Human Anatomy and Physiology: The skeleton Flashcards


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1

The axial Skeleton contains

A) the skull, vertebral column, and thoracic cage
B) shoulder and pelvic girdles
C) arms, legs, hands, and feet
D) the skull, vertebral column, and pelvis

A

2

The membranous areas between the cranial bones of the fetal skull are called ________.
A) foramina
B) sutures
C) frontanelles
D) areolas

C

3

Which forms the largest portion of the coxal bone?
A) ilium
B) pelvic
C) pubis
D) ischium

A

4

The ethmoid bone is composed of all of the following except the ________.
A) crista galli
B) cribriform plate
C) superior nasal concha
D) inferior nasal concha

D

5

Which vertebra does not have a body?
A) last cervical
B) atlas
C) last lumbar
D) axis

B

6

The suture that connects the two parietal bones together is the ________.
A) squamous
B) coronal
C) lambdoid
D) sagittal

D

7

The pituitary gland is housed in the ________.
A) foramen lacerum
B) vomer
C) sella turcica of the sphenoid bone
D) sinuses of the ethmoid bone

C

8

The hyoid bone is unique because it ________.
A) is the only bone of the body that does not articulate with any other bone
B) is the only irregular bone found in the neck
C) is composed of three bones joined together
D) is the only bone formed by the fusion of right and left halves

A

9

Along with support, the anterior ligament of the vertebral column also acts to ________.
A) prevent hyperextension of the spine
B) protect the spinal cord
C) hold the spine erect
D) hold the discs in place

A

10

What is the major function of the intervertebral discs?
A) prevent hyperextension of the spine
B) string the vertebrae together
C) prevent hyperextension
D) shock absorbe

D

11

Paranasal sinuses are found in which of these facial bones?
A) vomer
B) maxillae
C) nasal conchae
D) zygomatic bones

B

12

Which of the following is an abnormal lateral curvature of the vertebral column often seen in the thoracic region?
A) scoliosis
B) lordosis
C) kyphosis
D) swayback

A

13

Which of the following phrases best describes the function of the vertebral curves?
A) to improve cervical center of gravity
B) to accommodate muscle attachment
C) to provide resilience and flexibility
D) to accommodate the weight of the pelvic girdle

C

14

Which part of the vertebral column receives the most stress by bearing most of the weight of the body?
A) the sacrum
B) the cervical region
C) the sacral promontory
D) the lumbar region

D

15

Which bone acts as a moveable base for the tongue?
A) mandible
B) zygomatic bone
C) hyoid bone
D) palatine

C

16

Thoracic vertebrae differ from the other vertebrae in that they have ________.
A) no transverse processes
B) facets for attachment of ribs
C) transverse foramina
D) no intervertebral discs

B

17

What is the major function of the axial skeleton?
A) give the body resilience
B) provide an attachment point for muscles that allow movement
C) provide central support for the body and protect internal organs
D) provide a space for the major digestive organs

C

18

The antebrachium is composed of which of the following two bones?
A) the humerus and the clavicle
B) the humerus and the radius
C) the scapula and the clavicle
D) the radius and the ulna

D

19

The "true wrist" or carpus consists of ________.
A) a group of eight short bones united by ligaments
B) the phalanges
C) the styloid processes of the radius and ulna
D) the metacarpals

A

20

Which bone is in direct contact with the first metatarsal?
A) lateral cuneiform
B) calcaneus
C) medial cuneiform
D) cuboid

C

21

Which of the following is true about paranasal sinuses?
A) Paranasal sinuses open into the oral cavity.
B) Paranasal sinuses enhance the resonance of the voice and lighten the skull.
C) Paranasal sinuses contain passages acting as one-way valves.
D) Paranasal sinuses are found in maxillary, ethmoid, and lacrimal bones.

B

22

Choose the statement that is most correct about orbits.
A) The orbits are formed of both facial and cranial bones.
B) The orbits contain only facial bones.
C) The orbits contain only cranial bones.
D) The orbits are made entirely of cartilage.

A

23

The superior orbital fissure is formed in the sphenoid bone, whereas the inferior orbital
fissure is formed between the sphenoid and ________.
A) maxilla
B) zygomatic
C) ethmoid
D) lacrimal

A

24

Which of the following is the abnormal curve often seen in pregnant women as they attempt
to preserve their center of gravity toward the end of the pregnancy?
A) kyphosis
B) hunchback
C) scoliosis
D) lordosis

D

25

How are thoracic vertebrae 11 and 12 different from the other vertebrae?
A) The orientation of the articular processes is different from all the other thoracic vertebrae.
B) The transverse processes do not have facets that articulate with the tubercles of the ribs.
C) There are two foramina on vertebrae 11 and 12.
D) The spinous processes are directed parallel with the centrum.

B

26

Which bone contains diaphysis and epiphysis areas, a tuberosity near its middle, and is
proportionally more compact than spongy bone?
A) parietal bone
B) talus
C) humerus
D) cervical vertebra

C

27

The superior nasal concha is a part of which bone?
A) vomer
B) ethmoid
C) sphenoid
D) maxilla

B

28

The articulation that most closely resembles a hinge in the body involves which bones?
A) humerus-ulna
B) humerus-radius
C) femur-tibia
D) femur-fibula

A

29

The pelvic girdle does not include the ________.
A) sacrum
B) ilium
C) ischium
D) pubis

A

30

Which of the following bones is not weight bearing?
A) femur
B) tibia
C) fibula
D) talus

C

31

Which portion of the fibula articulates with the talus?
A) calcaneus
B) head
C) medial maleolus
D) lateral maleolus

D