- means normal; the prefix dys- means painful or difficult.

106

True/False

The prefixes a- and an- have the same meaning.

TRUE

107

True/False

The prefix brady- means fast.

Answer: FALSE

Explanation: The prefix brady- means slow; the prefix tachy- means fast.

108

The combining form bi/o means life.

TRUE

109

True/False

The combining form gynec/o means beginning.

FALSE

110

Which is not one of the word parts in a medical term?
A) combining vowel
B) word root
C) combining form
D) suffix

Answer: C

111

Which medical terminology word part provides the general meaning of the word?
A) combining vowel
B) word root
C) suffix
D) prefix

B) word root

112

In which situation is a combining vowel never used?
A) between two word roots
B) between a word root and the suffix when the suffix begins with a consonant
C) between a prefix and word root
D) all of the above

Answer: C

113

Which of the following is not the type of information provided by a prefix?
A) procedure
B) location of an organ
C) number of parts
D) time

A) procedure

114

Which of the following is the type of information provided by a suffix?
A) procedure
B) location of an organ
C) number of parts
D) time

A) procedure

115

Which of the following statements regarding abbreviations is not correct?
A) Abbreviations are commonly used.
B) Using your personal abbreviations is acceptable if approved by your supervisor.
C) Use of abbreviations can be confusing.
D) Spell out abbreviations if confusion is a possibility.

Answer: B

116

Which of the following healthcare specialists do not report information regarding a patient in an Ancillary Report?
A) rehabilitation
B) social services
C) respiratory therapy
D) nurses

D) nurses

117

Which of the following records the patient's care throughout the day?
A) Physician's Orders
B) Discharge Summary
C) Nurse's Notes
D) History and Physical

C) Nurse's Notes

118

A surgeon reports the details of a surgery in a(n):
A) Operative Report
B) Anesthesiologist's Report
C) Informed Consent
D) Physician's Orders

A) Operative Report

119

The ________ is a comprehensive outline of the patient's entire hospital stay.
A) Nurse's Notes
B) Discharge Summary
C) Consultation Report
D) History and Physical

B) Discharge Summary

120

Which healthcare setting provides treatment in a private office setting?
A) ambulatory care
B) specialty care
C) hospice
D) physician's office

D) physician's office

121

Which healthcare setting provides supportive treatment for terminally ill patients?
A) hospice
B) rehabilitation center
C) health maintenance organization
D) specialty care hospital

A) hospice

122

Which healthcare setting provides care for patients who need extra time to recover from an illness or who can no longer care for themselves?
A) specialty care hospital
B) health maintenance organization
C) nursing home
D) general hospital

C) nursing home

123

Which healthcare setting provides services in a prepaid system?
A) physician's office
B) health maintenance organization
C) specialty care hospital
D) home health care

B) health maintenance organization

124

Which combining form means heart?
A) cardi/o
B) carcin/o
C) gastr/o
D) cis/o

A) cardi/o

125

Which combining form is spelled incorrectly?
A) gastr/o
B) carcen/o
C) immun/o
D) nephr/o

B) carcen/o

126

Which combining form is spelled incorrectly?
A) nuer/o
B) bi/o
C) rhin/o
D) path/o

A) nuer/o

127

Which combining form is spelled incorrectly?
A) dermat/o
B) hemat/o
C) nephr/o
D) opthalm/o

D) opthalm/o

128

Which combining form is spelled incorrectly?
A) gynic/o
B) carcin/o
C) laryng/o
D) nephr/o

A) gynic/o

Answer: A
Explanation: The correct spelling of the combining form meaning female is gynec/o. The other combining forms are spelled correctly.

129

Which combining form means female?
A) gastr/o
B) nephr/o
C) neur/o
D) gynec/o

D) gynec/o

130

Which combining form means skin?
A) dermat/o
B) gynec/o
C) immun/o
D) rhin/o

A) dermat/o

131

Which prefix means outside of?
A) homo-
B) intra-
C) extra-
D) hyper-

C) extra-

132

27) Which prefix does not stand for a number?
A) bi-
B) per-
C) quadri-
D) tri-

B) per-

133

Which prefix means half?
A) mono-
B) poly-
C) peri-
D) hemi-

D) hemi-

134

Which prefix means within?
A) intra-
B) extra-
C) inter-
D) retro-

A) intra-

135

30) Which prefix means normal?
A) eu-
B) neo-
C) an-
D) dys-

A) eu-

136

Which prefix means many?
A) nulli-
B) un-
C) poly-
D) pan-

C) poly-

137

Which prefix means fast?
A) pseudo-
B) brady-
C) endo-
D) tachy-

D) tachy-

138

Which suffix means pain?
A) -cele
B) -algia
C) -ectasis
D) -oma

B) -algia

139

Which suffix means tumor or mass?
A) -itis
B) -iasis
C) -oma
D) -osis

C) -oma

140

Which of the following suffixes is not an adjective suffix?
A) -iac
B) -ia
C) -ory
D) -tic

B) -ia

141

Which of the following suffixes is not an adjective suffix?
A) -ac
B) -eal
C) -iac
D) -ism

D) -ism

142

Which of the following suffixes refers to an instrument?
A) -gram
B) -graphy
C) -metry
D) -scope

D) -scope

143

Which suffix means process of measuring?
A) -graphy
B) -scopy
C) -metry
D) -otomy

C) -metry

144

Which of the following suffixes does not refer to a surgical procedure?
A) -megaly
B) -ectomy
C) -plasty
D) -ostomy

A) -megaly

145

Which suffix means enlarged?
A) -malacia
B) -ectasis
C) -megaly
D) -algia

C) -megaly

146

Which suffix means protrusion?
A) -lytic
B) -cele
C) -cyte
D) -gen

B) -cele

147

Which suffix means inflammation?
A) -ia
B) -iasis
C) -ism
D) -itis

D) -itis

148

Which suffix means narrowing?
A) -sclerosis
B) -rrhexis
C) -stenosis
D) -ptosis

C) -stenosis

149

Which suffix means drooping?
A) -ptosis
B) -plasm
C) -pathy
D) -trophy

A) -ptosis

150

The combining form that means fat is ________.

adip/o

151

The combining form that means head is ________.

cephal/o

152

The combining form that means skull is ________.

crani/o

153

The combining form that means tail is ________.

caud/o

154

The combining form that means leg is ________.

crur/o

155

The combining form that means buttock is ________.

Answer: glute/o

156

The combining form that means arm is ________.

Answer: brachi/o

157

) A combining form that means tissue is ________.

Answer: hist/o

158

The combining form that means side is ________.

Answer: later/o

159

11) The combining form that means middle is ________.

Answer: medi/o

160

The combining form that means internal organ is ________.

Answer: viscer/o

161

A combining form that means chest is ________.

Answer: thorac/o

162

The combining form that means stomach is ________.

Answer: gastr/o

163

The combining form that means spine is ________.

Answer: spin/o

164

The combining form that means pelvis is ________.

Answer: pelv/o

165

The combining form that means to secrete is ________.

Answer: crin/o

166

The combining form that means muscle is ________.

Answer: muscul/o

167

The combining form that means peritoneum is ________.

Answer: peritone/o

168

The combining form that means genital region is ________.

Answer: pub/o

169

A combining form that means woman is ________.

Answer: gynec/o

170

The combining form that means neck is ________.

Answer: cervic/o

171

The combining form that means cartilage is________.

Answer: chondr/o

172

The combining form that means pleura is ________.

Answer: pleur/o

173

The combining form that means vertebra is ________.

Answer: vertebr/o

174

A medical term that means pertaining to the abdomen is ________.

Answer: abdominal

175

A medical term that means pertaining to the front is ________.

Answer: anterior

176

A medical term that means pertaining to the arm is ________.

Answer: brachial

177

A medical term that means pertaining to the head is ________.

Answer: cephalic

178

) A medical term that means pertaining to the neck is ________.

Answer: cervical

179

A medical term that means pertaining to the chest is ________.

Answer: thoracic

180

A medical term that means pertaining to the leg is ________.

Answer: crural

181

A medical term that means pertaining to the buttocks is ________.

Answer: gluteal

182

A medical term that means pertaining to the side is ________.

Answer: lateral

183

A medical term that means pertaining to the middle is ________.

Answer: medial

184

A medical term that means pertaining to muscle is ________.

Answer: muscular

185

A medical term that means pertaining to the heart and blood vessels is ________.

Answer: cardiovascular

186

) A medical term that means pertaining to blood is ________.

Answer: hematic

187

A medical term that means pertaining to the pelvis is ________.

Answer: pelvic

188

A medical term that means pertaining to the peritoneum is ________.

Answer: peritoneal

189

A medical term that means pertaining to the pleura is ________.

Answer: pleural

190

A medical term that means pertaining to the genital region is ________.

Answer: pubic

191

) A medical term that means pertaining to lymph is ________.

Answer: lymphatic

192

A medical term that means pertaining to the spine is ________.

Answer: spinal

193

A medical term that means pertaining to above is ________.

Answer: superior

194

) A medical term that means pertaining to the chest is ________.

Answer: thoracic

195

A medical term that means pertaining to the vertebrae is ________.

Answer: vertebral

196

A medical term that means pertaining to internal organs is ________.

Answer: visceral

197

A medical term that means pertaining to the epithelium is ________.

Answer: epithelial

198

A medical term that means pertaining to the belly side of the body is ________.

Answer: ventral

199

1) Which of the following is the correct order for the organization of the body?
A) cells to tissue to system to organ to whole body
B) cells to organ to system to tissue to whole body
C) cells to tissue to organ to system to whole body
D) tissue to cells to organ to system to whole body

C) cells to tissue to organ to system to whole body

200

Organs come together to form:
A) systems
B) cells
C) tissue
D) whole body

A) systems

201

Which of the following is not a structure that is found in all cells?
A) cell membrane
B) epithelium
C) cytoplasm
D) nucleus

B) epithelium

202

Which of the following is not one of the basic types of tissue found in the body?
A) muscular
B) connective
C) histogenic
D) epithelial

C) histogenic

203

Which is not a function of epithelial tissue?
A) support body structures
B) protective barrier
C) absorb substances
D) secrete substances

A) support body structures

204

Which type of tissue is designed to conduct electrical impulses?
A) muscular
B) connective
C) epithelial
D) nervous

D) nervous

205

) Which type of muscle tissue is found attached to bone?
A) smooth
B) visceral
C) skeletal
D) cardiac

C) skeletal

206

Which is not an organ found in the digestive system?
A) spleen
B) stomach
C) liver
D) colon

A) spleen

207

The hematic system is commonly called:
A) urinary
B) blood
C) immune
D) cardiovascular

B) blood

208

The thyroid, thymus, and adrenal glands are found in the:
A) muscular system
B) nervous system
C) endocrine system
D) male reproductive system

C) endocrine system

209

Which branch of medicine treats conditions of the eye?
A) obstetrics
B) endocrinology
C) otorhinolaryngology
D) ophthalmology

D) ophthalmology

210

A gastroenterologist would treat diseases of which of the following organs?
A) brain
B) stomach
C) tonsils
D) heart

B) stomach

211

Which of the following is not part of the anatomical position?
A) standing erect
B) palms facing backward
C) feet together
D) fingers extended

B) palms facing backward

212

Which plane divides the body into left and right portions?
A) sagittal
B) frontal
C) coronal
D) transverse

A) sagittal

213

Which plane divides the body into front and back portions?
A) sagittal
B) frontal
C) transverse
D) median

B) frontal

214

) Which plane is the only horizontal plane?
A) sagittal
B) frontal
C) transverse
D) median

C) transverse

215

Which sectional view of the body is produced by a slice perpendicular to the long axis?
A) cross-section
B) transverse section
C) longitudinal section
D) sagittal section

A) cross-section

216

) The neck is the ________ region of the body.
A) dorsal
B) cervical
C) cephalic
D) pubic

B) cervical

217

The cephalic region of the body is the:
A) neck
B) back
C) head
D) buttocks

C) head

218

22) The arms are the ________ region of the body.
A) brachial
B) crural
C) trunk
D) pelvic

A) brachial

219

Which of the following is not one of the anterior regions of the trunk?
A) abdominal
B) dorsum
C) pelvic
D) pubic

B) dorsum

220

Which of the following body cavities is a dorsal cavity?
A) abdominal
B) pelvic
C) thoracic
D) spinal

D) spinal

221

The cranial cavity contains the:
A) spinal cord
B) heart
C) brain
D) stomach

C) brain

222

Which structure is not located in the mediastinum?
A) heart
B) thymus gland
C) lungs
D) aorta

C) lungs

223

What organ is located inside the pleural cavity?
A) heart
B) stomach
C) urinary bladder
D) lungs

D) lungs

224

The organs of which system are not found in the abdominopelvic cavity?
A) respiratory
B) digestive
C) excretory
D) reproductive

A) respiratory

225

Which of the following cavities is not a ventral cavity?
A) abdominal
B) spinal
C) thoracic
D) pelvic

B) spinal

226

Which cavity contains the heart?
A) cranial
B) pleural
C) pericardial
D) pelvic

C) pericardial

227

In the anatomical divisions of the abdomen, the upper row contains which of the following regions?
A) umbilical
B) epigastric
C) iliac
D) lumbar

B) epigastric

228

In the anatomical divisions of the abdomen, the center square of the middle row is the ________ region.
A) umbilical
B) lumbar
C) hypogastric
D) iliac

A) umbilical

229

The spleen and stomach are located in the ________ quadrant.
A) right upper
B) left upper
C) right lower
D) left lower

B) left upper

230

The gallbladder and majority of the liver are located in the ________ quadrant.
A) right upper
B) left upper
C) right lower
D) left lower

A) right upper

231

In the abdominopelvic cavity, which organ is not a midline organ?
A) urinary bladder
B) prostate gland
C) uterus
D) stomach

D) stomach

232

Which body system forms a protective two-way barrier for the body?
A) musculoskeletal
B) endocrine
C) integumentary
D) digestive

C) integumentary

233

Which is not a function of the blood?
A) transports oxygen
B) absorbs nutrients
C) controls bleeding
D) protects against pathogens

B) absorbs nutrients

234

Which system is responsible for regulating metabolic activities of the body?
A) endocrine
B) nervous
C) reproductive
D) urinary

A) endocrine

235

39) Which body system receives sensory information and coordinates the body's response?
A) respiratory
B) nervous
C) special senses
D) musculoskeletal

B) nervous

236

Which directional term is interchangeable with inferior?
A) cephalic
B) caudal
C) posterior
D) dorsal

B) caudal

237

Which directional term refers to the tip or summit of an organ?
A) medial
B) lateral
C) base
D) apex
Answer: D

D) apex

238

43) Which directional term is the opposite of medial?
A) superior
B) caudal
C) lateral
D) distal

C) lateral

239

Which directional term means more to the back side of the body?
A) posterior
B) ventral
C) distal
D) deep

A) posterior

240

Which directional term means farther away from the point of attachment to the body?
A) superficial
B) distal
C) supine
D) proximal

B) distal

241

Which directional term is the opposite of distal?
A) dorsal
B) apex
C) superficial
D) proximal

D) proximal

242

Which directional term is the opposite of anterior?
A) dorsal
B) ventral
C) caudal
D) cephalic

A) dorsal

243

Which directional term means toward the surface of the body?
A) superior
B) distal
C) superficial
D) deep

C) superficial

244

Which directional term specifically refers to the belly side of the body?
A) dorsal
B) caudal
C) cephalic
D) ventral

D) ventral

245

Which medical term is misspelled?
A) bracheal
B) cranial
C) gluteal
D) inferior

A) bracheal

246

Which medical term is misspelled?
A) caudal
B) crainial
C) epithelial
D) lymphatic

B) crainia

247

Which medical term is misspelled?
A) vertebral
B) proximal
C) medial
D) thorasic

D) thorasic

248

Which medical term is misspelled?
A) muscular
B) proximal
C) viseral
D) cephalic

C) viseral

249

Which medical term is misspelled?
A) hypogastriac
B) lateral
C) posterior
D) superior

A) hypogastriac

250

Which abbreviation stands for the body system containing the heart?
A) GI
B) CV
C) AP
D) ENT

B) CV

251

Which abbreviation stands for the body system containing the stomach?
A) MS
B) GI
C) UE
D) PA

B) GI

252

Which abbreviation stands for the arm?
A) OB
B) MS
C) UE
D) GYN

C) UE

253

Which abbreviation stands for the medical specialty that treats conditions of the female reproductive system?
A) GI
B) CV
C) ENT
D) GYN

D) GYN

254

Which abbreviation stands for the digestive system?
A) GI
B) AP
C) CV
D) ENT

A) GI

255

Which term means pertaining to the skull?
A) crural
B) cranial
C) cervical
D) cephalic

B) cranial

256

Which term means pertaining to internal organs?
A) cardiac
B) peritoneal
C) visceral
D) caudal

C) visceral

257

Which term means pertaining to the spinal cord side of the body?
A) cephalic
B) superior
C) distal
D) dorsal

D) dorsal

258

The knee is ________ to the hip.
A) ventral
B) distal
C) superior
D) proximal

B) distal

259

Which term means lying face up?
A) prone
B) ventral
C) supine
D) dorsal

C) supine

260

The fundamental unit of all living things is:
A) tissues
B) cells
C) systems
D) organs

B) cells

261

Which type of tissue plays a role in absorbing nutrients?
A) muscular
B) nervous
C) epithelial
D) connective

C) epithelial

262

Which organ is found in the urinary system?
A) testes
B) brain
C) stomach
D) kidneys

D) kidneys

263

Which sectional view of the body is produced by a slice along the median plane?
A) sagittal
B) cross
C) longitudinal
D) transverse

A) sagittal

264

70) Another name for the torso is the ________ region of the body.
A) vertebral
B) dorsum
C) trunk
D) crural

C) trunk

265

In considering the two-layer sac that encases internal organs, the outer layer of this membrane in the thoracic cavity is called the:
A) parietal pleura
B) visceral pleura
C) parietal peritoneum
D) visceral peritoneum

A) parietal pleura

266

A term meaning pertaining to the chest is:
A) visceral
B) crural
C) lumbar
D) thoracic

D) thoracic

267

In which quadrant would you find the colon?
A) left lower quadrant
B) right lower quadrant
C) it is a midline structure
D) all of the above

D) all of the above

268

A person having repeated bladder infections would see a specialist in:
A) gastroenterology
B) urology
C) otorhinolaryngology
D) gynecology

B) urology

269

A term interchangeable with anterior is:
A) dorsal
B) posterior
C) ventral
D) cephalic

C) ventral