The nonspecific ascending pathways____________.
Are involved in the emotional aspects of perception.
The surprachiasmatic nucleus is found in the _________.
Nuclei of cranial nerves V, VI, and Vll are found in the ___________.
The arbor vitae refers to____________.
Cerebellar white matter
The brain stem consist of the ______.
Midbrain, medula, and pons.
The primary auditory cortex is located in the _______.
Carry propripceptive inputs to the cerebellum
The spinal cord has grey matter on the ________.
Inside, White matter on the outside, and ventral motor root
The subarachnoid space lies between what two layers of meninges ?
Arachnoid and pia
The vital centers for the control of heart rate, respiration, and blood pressure are located in the __________.
Cell bodies of the sensory neurons of the spinal nerves are located in ___________.
The dorsal root ganglia of the spinal cord
The fissure separating the cerebral hemispheres is the _____________________.
The limbic association area of the multimodal association areas provides our ________.
A shallow groove on the surface of the cortex is called a ________.
The cerebrospinal fluid ______.
Is formed mostly by the choroid plexuses and modified by ependymal cells
If the posterior portion of the neural tube failed to develop properly_________.
The spinal cord may be affected
The central sulcus separates which lobes?
Frontal from parietal
Neural tracts that convey life-saving information to the brain concerning burning pain would be ______.
Which of these would you not find in the cerebral cortex ?
The hypothalamus __________.
is the thermostat of the body since it regulates temperature.
The white matter of the spinal cord contains ______.
myelinated and unmyelinated nerve fibers
A lateral tract in the spinal cord would be _____.
An individual accidentally transected the spinal cord between T1 and L1, this would result in _________.
Spastic paralysis suggest involvement of the ______.
Upper motor neurons
Ridges of tissue on the surface of the cerebral hemispheres are called ________.
The frontal lobe is separated from the temporal lobe by the _______.
Brodmann's numbering refers to _______.
Structurally distinct cortical areas
An individual who could trace a picture of a bicycle with his or her finger but could not recognize it as a bicycle is most likely to have sustained damage to the ______.
Visual association area
Broca's area _______.
Is considered a motor speech area
Two terms for the massive motor tracts serving voluntary movement are ________________.
Pyramidal and corticospinal
The function of commissures is to connect ______?
Corresponding areas of the two hemispheres
The blood-brain barrier is effective against _________.
Metabolic waste such as urea
Which of the following is not part of basal nuclei ?
All of the following are structures of the limbic system except the _____.
Which of the following is not a midbrain structure ?
The process of linking new fact s with old facts already stored in the memory bank is called _____.
An electroencephalogram ___________.
Indicates a normal frequency range of 1-30 Hz
The brain area that regulates activities that control the state of wakefulness or alertness of the cerebral cortex is the _________.
Which of the following would you not find in normal cerebrospinal fluid ?
red blood cells
REM sleep is associated with _________.
Temporary skeletal muscle inhibition except for the extrinsic eye muscles
Mr. Hom was injured in an accident that completely severed his spinal cord at the level of T12. You would expect to find all of the following except _______.
Injury to the hypothalamus may result in all of the following except __________.
Loss of proprioception
White matter of the spinal cord _________.
contains the anterior and posterior spinocerebellar tracts
Which statement about aging is most accurate ?
Despite some neuronal loss, changing synaptic connections support additional learning throughout life
Which association regarding the function and location of the cerebrum is most accurate ?
Brain wave amplitude ________.
reflects the number of neurons firing synchronously
Declarative memory is not stored in the _________.
Huntington's disease ___________.
has symptoms that are the opposite of Parkinson's disease
The corpus striatum plays a special role in _________.
Storing information in long-term memory_________.
is facilitated by the release of norepinephrine
Important nuclei of the indirect (multineural) system that receive impulses from the equilibrium apparatus of the inner ear and help to maintain balance by varying muscle tone of postural muscles are the ___________.
Which of the following structures is probably not directly involved in memory ?
The area of the cortex that is responsible for sensations of the full bladder and the feeling that your lungs will burst when you hold your breath to long is the ________.
Visceral sensory area
Which statement about coma is true ?
Coma is defined as total unresponsiveness to stimuli for a long period of time
Tremor at rest, shuffling gait, stooped posture, and expressionless face are characteristics of ___________.
Which is the mildest consequence of traumatic brain injury ?
Declarative memory ________.
is the ability to learn specific information
Which of the following is/are involved with motor activity (either initiation or coordination)?
Which statement is not true ?
Stage 4 sleep increases in old age
Which statement about epilepsy is most accurate ?
Epilepsy is often genetically induced but also frequently caused by head trauma, stroke, infection, and tumor.
White matter (myelinated fibers) is found in all of the following locations, with the exception of the ___________.
Second-order neurons of both the specific and nonspecific ascending pathways terminate in the ____________.
Loss of ability to perform skilled motor activities such as piano playing, with no paralysis or weakness in specific muscles, might suggest damage to the __________.
_________ waves are not normal for awake adults but are common for children.