Diagnostic Procedures and Pharmacology - Quiz B

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Chapter 15
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1

Which term describes the evaluation or appraisal of a condition?

assessment

2

In a setting such as a hospital, which of the following is considered the fifth vital sign?

pain

3

Which elevated blood test indicates the presence of inflammation in the body?

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

4

Which procedure is a diagnostic test used to evaluate fetal health and diagnose certain congenital disorders?

amniocentesis

5

Which term describes a drug interaction that occurs when the effect of one drug is increased by another drug, herbal remedy, or other treatment?

potentiation

6

Which term describes drug administration taken into the body through the digestive tract?

oral

7

Which term reflects the amount of wastes, minerals, and solids in the urine?

specific gravity

8

Which diagnostic technique uses a combination of radio waves and a strong magnetic field to produce images?

magnetic resonance imaging

9

Which blood test provides information about the patient's immune system, detects certain types of leukemia, and determines the severity of infection?

white blood cell differential test

10

Which imaging system combines tomography with radionuclide tracers to produce enhanced images of selected body organs or areas?

positron-emission tomography

11

Which type of dental x-ray has the film placed and exposed outside of the mouth?

extraoral

12

Which type of injection is made into the middle layers of the skin?

intradermal

13

Which term describes any position in which the patient is lying down?

recumbent

14

Which blood test is used to detect an internal hemorrhage lasting more than 24 hours?

red blood cell count

15

Which urine condition, as detected by urinalysis, is an indication of impaired kidney function?

albuminuria

16

Which instrument is used to enlarge the opening of a canal, such as the vagina, to facilitate the inspection of its interior?

speculum

17

Which term describes the part of the body closest to the film during a radiographic exposure?

positioning

18

Which imaging technique is used to determine cardiac or cerebral perfusion plus brain imaging for epilepsy, dementia, and recurrent brain tumors?

PET

19

Which technique is an ultrasonic imaging technique used to evaluate heart structures?

transesophageal echocardiography

20

Which radiographic projection has the patient positioned so the body is slanted sideways to the film?

oblique