Comprehensive Medical Terminology Review - Quiz A

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Chapter 16 - Comprehensive Medical Terminology Review
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College: First year, College: Second year, College: Third year, College: Fourth year
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medical, nursing
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1

A severe response to an allergen is known as __________ . The symptoms of this reaction develop quickly, and without help, the patient can die within a few minutes.

anaphylaxis

2

A/An __________ is a band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnormally.

adhesion

3

The term __________ describes a condition caused by deficient secretion of any gland, especially an endocrine gland.

hypocrinism

4

The term __________ means inflammation of the gallbladder.

cholecystitis

5

__________ syndrome is a condition caused by prolonged exposure to high levels of cortisol.

Cushing's

6

The surgical repair of the conjunctiva is known as __________ .

conjunctivoplasty

7

A/An __________ is the surgical creation of an opening between the colon and the body surface.

colostomy

8

The study of the causes of diseases is known as __________ .

etiology

9

Vomiting blood is known as __________ .

hematemesis

10

The term __________ describes the incomplete development of an organ or tissue.

hypoplasia

11

The inability to resist the impulse to set fires is known as __________

pyromania

12

Plastic surgery performed to reshape the nose is known as __________ .

rhinoplasty

13

The condition of __________ is commonly known as male menopause.

andropause

14

A disease of unknown origin is described as being a/an __________ disorder.

idiopathic

15

The new cancer site resulting from the spreading process is a/an __________ .

metastasis

16

The freeing of a kidney from adhesions is known as __________ .

nephrolysis

17

A/An __________ is any substance that the body regards as being foreign and includes viruses, bacteria, toxins, and transplanted tissues.

antigen

18

A/An __________ is a physician who specializes in the care of older people.

geriatrician

19

The parasite __________ is commonly transmitted from animals (pets) to humans by contact with contaminated feces.

toxoplasmosis

20

The term __________ means excessively dry skin.

xeroderma