A&P chapter 12 Flashcards


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1

The nonspecific ascending pathways____________.

Are involved in the emotional aspects of perception.

2

The surprachiasmatic nucleus is found in the _________.

Hypothalamus

3

Nuclei of cranial nerves V, VI, and Vll are found in the ___________.

Pons

4

The arbor vitae refers to____________.

Cerebellar white matter

5

The brain stem consist of the ______.

Midbrain, medula, and pons.

6

The primary auditory cortex is located in the _______.

Temporal Lobe

7

Spinocerebellar tracts______.

Carry propripceptive inputs to the cerebellum

8

The spinal cord has grey matter on the ________.

Inside, White matter on the outside, and ventral motor root

9

The subarachnoid space lies between what two layers of meninges ?

Arachnoid and pia

10

The vital centers for the control of heart rate, respiration, and blood pressure are located in the __________.

Medulla

11

Cell bodies of the sensory neurons of the spinal nerves are located in ___________.

The dorsal root ganglia of the spinal cord

12

The fissure separating the cerebral hemispheres is the _____________________.

Longitudinal Fissure

13

The limbic association area of the multimodal association areas provides our ________.

Emotional Impact

14

A shallow groove on the surface of the cortex is called a ________.

Sulcus

15

The cerebrospinal fluid ______.

Is formed mostly by the choroid plexuses and modified by ependymal cells

16

If the posterior portion of the neural tube failed to develop properly_________.

The spinal cord may be affected

17

The central sulcus separates which lobes?

Frontal from parietal

18

Neural tracts that convey life-saving information to the brain concerning burning pain would be ______.

lateral spinothalamic

19

Which of these would you not find in the cerebral cortex ?

Fiber tracts

20

The hypothalamus __________.

is the thermostat of the body since it regulates temperature.

21

The white matter of the spinal cord contains ______.

myelinated and unmyelinated nerve fibers

22

A lateral tract in the spinal cord would be _____.

Rubrospinal

23

An individual accidentally transected the spinal cord between T1 and L1, this would result in _________.

Paraplegia

24

Spastic paralysis suggest involvement of the ______.

Upper motor neurons

25

Ridges of tissue on the surface of the cerebral hemispheres are called ________.

Gyri

26

The frontal lobe is separated from the temporal lobe by the _______.

lateral sulcus

27

Brodmann's numbering refers to _______.

Structurally distinct cortical areas

28

An individual who could trace a picture of a bicycle with his or her finger but could not recognize it as a bicycle is most likely to have sustained damage to the ______.

Visual association area

29

Broca's area _______.

Is considered a motor speech area

30

Two terms for the massive motor tracts serving voluntary movement are ________________.

Pyramidal and corticospinal

31

The function of commissures is to connect ______?

Corresponding areas of the two hemispheres

32

The blood-brain barrier is effective against _________.

Metabolic waste such as urea

33

Which of the following is not part of basal nuclei ?

Substantia nigra

34

All of the following are structures of the limbic system except the _____.

Caudate nucleus

35

Which of the following is not a midbrain structure ?

Third Ventricle

36

The process of linking new fact s with old facts already stored in the memory bank is called _____.

Consolidation

37

An electroencephalogram ___________.

Indicates a normal frequency range of 1-30 Hz

38

The brain area that regulates activities that control the state of wakefulness or alertness of the cerebral cortex is the _________.

Reticular formation

39

Which of the following would you not find in normal cerebrospinal fluid ?

red blood cells

40

REM sleep is associated with _________.

Temporary skeletal muscle inhibition except for the extrinsic eye muscles

41

Mr. Hom was injured in an accident that completely severed his spinal cord at the level of T12. You would expect to find all of the following except _______.

Slurred speech

42

Injury to the hypothalamus may result in all of the following except __________.

Loss of proprioception

43

White matter of the spinal cord _________.

contains the anterior and posterior spinocerebellar tracts

44

Which statement about aging is most accurate ?

Despite some neuronal loss, changing synaptic connections support additional learning throughout life

45

Which association regarding the function and location of the cerebrum is most accurate ?

motor anterior

46

Brain wave amplitude ________.

reflects the number of neurons firing synchronously

47

Declarative memory is not stored in the _________.

Mammillary body

48

Huntington's disease ___________.

has symptoms that are the opposite of Parkinson's disease

49

The corpus striatum plays a special role in _________.

Skill learning

50

Storing information in long-term memory_________.

is facilitated by the release of norepinephrine

51

Important nuclei of the indirect (multineural) system that receive impulses from the equilibrium apparatus of the inner ear and help to maintain balance by varying muscle tone of postural muscles are the ___________.

Vestibular nuclei

52

Which of the following structures is probably not directly involved in memory ?

Medulla

53

The area of the cortex that is responsible for sensations of the full bladder and the feeling that your lungs will burst when you hold your breath to long is the ________.

Visceral sensory area

54

Which statement about coma is true ?

Coma is defined as total unresponsiveness to stimuli for a long period of time

55

Tremor at rest, shuffling gait, stooped posture, and expressionless face are characteristics of ___________.

Parkinson's disease

56

Which is the mildest consequence of traumatic brain injury ?

Concussion

57

Declarative memory ________.

is the ability to learn specific information

58

Which of the following is/are involved with motor activity (either initiation or coordination)?

red nuclei

59

Which statement is not true ?

Stage 4 sleep increases in old age

60

Which statement about epilepsy is most accurate ?

Epilepsy is often genetically induced but also frequently caused by head trauma, stroke, infection, and tumor.

61

White matter (myelinated fibers) is found in all of the following locations, with the exception of the ___________.

cerebral cortex

62

Second-order neurons of both the specific and nonspecific ascending pathways terminate in the ____________.

Thalamus

63

Loss of ability to perform skilled motor activities such as piano playing, with no paralysis or weakness in specific muscles, might suggest damage to the __________.

Premotor cortex

64

_________ waves are not normal for awake adults but are common for children.

Theta