The Endocrine System - Quiz B

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Chapter 13
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1

Where is the thyroid-stimulating hormone secreted?

anterior lobe of the pituitary gland

2

Where does a pheochromocytoma occur?

adrenal medulla

3

Which hormone stimulates the development of male secondary sex characteristics?

testosterone

4

Which condition is caused by an extreme deficiency of thyroid secretion?

myxedema

5

Which condition is an insulin resistance disorder?

type 2 diabetes mellitus

6

Which endocrine gland is located near the midline in the anterior portion of the thoracic cavity?

thymus

7

Which substance is secreted by specialized cells of the brain?

neurohormones

8

Which term describes a hormonal disorder that results from the pituitary gland producing too much growth hormone in adults?

acromegaly

9

Which hormone stimulates ovulation in the female and the secretion of testosterone in the male?

luteinizing

10

Which hormone is secreted in response to high blood sugar?

insulin

11

Which condition occurs when the adrenal glands do not produce enough of the hormones cortisol or aldosterone?

Addison's disease

12

Which term describes an abnormally low concentration of glucose in the blood?

hypoglycemia

13

Which blood test is used by patients with diabetes to measure the average blood glucose level over the previous 3 to 4 months?

hemoglobin A1C

14

Which hormone is secreted by the placenta?

human chorionic gonadotropin

15

Which two hormones are secreted by the thyroid gland?

thyroxine (T 4 ) and triiodothyronine (T 3 )

16

Which hormone is secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland?

antidiuretic hormone

17

Which condition is a benign tumor of the pituitary gland that causes the gland to produce too much prolactin?

prolactinoma

18

Which endocrine gland is located at the base of the brain, just below the hypothalamus?

pituitary

19

Which hormone works with other hormones to regulate the rate of metabolism?

thyroxine

20

Which condition is the condition of excessive mammary development in the male?

gynecomastia