The Cardiovascular System: Blood

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1

Which is NOT a major function of the blood?

  1. Transportation of nutrients
  2. Regulation of blood pH
  3. Protection against disease infection
  4. Transportation of heat
  5. Production of oxygen

E

2

The normal average temperature of blood is around

  1. 98.6oF
  2. 100.4oF
  3. 90.8oF
  4. 89.6oF
  5. 101.6oF

B

3

The normal pH range for blood is

  1. 7.35-8.5
  2. 7.35-9.45
  3. 6.35-7.35
  4. 6.35-9.35
  5. 7.35-7.45

E

4

Which of the following is not a component of blood?

  1. Blood plasma
  2. Formed elements
  3. Carbon dioxide
  4. Platelets
  5. White blood cells

C

5

The hematocrit is composed of

  1. WBC
  2. Platelets
  3. RBC
  4. plasma
  5. proteins

C

6

How much of blood plasma is water (approximately)?

  1. 95%
  2. 91%
  3. 88%
  4. 80%
  5. 50%

B

7

Which of the following plasma proteins plays a role in disease resistance?

  1. Albumins
  2. Globulins
  3. Fibrinogens
  4. Myoglobin
  5. Hemoglobin

B

8

Which of the following plasma proteins plays a role in blood clotting?

  1. Albumins
  2. Globulins
  3. Fibrinogens
  4. Prostaglandins
  5. None of the above

C

9

A hemocrit measures

  1. Percentage of RBC in packed blood
  2. Percentage of WBC in packed blood
  3. Percentage of platelets in packed blood
  4. Both A and B
  5. All of the above

A

10

The process by which formed elements of the blood develop is called:

  1. Hematocritation
  2. Hemopoiesis
  3. Albumin genesis
  4. Immunology
  5. None of the above

B

11

A megakaryoblast will develop into

  1. Red blood cell
  2. White blood cell
  3. Platelet
  4. Both B and C
  5. Any of the above

C

12

During hemopoiesis, some of the myeloid stem cells differentiate into

  1. Progenitor cells
  2. Enzymes
  3. Plasma proteins
  4. Heme molecules
  5. Nitric oxide

A

13

This hormone stimulates proliferation of red blood cells in red bone marrow

  1. EPO
  2. TPO
  3. Human growth hormone
  4. Calcitonin
  5. Follicle stimulating hormone

A

14

How many hemoglobin molecules are in each RBC?

  1. 50 million
  2. 100 million
  3. 280 million
  4. 320 million
  5. 430 million

C

15

Ferritin is used to

  1. Transport iron
  2. Store iron
  3. Convert iron
  4. Synthesize iron
  5. Digest iron

B

16

A red blood cell’s function is

  1. Nutrient transport
  2. Cytokine stimulation
  3. Blood cell proliferation
  4. Gas transport
  5. Disease resistance

D

17

A red blood cell without a nucleus is called a

  1. Proerythroblast
  2. Cytokine
  3. Precursor cell
  4. Interleukin
  5. Reticulocyte

E

18

Which of the following is a phagocyte?

  1. Monocytes
  2. Platelet
  3. Lymphocyte
  4. Basophil
  5. Eosinophil

A

19

Which of the following reduces blood loss?

  1. Erythrocyte
  2. Platelet
  3. Lymphocyte
  4. Basophil
  5. Neutrophil

B

20

Which of the following promotes inflammation?

  1. Eosinophil
  2. Monocyte
  3. Lymphocyte
  4. Basophil
  5. Neutrophil

D

21

Which of the following destroys antigen-antibody complexes?

  1. Eosinophil
  2. Monocyte
  3. Lymphocyte
  4. Basophil
  5. Neutrophil

A

22

Which of the following is not an agranular leukocyte?

  1. Monocytes
  2. Macrophage
  3. Lymphocyte
  4. Basophil
  5. All of the above

D

23

The process of a white blood cell squeezing between cells to exit the blood vessel is called

  1. Emigration
  2. Wandering
  3. Adhesion
  4. Hempoiesis
  5. Phagocytosis

A

24

Which of the following do mast cells not release?

  1. Heparin
  2. Histamine
  3. Nitric oxide
  4. Protease
  5. All of the above

C

25

This hormone causes the development of megakaryoblasts.

  1. Erythropoietin
  2. Thrombopoietin
  3. Nitric oxide
  4. Human growth hormone
  5. Heparin

B

26

Which methods provide hemostasis?

  1. vascular spasm, clotting, polycythemia
  2. hemolysis, vascular spasm, platelet plug formation
  3. emigration, clotting, hemolysis
  4. platelet plug formation, vascular spasm, clotting
  5. anemia, hemogenesis, platelet plug formation

D

27

Once this is formed, the intrinsic and extrinsic pathways are identical.

  1. Thromboplastin
  2. Prothrombinase
  3. Fibrinogen
  4. Fibrin
  5. Calcium

B

28

Which of the following clotting factors has the most to do with strengthening and stabilizing a blood clot?

  1. Factor V
  2. Factor VII
  3. Factor XI
  4. Factor XIII
  5. Factor XIV

D

29

Considering Rh blood types, which of the below situations would result in maternal antibodies attacking the fetus?

  1. Mom is Rh negative and fetus is Rh negative
  2. Mom is Rh negative and fetus is Rh positive
  3. Mom is Rh positive and fetus is Rh negative
  4. Mom is Rh positive and fetus is Rh positive.

D

30

Which of the following opposes the action of thromboxane A2?

  1. Heparin
  2. Fibrinogen
  3. Plasmin
  4. Antithrombin
  5. Prostacyclin

E

31

Which of the following is an anticoagulant?

  1. Heparin
  2. Fibrinogen
  3. Protease
  4. Prostacyclin
  5. Plasmin

A

32
card image

Which of the following cells will develop into macrophages?

  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. E

C

33
card image

Which of the following cells will increase the number of nuclear lobes as they age?

  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. E

A

34
card image

Which of the following cells is normally classified as small or large?

  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. E

B

35
card image

Which one is a WBC?

  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. Both B and C
  5. All of the above

C

36
card image

Which one is the pluripotent stem cell?

  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. G

A

37
card image

Which cell is the myeloid stem cell?

  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. G

B

38
card image

Which cell is the reticulocyte?

  1. D
  2. G
  3. E
  4. H
  5. F

C

39
card image

Which cell is the T lymphocyte?

  1. C
  2. J
  3. K
  4. L
  5. A

B

40
card image

Which cell is the natural killer cell?

  1. A
  2. C
  3. J
  4. K
  5. L

E

41
card image

What is this figure demonstrating?

  1. Erythropoeisis
  2. RBC differentiation
  3. Emigration
  4. Clot formation
  5. Clot retraction

C

42
card image

What does this figure represent?

  1. Erythropoeisis
  2. RBC differentiation
  3. Emigration
  4. Clot formation
  5. Clot retraction

D

43

What antibodies does a person with type O blood have in their plasma?

  1. A
  2. B
  3. A and B
  4. No antibodies
  5. Not enough information to answer

C

44

What antigens does a person have on their RBC if their plasma has antibody A?

  1. A
  2. B
  3. O
  4. A and B
  5. No antigens

B