Endocrine system Flashcards


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anatomy & physiology ii
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1

Produces the hormones that promote the development of the female secondary sexual characteristics at puberty

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D) Ovaries

2

Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of the brain

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B) Pituaitary Gland

3

Produces the hormones that direct the production of the secondary male sex characteristic

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E) Testis

4

Produce hormones involved in electrolyte balance and the stress response

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C) adrenal glands

5

Produces hormones and is considered a neuroendocrine organ

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A) Hypothalamus

6
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Growth hormone

C

7
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Follicle stimulating hormone

C

8
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Prolactin

B

9
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Adrenocorticotropic hormone

E

10
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Thyroid stimulating hormone.

D

11

An autoimmune problem involving the thyroid gland

  1. Addison's disease
  2. Diabetes mellitus
  3. Graves' disease
  4. Acromegaly
  5. Pituitary dwarfism

C

12

Hyposecretion of growth hormone.

  1. Addison's disease
  2. Diabetes mellitus
  3. Graves' disease
  4. Acromegaly
  5. Pituitary dwarfism

E

13

Hyposecretion of the pancreas

  1. Addison's disease
  2. Diabetes mellitus
  3. Graves' disease
  4. Acromegaly
  5. Pituitary dwarfism

B

14

Hyposecretion of the adrenal cortex

  1. Addison's disease
  2. Diabetes mellitus
  3. Graves' disease
  4. Acromegaly
  5. Pituitary dwarfism

A

15

Hypersecretion of growth hormone

  1. Addison's disease
  2. Diabetes mellitus
  3. Graves' disease
  4. Acromegaly
  5. Pituitary dwarfism

D

16

Hyposecretion of the thyroid in adult

  1. Myxedema
  2. Cushing's disease
  3. Gigantism
  4. Cretinism

A

17

Hypersecretion of the adrenal cortex.

  1. Myxedema
  2. Cushing's disease
  3. Gigantism
  4. Cretinism

B

18

Hypersecretion of growth hormone

  1. Myxedema
  2. Cushing's disease
  3. Gigantism
  4. Cretinism

C

19

Hyposecretion of the thyroid in infants

  1. Myxedema
  2. Cushing's disease
  3. Gigantism
  4. Cretinism

D

20

The size and shape of a pea; produces hormones that stimulate other endocrine glands.

  1. Thyroid gland
  2. Pancreas
  3. Pituitary gland (hypophysis)
  4. Adrenal medulla
  5. Parathyroid glands

C

21

Is part of the sympathetic nervous system

  1. Thyroid gland
  2. Pancreas
  3. Pituitary gland (hypophysis)
  4. Adrenal medulla
  5. Parathyroid glands

D

22

Produces hormones that regulate glucose levels in the body

  1. Thyroid gland
  2. Pancreas
  3. Pituitary gland (hypophysis)
  4. Adrenal medulla
  5. Parathyroid glands

B

23

Primary regulators of blood calcium levels.

  1. Thyroid gland
  2. Pancreas
  3. Pituitary gland (hypophysis)
  4. Adrenal medulla
  5. Parathyroid glands

E

24

Produces the body's major metabolic hormones

  1. Thyroid gland
  2. Pancreas
  3. Pituitary gland (hypophysis)
  4. Adrenal medulla
  5. Parathyroid glands

A

25
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Mainly produces glucocorticoids

  1. D
  2. A
  3. B
  4. C

C

26
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Produces epinephrine

  1. D
  2. A
  3. B
  4. C

A

27
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Produces aldosterone

  1. D
  2. A
  3. B
  4. C

B

28
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Excess hormone levels from this region result in Cushing's syndrome

  1. D
  2. A
  3. B
  4. C

C

29
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Hormones mimic sympathetic nervous system neurotransmitters

  1. D
  2. A
  3. B
  4. C

A

30
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Mainly produces small amounts of gonadocorticoids.

  1. D
  2. A
  3. B
  4. C

D

31

Testosterone production.

  1. A) Neural stimulus
  2. B) Hormonal stimulus
  3. C) Humoral stimulus

B

32

Epinephrine production.

  1. A) Neural stimulus
  2. B) Hormonal stimulus
  3. C) Humoral stimulus

A

33

Aldosterone production.

  1. A) Neural stimulus
  2. B) Hormonal stimulus
  3. C) Humoral stimulus

B

34

Parathyroid hormone production

  1. A) Neural stimulus
  2. B) Hormonal stimulus
  3. C) Humoral stimulus

C

35

The pineal gland is used as a brain orientation landmark for brain X rays

True

False

True

36

Calcitonin is the main regulator of blood calcium levels

True

False

False

37

The hormone that raises blood sugar levels is insulin.

True

False

False

38

Addison's disease is usually due to an insufficient output of glucocorticoids only.

TRUE

FALSE

FALSE

39

Both "turn on" factors (hormonal, humoral, and neural stimuli) and "turn off" factors

(feedback inhibition and others) may be modulated by the activity of the nervous system.

TRUE

FALSE

TRUE

40

ACTH stimulates the adrenal cortex to release corticosteroid hormones.

TRUE

FALSE

TRUE

41

LH is also referred to as a gonadotropin.

TRUE

FALSE

TRUE